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servants

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Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2011) 58 (4): 653–682.
Published: 01 October 2011
...); and it recounts the birth of their ethnic polity, the barrio of Analco. The status of these indigenous allies marks a central tension in the lienzo's message: were they allies (indios conquistadores) or servants (naborías)? Historical documents say both, but the coexistence of these statuses poses a conundrum...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2017) 64 (1): 115–139.
Published: 01 January 2017
... slaves, indentured servants, or the urban poor. Only a few investigators, however, have considered these groups as they related to their counterparts among North America’s first inhabitants, and most of them have focused on the eighteenth century or later. The records left by Frenchmen during the second...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2015) 62 (2): 285–308.
Published: 01 April 2015
...Nancy E. van Deusen “Coming to Castile with Cortés: Indigenous ‘Servitude’ in the Sixteenth Century” examines the circumstances of three indigenous criados (servants)—Pedro, Juan, and Francisco Manuel—with direct or indirect ties of patronage to the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés. As nonelite...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2017) 64 (1): 65–90.
Published: 01 January 2017
... and slaves, at least in terms of living conditions, social lives, and labor performed on the island. 3 Archeological evidence suggests that slaves were not physically segregated from “Christian” servants until sugar production boomed in the mid-seventeenth century. 4 Indian slaves also suffered from...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2004) 51 (3): 567–607.
Published: 01 July 2004
... the Years 1760 and 1776 . Ann Arbor, mi: University Micro-films,Inc. Hillman, Thomas A. 1992 Catalogue of Census Returns on Microfilm, 1901 . Ottawa: National Archives of Canada. Hudson's Bay Company Archives (HBCA) A.34/1 Servants Character Book, 1822 -30. B.1/a/1, 17-22, 23 Abitibi House...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2017) 64 (1): 91–114.
Published: 01 January 2017
... of the country, resettled to newly designated areas, forced to serve in English homes as slaves and servants, or having their children forcibly placed as servants in English households. The threat of enslavement weighed heavily on the psyche of New England’s natives, particularly during King Philip’s War. Far...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2016) 63 (3): 577–578.
Published: 01 July 2016
... 2016 by American Society for Ethnohistory 2016 “Slavery flourished in colonial New England,” writes Margaret Ellen Newell in Brethren by Nature , and “Native Americans formed a significant part of New England’s slave population” (3). Indian servants augmented the colonial workforce “in important...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2005) 52 (4): 673–687.
Published: 01 October 2005
..., and they drank it in a wide range of contexts in daily life. The transforma- tion of chocolate drinks into a basic staple that could be consumed daily by notonlyMayasbutalsoSpaniardsandcastas (mixed-race peoples) prob- ably occurred, in part, through native women working as servants in colo- nial kitchens...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2010) 57 (3): 415–444.
Published: 01 July 2010
... the men’s, they were probably of equal importance.6 Despite their early participation in confraternities, Nahua women were prohibited from professing as nuns until 1724. Due to this exclusion, their presence in convents was largely the result of their work as servants. Their duties...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2016) 63 (3): 519–540.
Published: 01 July 2016
... no longer recognized as binding. 64 The NWC viewed actions taken under the charter, such as the Pemmican Proclamation, as illegal. Alexander MacDonell condemned Lord Selkirk and Miles MacDonell, governor of the Red River Colony, stating that the governor “induced . . . most of the Colony-servants...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2003) 50 (2): 247–259.
Published: 01 April 2003
... servants labored in order to build an endowment for the future institution through the sale of tobacco. At the same time, Thorpe worked assiduously to ingratiate himself with Opechan- canough in the long-range hope of Christianizing...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2007) 54 (1): 35–67.
Published: 01 January 2007
... uncle’s young Nahuatl-speaking indigenous servant, Gaspar, to verify if he really was witnessing two men committing the pecado nefando contra natura—the nefarious sin against nature. Once the young servant confirmed what was taking place, the nephew ran to the nearby central plaza to alert...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2013) 60 (2): 295–318.
Published: 01 April 2013
..., tended to frame those on the side of civilization and the ideas of progress as against those whom society considered the enemy of modernization: Indi- ans, locked in an eternal battle with their social superiors. All too often, Indians are cast in the role of submissive servant. Such an approach...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2001) 48 (1-2): 323–336.
Published: 01 April 2001
... that involuntary labor and poverty—for both African Americans and indentured servants—were not incidental to the opportu- 7 nities available for free labor, but their very prerequisite...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2017) 64 (1): 41–63.
Published: 01 January 2017
... went out with boats to explore the mangrove coast. During one of these forays members of Sharpe’s cohort captured Friar Joseph Delgado along with his indigenous guides and servants while they were surveying the unconquered Maya territory in the southeast of the Yucatán Peninsula. The Englishmen robbed...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2018) 65 (1): 171–172.
Published: 01 January 2018
... such as censuses or ships’ manifests (since most were transported over land); the customary status or even illegal nature of Indian slavery, which discouraged leaving paper trails; and the ambiguous status of many enslaved Indians, who often began as “servants” or “apprentices” but were never freed. Shefveland...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2016) 63 (4): 756–757.
Published: 01 October 2016
... youth Apess lived as an indentured servant in white households; he converted to Methodism during the Second Great Awakening; and he enlisted during the War of 1812. Gura makes the most of the intersection of Apess’s life with these and other events, giving the lay reader ample contextual detail...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2018) 65 (4): 671–672.
Published: 01 October 2018
... and the second concerning his time back in Scotland. Williamson claimed that he came to the colonies as an involuntary indentured servant, gained his freedom and some wealth, was taken captive by Native Americans, escaped, enlisted in the British army, became a prisoner of war of the French, and finally...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2008) 55 (4): 665–671.
Published: 01 October 2008
.... Many of the women migrated, probably based on a degree of coercion, to Lima and Trujillo to work as domestic servants, with the women then moving into other kinds of occupations, with marketing chief among them. While pro- ducing chicha (corn-based beer) became an urban activity associated...
Journal Article
Ethnohistory (2019) 66 (3): 616–617.
Published: 01 July 2019
... the dehumanizing slave market, convents that must have felt claustrophobic to their protected but captive servants, brutal obrajes (rudimentary factories, especially for cloth production), and the vibrant entrepreneurialism of the food and secondhand goods markets. The book starts and finishes with anecdotes...