Many historians are exploring evidence of Canada’s abuse of Indigenous peoples, contributing to the journey of reconciliation. In Colonialism’s Currency: Money, State, and First Nations in Canada, 1820–1950, Brian Gettler contributes to this body of scholarship by presenting a new interpretation of Canada’s traditional national history. Focusing on how money has been, and continues to be, used by British and Canadian colonial powers, Gettler presents a complex story that forefronts an intersectionality among capitalism, colonialism, and state formation during the late nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries. He clearly and comprehensibly details the ways in which money provided British and later Canadian colonial powers with the means to disinherit Indigenous peoples of their territory, on the one hand, while strengthening state legitimacy on the other.

Based on his doctoral dissertation, Gettler’s Colonialism’s Currency is a meticulous, thorough, and understandable exploration of state-Indigenous relations, specifically in Ontario and Quebec, wherein Indigenous...

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