This article is a call to render the rare modicums, odd classifications, and normalization of indigenous slave practices in documents legible and then magnify them and connect them to broader considerations of slavery. Statistical anomalies and unusual stories found in archives are, in fact, central to the assessments of the enormity and depth of indigenous slavery. Moreover, the appearance of outliers in documents helps to address some of the methodological and conceptual frameworks that limit understandings of indigeneity in the early modern period.

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