Late seventeenth-century murals in the camarín of the colonial Church of the Conception in Tabí, Yucatán, include an unusual image of Saint Michael and a dragon in the birth chamber of the Virgin Mary. The murals of the camarín served as a backdrop for the miracle-working statue of the Virgin, which had emerged from the nearby cenote in the early seventeenth century. This study argues that the mural imagery and statue responded to the use of the cenote before and after the arrival of the Europeans: the Virgin as Inmaculada addressed local concerns of orthodoxy and also connected this remote town to broader post-Tridentine doctrines in New Spain. The visual material offers a means of analyzing strategies of evangelization and the complexities of reception within the community of Tabí and more broadly in colonial Yucatán.

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