Inka expansion into south coastal Peru (Chinchasuyu) is well documented in the archaeological record and in historical narratives that celebrate Inka achievements in Ica and Chincha. The lesser-known Pisco Valley equally benefited from Inka largesse as a result of a restructuring of the region by Thupa Inka, who is thought to have dispatched corps of occupational specialists (kamayuq) there. Centering on a group of kamayuq in Pisco, this research traces their movements and activities during and after Inka reign. Attention is drawn to their innovative transition from salt specialists to wine producers. The work contributes to a regional history of Pisco and offers a local perspective on the effects of the indigenous relocations instituted by Viceroy Francisco de Toledo. It attempts to unite and reconcile fragmentary historical sources about colonial Inka provincial peoples with the archaeological record and directs questions for future research.

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