In this article Masikoro identity is linked to the Sakalava of western and northwestern Madagascar. An analysis that associates two ritual objects, the hazomanga (a wooden pole symbolizing a lineage, sometimes shaped like a cross,upon which sacrificial blood is consecrated to ones raza or ancestors) and the jiny (ancestral relics), is presented in support of the Sakalava-Masikoro link. A number of rituals involving jiny and hazomanga are considered,including circumcision and adoption of a new member into a lineage. The role of women in relation to these ritual objects is historicized and compared briefly to a contemporary politicized context.
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Jeanne Dina; The Hazomanga among the Masikoro of Southwest Madagascar: Identity and History. Ethnohistory 1 April 2001; 48 (1-2): 13–30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00141801-48-1-2-13
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