Many of the black slaves brought to the Americas by European colonizers developed strategies of resistance and survival in reaction to colonial slavery. Grand marronnage—or the permanent flight of black slaves from their European oppressors—is one of these strategies used by Aripaeño forebears. This essay examines their journey to freedom, which involved historical processes of ethnogenesis within a diverse and complex ecological and cultural scenario presented by the Guianas during the eighteenth century.
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Berta E. Pérez; The Journey to Freedom: Maroon Forebears in Southern Venezuela. Ethnohistory 1 October 2000; 47 (3-4): 611–634. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00141801-47-3-4-611
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