While many areas of scholarship are already well into critical examinations of their global turns, one area that is not is the study of early medieval medicine. The number of global comparative approaches for this corpus are few and limited in scope, but this is an ideal time to consider the ethics of how scholars deploy comparisons between the medicine of early medieval England and other medicines, particularly those of American Indigenous peoples. This article argues for ethical comparative approaches between medieval medical corpora and the cultures and archives of American Indigenous peoples and for using decolonial and comparative considerations to guide the future of a scholarship whose framework is increasingly global.

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