Since we do not find a religion identified as Mediterranean alongside Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, we might want to conclude that it does not exist independently. Mediterranean religion is found in the complexities of the lived religion of the region rather than as a dogmatic cohesion.1 At the most basic level the term Mediterranean religion can be applied to those religions or mysticisms founded or widely practiced in the geography of the Mediterranean region.2 Today, however, the highest concentrations of practitioners of what we may call Mediterranean religion live well outside that geography. This poses the question: can the term apply to those Mediterranean religions now found outside the Mediterranean? To answer this question we must look at the unique distinguishing elements of Mediterranean religious experience versus Northern European, American, East Asian, and so forth. Mediterranean religion is...

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