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literati

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Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2014) 9 (1): 87–90.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Ying Zhang 陳秀芬 Hsiu-fen Chen , Yangsheng yu xiushen: Wan Ming de yangsheng wenhua yu wenren shenghuo 養生與修身:晚明的養生文化與文人生活 [Nourishing Life and Cultivating the Body: Writing the Literati's Body and Techniques for Preserving Health in the Late Ming] Taipei : Dawshiang , 2009 . viii +247 pp...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2007) 1 (1): 143–145.
Published: 01 December 2007
... astronomy, biology, botany, cartography, manufacturing, mathematics, medicine, and military technology. Most Chinese and Western readers probably still believe that, with a few exceptions, Confucian literati of the imperial age ignored the investigation of nature, and that China failed to initiate a...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 359–362.
Published: 01 June 2010
... Their Own Terms , this review focuses on the latter book. On Their Own Terms consists of five parts, made up of 11 chapters. Part 1 depicts the reactions of Chinese literati to the learning imported by the Jesuits, as many tried to absorb the elements of Western science without upsetting the...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2014) 8 (1): 147–149.
Published: 01 March 2014
... the appropriation by Wang Honghan, a seventeenth-century Chinese member of the literati, physician, and Christian, of a range of cultural resources he used to construct a public identity and give his career meaning, even as he rewrote China's medical history. “Demonstration, Persuasion, and Rumor...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 327–333.
Published: 01 June 2010
... of science, yet within an over-arching philosophical framework that located cosmological-moral principles as the fulcrum for effective action, literati whether in their private or official capacity were discouraged from pursuing what was viewed as over-specialisation in technical knowledge. Even for...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 349–353.
Published: 01 June 2010
... chapter on the tradition of nourishing life through food brings into focus how the literati changed their eating and drinking habits in an effort to elevate their status. Thus, the knowledge that had been systematized by Sun Simiao influenced the literati way of life, from which it gradually spread into...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 255–273.
Published: 01 June 2010
... relation to mainstream cultural pursuits. Among Song literati, Shen Gua, a scholar steeped in Confucian education, distinguished himself by showing an insider's familiarity with technical knowledge. In the present paper, I intend to discuss how such an interest was grounded in and enlivened by Shen's...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2018) 12 (1): 97–100.
Published: 01 March 2018
... life-nourishment culture among the literati and intellectuals during the early Joseon period. Shin pays attention not only to Heo Jun, the de facto author of the text, but also to Heo Jun’s coworkers and King Seonjo (宣祖, r. 1567–1608), the initiator of this project. Contrary to the conventional heroic...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2012) 6 (4): 581–584.
Published: 01 November 2012
... a practice grounded in classics, and characterized by benevolence and humaneness, medicine was a reasonable alternative for unemployed scholars. The trouble, from the perspective of the literati physicians, was that not all patients thought extensive book learning the best indicator of quality in a...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2017) 11 (4): 621–623.
Published: 01 December 2017
... government records, literati texts, and works of fiction to provide a comprehensive perspective of ginseng's complicated role in the Qing empire in this well-written book. But the book leaves a couple of questions unanswered. First, as the Manchu people were non-Han Chinese, did they observe a pertinent...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2009) 3 (4): 421–451.
Published: 01 December 2009
... biographies that includes 142 degree holders and 30 unsuccessful candidates, all of whom had thus engaged on the long and costly civil service examination route, there are so few people reported as coming from literati families. 12 Generally speaking, the biographies give four usual social origins: a...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2014) 8 (2): 257–260.
Published: 01 June 2014
...—make it clear that literati valued occult techniques for personal use as well. Chu Pingyi provides another example of how an imperial collection helped shape a narrative about the history of science. He shows us how the editors of the Complete Library and the later Analytical Catalogue of the...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2010) 4 (4): 623–625.
Published: 01 December 2010
... seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The inclusion of an entry on equine care in an encyclopedia that also covers fields such as international relations, history, the bureaucracy, economics, and mathematics shows that a basic understanding of how to tend horses was necessary for Confucian literati. Another...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 185–205.
Published: 01 June 2010
... technical literature than agronomic science or medicine. To generalize over so wide a field is perilous, but the vast majority of “technical” writing before the twentieth century was produced by literati for a literati audience or by administrators for administrative use. Much of it took the form of textual...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 207–228.
Published: 01 June 2010
... sponsored compendia ( leishu 類書) on classics, civil service, and statecraft, and of private practical encyclopedias on miscellaneous subjects including agriculture, health, and mathematics, which were read by literati, artisans, merchants, and clerks ( Elman 2007 ). The topics discussed in these books were...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 September 2016) 10 (3): 315–319.
Published: 01 September 2016
... seventeenth, natural sciences, such as calendrics and astrology, were included in imperial examinations. The eighteenth century saw the rise of evidential scholarship among the Yangtze delta literati. Its emphasis on exacting research, rigorous analysis, and impartial scholarship subsumed by the slogan...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 179–183.
Published: 01 June 2010
... in society and culture, topics like transmission of Western science; bureaucracy, literati, and Confucianism; books and printing; texts, including diaries, technical books, drawings, and other artifacts can be studied very fruitfully in traditional East Asian contexts. Such studies will not only help...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 September 2011) 5 (3): 423–428.
Published: 01 September 2011
...). Certainly, tu and hua seem rather close in early imperial China, before the emergence of literati painting ( wenren hua 文人畫) in the Song (960–1279) and Yuan (1271–1368) periods. Peter J. Golas argues that this change “included, especially for painting generally judged to be of the best quality, a...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2013) 7 (4): 637–640.
Published: 01 December 2013
... that this longer story of medical interest in bodily structure established important preconditions for literati-physicians' intellectual engagement with Western anatomy during the nineteenth century. One of the goals of Pi's book is to speak to the continuing process of the “integration of Chinese and...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2012) 6 (4): 577–580.
Published: 01 November 2012
... male medical authors, government officials, and other literati had toward women healers and the female body. Chapter 2 argues that the desire to promote fertility fostered the development of fuke (medicine for women) as a field of male-authored, literate medicine. Women felt pressure to produce...