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literati

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Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2014) 9 (1): 87–90.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Ying Zhang 陳秀芬 Hsiu-fen Chen , Yangsheng yu xiushen: Wan Ming de yangsheng wenhua yu wenren shenghuo 養生與修身:晚明的養生文化與文人生活 [Nourishing Life and Cultivating the Body: Writing the Literati's Body and Techniques for Preserving Health in the Late Ming] Taipei : Dawshiang , 2009 . viii +247...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2007) 1 (1): 143–145.
Published: 01 December 2007
... investigation, paying attention to astronomy, biology, botany, cartography, manufacturing, mathematics, medicine, and military technology. Most Chinese and Western readers probably still believe that, with a few exceptions, Confucian literati of the imperial age ignored the investigation of nature, and that...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 359–362.
Published: 01 June 2010
... Science in China is a textbook adapted from On Their Own Terms , this review focuses on the latter book. On Their Own Terms consists of five parts, made up of 11 chapters. Part 1 depicts the reactions of Chinese literati to the learning imported by the Jesuits, as many tried to absorb the elements of...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2014) 8 (1): 147–149.
Published: 01 March 2014
... Medical Past: Wang Honghan's Gujin yi shi (古今醫史, Medical History: Past and Present )” focuses on the appropriation by Wang Honghan, a seventeenth-century Chinese member of the literati, physician, and Christian, of a range of cultural resources he used to construct a public identity and give his career...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 327–333.
Published: 01 June 2010
... thought of in terms of science, yet within an over-arching philosophical framework that located cosmological-moral principles as the fulcrum for effective action, literati whether in their private or official capacity were discouraged from pursuing what was viewed as over-specialisation in technical...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 349–353.
Published: 01 June 2010
... proper growth. Chen Yuan-peng's chapter on the tradition of nourishing life through food brings into focus how the literati changed their eating and drinking habits in an effort to elevate their status. Thus, the knowledge that had been systematized by Sun Simiao influenced the literati way of life...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 255–273.
Published: 01 June 2010
... acknowledged in relation to mainstream cultural pursuits. Among Song literati, Shen Gua, a scholar steeped in Confucian education, distinguished himself by showing an insider's familiarity with technical knowledge. In the present paper, I intend to discuss how such an interest was grounded in and enlivened by...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2012) 6 (4): 581–584.
Published: 01 November 2012
.... This is where medicine comes in. As a practice grounded in classics, and characterized by benevolence and humaneness, medicine was a reasonable alternative for unemployed scholars. The trouble, from the perspective of the literati physicians, was that not all patients thought extensive book learning...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2018) 12 (1): 97–100.
Published: 01 March 2018
... life-nourishment culture among the literati and intellectuals during the early Joseon period. Shin pays attention not only to Heo Jun, the de facto author of the text, but also to Heo Jun’s coworkers and King Seonjo (宣祖, r. 1567–1608), the initiator of this project. Contrary to the conventional...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2017) 11 (4): 621–623.
Published: 01 December 2017
... effectively uses government records, literati texts, and works of fiction to provide a comprehensive perspective of ginseng's complicated role in the Qing empire in this well-written book. But the book leaves a couple of questions unanswered. First, as the Manchu people were non-Han Chinese, did they...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2009) 3 (4): 421–451.
Published: 01 December 2009
... biographies that includes 142 degree holders and 30 unsuccessful candidates, all of whom had thus engaged on the long and costly civil service examination route, there are so few people reported as coming from literati families. 12 Generally speaking, the biographies give four usual social origins: a...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2010) 4 (4): 623–625.
Published: 01 December 2010
... understanding of how to tend horses was necessary for Confucian literati. Another important source for this chapter is an encyclopedic work on rural life, which naturally includes sections on the rearing of livestock such as horses, cows, sheep, swine, and poultry. As Shin underlines, the horses raised in...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 185–205.
Published: 01 June 2010
... the tacit and produced a far less extensive technical literature than agronomic science or medicine. To generalize over so wide a field is perilous, but the vast majority of “technical” writing before the twentieth century was produced by literati for a literati audience or by administrators for...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2014) 8 (2): 257–260.
Published: 01 June 2014
... hand-copied on the backs of other documents—make it clear that literati valued occult techniques for personal use as well. Chu Pingyi provides another example of how an imperial collection helped shape a narrative about the history of science. He shows us how the editors of the Complete Library...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 207–228.
Published: 01 June 2010
...) on classics, civil service, and statecraft, and of private practical encyclopedias on miscellaneous subjects including agriculture, health, and mathematics, which were read by literati, artisans, merchants, and clerks ( Elman 2007 ). The topics discussed in these books were extremely broad, covering...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2013) 7 (4): 637–640.
Published: 01 December 2013
... broader. In fact, Pi's study suggests that this longer story of medical interest in bodily structure established important preconditions for literati-physicians' intellectual engagement with Western anatomy during the nineteenth century. One of the goals of Pi's book is to speak to the continuing...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 September 2016) 10 (3): 315–319.
Published: 01 September 2016
... up to the seventeenth, natural sciences, such as calendrics and astrology, were included in imperial examinations. The eighteenth century saw the rise of evidential scholarship among the Yangtze delta literati. Its emphasis on exacting research, rigorous analysis, and impartial scholarship subsumed...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2010) 4 (2): 179–183.
Published: 01 June 2010
... addition to the studies of the nature of the enterprise of science and place of science in society and culture, topics like transmission of Western science; bureaucracy, literati, and Confucianism; books and printing; texts, including diaries, technical books, drawings, and other artifacts can be studied...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 September 2011) 5 (3): 423–428.
Published: 01 September 2011
... instructive—or rather as entertaining or aesthetically pleasurable” (3). Certainly, tu and hua seem rather close in early imperial China, before the emergence of literati painting ( wenren hua 文人畫) in the Song (960–1279) and Yuan (1271–1368) periods. Peter J. Golas argues that this change “included...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2012) 6 (4): 577–580.
Published: 01 November 2012
... the often ambivalent views that male medical authors, government officials, and other literati had toward women healers and the female body. Chapter 2 argues that the desire to promote fertility fostered the development of fuke (medicine for women) as a field of male-authored, literate medicine...