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Positivism

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Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2010) 4 (1): 99–121.
Published: 01 March 2010
...、內容和影響。我 企圖揭示這個大爭議的兩個歷史意義: 其一是兩者的科 學觀在台灣社會轉型過程中, 並未促進或阻 礙台灣的科學化或工業化, 但是對 於政治秩序、文化論述和人文社會科學有深遠的影響。其二在這 衝突中, 一個 台灣版的兩種文化──道德人文的中國文化和實證科學的西方文化──被建構出 來。這個 獨特的兩種文化大論述, 乃是台灣後來兩種文化論述的一個「歷史原 型」。 Taiwan Intellectual history Positivism New confucians The two cultures 台灣思想史 實證論 新儒家 兩種文化 In the 1950s...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2012) 6 (4): 541–548.
Published: 01 November 2012
... resistance and criticisms of Kuhn's Structure from the 1960s to the 1980s in the English-speaking world are familiar enough. But the general situation in East Asia, and Taiwan in particular, are interestingly different. While traditions of analytic philosophy and logical positivism/empiricism were...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2012) 6 (4): 527–532.
Published: 01 November 2012
... nowadays. Logical positivism and Karl Popper were very popular on the mainland during the 1980s. Popper's ideas on science impressed Chinese readers during the ten-year Cultural Revolution and helped them break out of the stubborn system of earlier years. The influence of Structure was not so obvious...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2011) 5 (1): 5–10.
Published: 01 March 2011
... political engagement and do not eschew epistemic and political criticism. Twelve years later, in a review of historian John H. Zammito's A Nice Derangement of Epistemes: Post-Positivism in the Study of Science from Quine to Latour , Rouse ( 2005 ) faulted Zammito for failing to examine alternatives to the...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2012) 6 (4): 585–588.
Published: 01 November 2012
... positivism, such as those of the twentieth century made by some medical historians caught between historiographical enterprise and the need to situate and, at times, to legitimate ancient knowledge into their medical practice, that Hanson's project stands. As the introductory chapter 1 stresses, in...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2011) 5 (1): 73–78.
Published: 01 March 2011
... ecological changes, and the policies related to them, in northeast China. Still, it seems as though the set of theoretical tools developed by Western scholars, from logical positivism to Karl Popper's falsification theory, Mertonian sociology of science, and more recent additions such as the sociology of...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2013) 7 (1): 165–169.
Published: 01 March 2013
... Lam provides a fine example of how the new methods of producing knowledge departed from more traditional approaches. Fu's ideal scholarship consisted of four aspects: institutional teamwork and collaboration, objectivity and systematization, positivism and direct observation, and the endurance of...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2018) 12 (2): 185–196.
Published: 01 June 2018
... academic articles published with titles including terms such as “logical positivism,” “logical empiricism,” “falsificationism,” “historicism,” “sociology of science,” and “STS” or mentioning Western scholars such as Karl Popper, Thomas Kuhn, and Robert Merton. It was not until the 1980s that these academic...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2010) 4 (1): 129–136.
Published: 01 March 2010
... to Collins and Evans, wave 1 was the positivism which started around 1950, and wave 2 was the constructivism that began around 1970. They argue that wave 2 showed that wave 1 was “intellectually bankrupt” based on the sociological extension of underdetermination (the difficulty of strict one-to-one...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2011) 5 (1): 57–66.
Published: 01 March 2011
... on logic in the late 1920s, and Hong Qian 洪謙 (1909–1992), a student of Moritz Schlick, propagated logical positivism in China in the 1940s. This early period saw but scattered seeds in the philosophy of science, and after the founding of the People's Republic China in 1949, ideological concerns drove...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2012) 6 (2): 249–258.
Published: 01 June 2012
... Auguste Comte's positivism, regarded the history of science as progress by cumulative advancements. Influenced by historical materialism, Needham emphasized the impact of economic and sociological conditions on science (e.g., his “bureaucratic feudalism”). Sarton placed experimental and mathematical...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 November 2012) 6 (4): 561–567.
Published: 01 November 2012
... concepts in Kuhn's Structure and later works (see also Chemla 1996 ). In his first of two articles, for example, Fu not only cited Kuhn's critique of scientific positivism and ideas about “language learning” and “internal taxonomy” but also acknowledged conversations with Kuhn and other philosophers of...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2011) 5 (1): 27–48.
Published: 01 March 2011
... has been about sixty years since Yin Haiguang 殷海光 introduced logical positivism to Taiwan. This had a profound influence on the development of Taiwanese Table 1 Estimate of Institutional Presence of STS and PS in Taiwan. philosophy of science from the 1950s to the 1970s. But this trend...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 June 2014) 8 (2): 175–193.
Published: 01 June 2014
... the political implications of science and technology (S&T). The radical critique of positivism from which so many insights arose also explains some of the main controversies in the field—regarding interdisciplinarity and relativism, for instance. All too often, STS researchers seeking academic...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 March 2011) 5 (1): 11–26.
Published: 01 March 2011
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2018) 12 (4): 359–376.
Published: 01 December 2018
... the national society—only” (270). In this radical perspective, statelessness “appears in a different, (almost) positive light,” this “positivization of the stateless” representing a “major mutation of the 250-year-old space that has opened up the possibility of humanity” (471). This special issue...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 September 2013) 7 (3): 353–379.
Published: 01 September 2013
...), ultimately with some explicit ‘metaphysic pathos,’ which may be Hinduism or Western science, astrology or logical positivism” (327). Scholars speaking subsequently on the subject have broadened the scope. Vincanne Adams (2002b) points to Charles Leslie's work ( 1980 , 1989 ), which moves away from...
Journal Article
East Asian Science, Technology and Society (1 December 2018) 12 (4): 393–415.
Published: 01 December 2018
... “positivization of the stateless” representing a “major mutation of the 250-year-old space that has opened up the possibility of humanity” (471). In short, the Human draws its force, in part, from its very absence. Absence plays another essential role in the functioning of the discourse surrounding the Human...