Hideki Kawahara is a professional historian, and this book is an outcome of his painstaking work on the history of mathematics in Choseon (朝鮮, 1392–1910). Before this book was published, the only book covering the whole history of Choseon mathematics was Hanguk Suhaksa 韓國數學史 (The History of Korean Mathematics), written by Kim Young-woon and Kim Young-kuk. Given that Kim's book was written in 1977 and revised in 1982—almost thirty years ago—Chōsen Sūgakushi is a significant work on the history of Choseon mathematics.

China was a mecca for the development of East Asian mathematics. Chinese used thin wooden or bamboo sticks as tools to solve mathematical equations, which were written in words during the Han (漢) and Tang (唐) dynasties. The mathematical method was generally called chou suan 籌算. After that, Song (宋) and Yuan (元) mathematicians developed tian yuan shu...

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