We rarely show much interest in the basis of safety standards, although the safety of almost everything in society is built on them. The reason is simply that we assume these standards to be based on robust science. As a result, complex real-world elements have become obscured behind safety standards, and myths about safety continue to be held. We tend to regard something as perfectly safe as long as it satisfies its safety standard, and perfectly dangerous when it falls short. This attitude often results in overreactions in response to mass media reports pointing out a failure to comply with standards. Safety standards, however, are not criteria based purely on science that invariably separate safety from danger, but instead are artificial creations obliged to balance benefits and risks. Knowledge of the assumptions and processes behind the making of various safety...
Anzen kijun wa dono yō ni deki te ki ta ka 安全基準はどのようにできてきたか [How Have Safety Standards Been Constructed?]
Atsuo Kishimoto is professor at the Institute of Datability Science at the Osaka University. He obtained his PhD in economics from Kyoto University and then worked for the National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology for fifteen years. His research covers risk assessment and socioeconomic analysis of multiple areas. He is also a member of several advisory bodies to the government of Japan, such as the Radiation Council and the Policy Evaluation Council.
Atsuo Kishimoto; Anzen kijun wa dono yō ni deki te ki ta ka 安全基準はどのようにできてきたか [How Have Safety Standards Been Constructed?]. East Asian Science, Technology and Society 1 September 2019; 13 (3): 481–484. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/18752160-7005721
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