Abstract

This article examines the extension of cultivation technologies by Japanese sugar companies in colonial Taiwan during the 1910s. As it became necessary for them to price their sugar more competitively in a Japanese market that by the end of the 1900s had become oversupplied, and with the devastation wrought to sugarcane cultivation by severe storms, from the early 1910s sugar companies accelerated their efforts to extend technologies to sugarcane farmers. However, such attempts faced difficulties at first because of the economic conditions at the time and also because of conflict with the production system managed by each farming household, which was characterized by multiple farming, crop rotation, and a circular economy. Realizing the deficiencies in extending the technology, Ensuikō Sugar began to reform its work from the mid-1910s so as to win the hearts of the farmers by reorganizing the hierarchy involved in the extension efforts The company also redesigned the components of its extension work by taking account of the economy of Taiwanese farmers. This article observes the beginning of the incorporation of the farming economy into a system of agricultural technology, in which the power involved in technologies gradually permeated the daily lives of farmers.

Abstract

本稿では、日本統治期台湾の製糖会社による甘蔗栽培技術の普及事業について検討する。日本内地市場における砂糖供給の過剰問題と、暴風雨による甘蔗作の大規模な被災をうけて、1910 年代初頭の台湾島内の各製糖会社は甘蔗耕作者への栽培技術普及事業を拡大した。しかし、その試みは甘蔗栽培に不利であった同時期の経済条件と、多角経営・輪作・循環経済を特徴とする耕作者の農業生産システムと衝突することによって、早々に不調に陥った。これに対して、1910 年代半ばの塩水港製糖は、(1)技術普及事業の指揮系統を耕作者の積極的な技術受容を引き出しやすい形に再構築し、さらに(2)普及させる栽培技術の内容について耕作者の経営を考慮して修正・妥協することにより、技術普及の円滑な進展を目指した。1910 年代の技術普及をめぐる以上の曲折を検討することで、日本統治期台湾の耕作者の経営が技術システムに取り込まれていく端緒が明らかとなる。

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