Hoi-eun Kim is a young and enthusiastic historian and author of the J. Worth Estes Prize–winning article “Cure for Empire: The ‘Conquer-Russia-Pill,’ Pharmaceutical Manufacturers, and the Making of Patriotic Japanese, 1904–45.” Doctors of Empire is Kim's latest work, and it is a great honor to be given the opportunity to review it.

As the title indicates, the protagonists of this brilliant monograph are German physicians in Japan and Japanese medical students educated in Germany, who crisscrossed between Germany and Japan from the mid-nineteenth to the early twentieth century. Focusing on the interaction between them, the author seeks to explicate the process of “Germanization” of medicine in Japan.

Kim entertains a lively concern to redress “the lopsided view of German-Japanese engagement” (8) that scholars based in Germany have had so far. The author rejects the approaches adopted by previous scholars as a...

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