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Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (2): 215–226.
Published: 01 May 1992
...Leslie A. Whittington Abstract In this paper I use data from the Panel Study on Income Dynamics to examine the relationship between the dependent exemption feature of the United States federal income tax (an unambiguous subsidy to dependents) and the fertility behavior of married couples over...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1423–1446.
Published: 12 June 2018
... Service subsequently ruled that same-sex spouses would be treated as married for federal tax purposes. Because almost all married taxpayers file joint tax returns, administrative tax records provide new information on the demographic characteristics of married same-sex couples. This study provides...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1303–1326.
Published: 17 June 2019
... of low-income families, but less than one in four eligible families receive a voucher. In this article, we analyze whether one of the largest anti-poverty programs in the United States—the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)—affects the housing (eviction, homelessness, and affordability) and living...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 67–81.
Published: 01 February 1997
.... The interaction of this distribution with the age distribution of labor earnings minus consumption, or of taxes minus benefits, partially determines the corresponding steady state financial consequences of mortality decline. The effect of mortality decline on population growth rates also matters...
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (2): n1.
Published: 01 May 1997
... FOR FORECASTING POPULATION, HEALTH CARE COSTS, AND PENSION COSTS" ROBERT W. FOGEL AND DORA L COSTA In Table 2, page 53, X for England should be 2,700. "DEATH AND TAXES: LONGER LIFE, CONSUMPTION, AND SOCIAL SECURITY" RONALD LEE AND SHRIPAD TULJAPURKAR In Table 2, page 77, the heading for the first column should...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1233–1243.
Published: 02 July 2018
...Bradley Heim; Ithai Lurie; Kosali Simon Abstract We use panel U.S. tax data spanning 2008–2013 to study the impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) young adult provision on an important demographic outcome: childbearing. The impact is theoretically ambiguous: gaining insurance may increase access...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1833–1851.
Published: 24 August 2020
... contributed to changes in income growth across the distribution. Our study decomposes the direct effects of tax and transfer programs on changes in the household income distribution from 1967 to 2015. We show that despite a rising Gini coefficient, lower-tail inequality (the ratio of the 50th to 10th...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography 11458327.
Published: 11 July 2024
... expansion to the Child Tax Credit (CTC) on housing affordability and the living arrangements of families with low incomes. We employ a parameterized difference-in-differences method and leverage national data from a sample of parents who are receiving or recently received Supplemental Nutrition Assistance...
Includes: Supplementary data
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Published: 17 May 2012
Fig. 8 Balanced budget payroll tax. Payroll tax required to annually balance the OASI and SSDI program budgets under our forecasts ( solid lines ) and SSA forecasts ( grey lines ) More
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Published: 28 June 2016
Fig. 5 Effect of taxes and transfers on poverty rates, 1967–2012 More
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Published: 28 June 2016
Fig. 6 Effects of taxes and transfers on deep poverty rates, 1967–2012 More
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Published: 28 June 2016
Fig. 7 Effect of taxes and transfers on child poverty rates, 1967–2012 More
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Published: 24 August 2020
Fig. 4 Direct effect of changes in tax and transfer programs on changes in cumulative income growth by percentile, 1967 to 2015. Food support includes SNAP, WIC, and school lunches. Housing support includes housing subsidies and energy assistance. Cash transfers include AFDC/TANF, unemployment More
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Published: 24 August 2020
Fig. 6 Direct effect of changes in tax and transfer programs on changes in cumulative income growth by percentile and household type, 1967 to 2015. Food support includes SNAP, WIC, and school lunches. Housing support includes housing subsidies and energy assistance. Cash transfers include AFDC More
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Published: 01 December 2021
Fig. 1 Spatial distribution of industrial facilities and income tax revenue per municipality for 2015, Germany More
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Published: 01 December 2023
Fig. 2 Percentage reductions in U.S. poverty rates due to taxes and transfers, 1967–2021. These estimates are from the U.S. Current Population Survey's Annual Social and Economic Supplement, as well as the historical SPM data series from Fox et al. (2015) . The relative poverty measure assesses More
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Published: 01 December 2023
Fig. 4 Percentage reduction in relative child poverty rates due to taxes and transfers in the United States (2019 and 2021) and in 51 other countries. U.S. estimates are from the U.S. Current Population Survey's Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Data for other countries are from EU-SILC More
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Published: 01 December 2023
Fig. 5 Relative child poverty rates and percentage reductions due to taxes and transfers in the United States (2019 and 2021) and in other countries with data available for 2020 or 2021. Sample is limited to countries with estimates during the COVID-19 pandemic. U.S. estimates are from the U.S More
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Published: 28 June 2016
Fig. 8 Effect of taxes and transfers on deep child poverty rates, 1967–2012 More
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Published: 24 August 2020
Fig. 3 Average annual growth rate by income percentile and time period (post-tax and post-transfer income). Data are from the U.S. Current Population Survey. Household incomes are adjusted for inflation (PCE). The bottom and top 5th percentiles are excluded. More