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Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (3): 651–665.
Published: 01 August 2010
... surveys, is still limited. This article uses longitudinal HIV data collected from rural Malawi in 2004 and 2006 to examine nonresponse in repeat population-based testing. It shows that nonresponse in repeat testing led to signi¿ cant bias in the estimates of HIV prevalence and to inconsistent conclusions...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (3): 401–420.
Published: 01 August 2006
... the impact of parental death on children s outcomes. The results show signi cant differences in the impact of mothers and fathers deaths. The loss of a child s mother is a strong predictor of poor schooling outcomes. Maternal orphans are signi cantly less likely to be enrolled in school and have...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (1): 127–145.
Published: 01 February 2009
... with family or friends and were away from home for only a few days. Using logistic regression analysis, we found that the strength of the hurricane and the vulnerability of the housing unit had the greatest impact on evacuation behavior; additionally, several demographic variables had signi cant effects...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 323–343.
Published: 01 May 2008
... economy, HP-detrended GDP shows a strong negative and statistically signi cant negative correlation 73, p < .001) with the unemployment rate equally ltered. The HP-detrended labor force participation ratio, re ecting the proportion employed or looking for work among all those of working age, correlates...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (4): 989–1012.
Published: 01 November 2010
... interest. In contrast to Europe and North America, where the male-to-female sex ratio is 0.95 (favoring the presence of females), the ratio in many Asian countries such as India, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and South Korea is as high as 1.06, signi¿ cantly favoring the presence of males.1 Moreover, in many...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (4): 769–790.
Published: 01 November 2005
... of family members of network migrants as well as community members at the point of origin. Abundant evidence shows that migrant networks are positively and signi cantly related to migration (see, e.g., Davis, Stecklov, and Winters 2002; Davis and Winters 2001; Espinosa and Massey 1999; Massey and Espinosa...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S17–S40.
Published: 01 March 2010
... (a marker of inÀ ammation), and obesity. There was no signi¿ cant change in the proportion of the population with high-risk levels of glycated hemoglobin, which is associated with diabetes. Kim and colleagues (2006), who compared NHANES III data with NHANES 1999 2002 data for the population aged 40...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 805–825.
Published: 01 November 2009
... consistent evidence that income inequality is negatively related to self-rated health status in the European Union for both men and women, particularly when measured at national level. However, despite its statistical signi cance, the magnitude of the impact of inequality on health is very small. umerous...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (2): 389–404.
Published: 01 May 2007
... and binding contract with signi cant penalties for early termination. Third, although the entrance requirements are identical, the nature of service is much different. Whereas active-duty personnel are subject to all the unique components of military life, the same is not true of reserve-duty service...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 537–553.
Published: 01 August 2008
... or more. This was the case both at the beginning of the 1990s and at the end, though there were signi cant changes in the situations of particular countries. At one extreme, Italy, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States all had child poverty rates substantially above 10%; at the other extreme...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (1): 35–57.
Published: 01 February 2007
... was that orphans are signi cantly less likely to be enrolled in school than non-orphans, even within the same household. The study may suffer from omitted variable bias: only cross-sections were available in their data set, and thus they could not account for xed characteristics of the orphan child or her...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (2): 503–519.
Published: 01 May 2010
... Meerbergen 1994), to a signi¿ cantly negative effect of parental leave dura- tion but a signi¿ cantly positive effect of the replacement rate for a panel of OECD countries (d Addio and d Ercole 2005), and to a signi¿ cantly positive effect of both maternity-leave availability for the United States (Averett...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 439–460.
Published: 01 May 2008
... Dynamics (PSID), I nd that measured risk preferences have a signi - cant effect on the timing of both marriage and fertility. Highly risk-tolerant women are more likely to delay marriage, consistent with either a search model of marriage or a risk-pooling explanation. In addition, risk preferences...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (3): 777–800.
Published: 01 August 2010
.... The ¿ rst group is based on the Moving to Opportunity (MTO) housing experiment, in which predominantly African American female-headed families living in housing projects were assigned vouch- ers by lottery for housing in low-poverty neighborhoods (Kling, Liebman, and Katz 2007). The results showed no signi...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (3): 497–518.
Published: 01 August 2007
... Based on unique data from the largest-ever sample of the Chinese oldest-old aged 80 and older, our multivariate logistic regression analyses show that either receiving adequate medical service during sickness in childhood or never/rarely suffering from serious illness during childhood signi - cantly...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (1): 25–52.
Published: 01 February 2006
... siblings in Ghana compromised schooling, but only among girls. In a review of seven sub-Saharan countries, Lloyd and Blanc (1996) found signi cant negative relationships in only two na- tions, Kenya and Namibia. Along with evidence from other developing regions (Ahn et al. 1998; Knodel and Wongsith 1991...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 619–639.
Published: 01 August 2008
... York. In the second of these volumes, she included analyses of SIPP data from 1996 to 1999, thereby seeking to generalize her results to the nation as a whole (see Newman 2006: ch. 5 and appendix D). She concluded that many of these workers saw signi cant wage gains during this time period...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 163–180.
Published: 01 February 2010
... and recovery is hardly possible anymore. Using within-sample estimates of the returns to height and education, we can also estimate the resulting lifetime welfare loss. We ¿ nd signi¿ cant permanent education and health effects. Adults who had been ma- ternally orphaned between the ages of 7 and 15 experienced...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S65–S85.
Published: 01 March 2010
..., and hospitalization episodes) on progress through school and educational attainment. Estimates of the importance of health in utero and during childhood on educational attainment vary but are often found to be large and signi¿ cant. Almond (2006), for example, estimated that children born to women infected with inÀ...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (1): 53–77.
Published: 01 February 2006
..., such time provides crucial support for children. 60 Demography, Volume 43-Number 1, February 2006 results, but the coef cients for family structure were more highly signi cant because of the larger sample. Control Variables This study controlled for standard family and individual characteristics...