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Work Participation

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Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 55–60.
Published: 01 March 1968
...O. Andrew Collver Summary This report examines the hypothesis that a high rate of participation of women in the labor force tends to reduce birth rates in a community. Among metropolitan areas in eight countries about 1950 the proportion of women working was negatively correlated with the child...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (3): 273–284.
Published: 01 August 1977
... by variations in work experience. The results are conditional in that the relationships hold more for whites than for blacks or Indians. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1977 1977 Labor Force Participation Family Formation Role Conflict Female Employment Fertility Behavior...
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (1): 115–125.
Published: 01 February 1976
..., Life Cycle Stage and Female Labor Force Participation in Rhode Island: A Retrospective Overview . Demography , 9 , 173 – 185 . 10.2307/2060553 Namboodiri N. K. ( 1964 ). The Wife’s Work Experience and Child Spacing . Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly , 42 , 65 – 77 . 10.2307/3348628...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (1): 173–185.
Published: 01 February 1972
... data for a representative sample of 1,578 once-married Rhode Island women are utilized to examine the changing historical relationships between female work participation in selected life cycle intervals and educatonal attainment. The data indicate that there has been a recent convergence of labor force...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 378–392.
Published: 01 June 1966
... but inferior to nonmigrants residing in Bombay. The work participation rates of migrants were higher for every age group than for resident nonmigrants; the proportion of employees was higher; and there was evidence of migrant concentration in industries and occupations requiring less skill, less education...
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (4): 427–439.
Published: 01 November 1971
... of the extent to which women participate in economic activities outside of agriculture and of the par- ticular pattern this participation takes. In making this generalization researchers have overlooked the fact that there is considerable variation in women's work participation rates in non-agricultural...
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (1): 49–69.
Published: 01 February 1971
... women with proven fertility in five Brazilian communities were interviewed to determine various attitudes, their work experience, their participation in family decisions, their fertility ideals, and actual fertility. The five communities were selected along a rural-urban-industrialization continuum...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (1): 107–120.
Published: 01 February 1975
... that those economic development factors (female higher education enrollment rate and professional demand) significantly related to the female professional participation rate are distinct from those structural factors (economic growth rate, working age male deficiency) affecting sexual equality within...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 31–53.
Published: 01 February 2008
...Lisa A. Gennetian; Leonard M. Lopoo; Andrew S. London Abstract We examine how changes in maternal work hours affect adolescent children’s school participation and performance outcomes using data from interviews in 1998 and 2001 with approximately 1,700 women who, in May 1995, were welfare-reliant...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1293–1315.
Published: 24 August 2011
...Yu Xie; Margaret Gough Abstract A large literature in sociology concerns the implications of immigrants’ participation in ethnic enclaves for their economic and social well-being. The “enclave thesis” speculates that immigrants benefit from working in ethnic enclaves. Previous research concerning...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 876–893.
Published: 01 June 1967
... to the working age population, or as the ratio of the population which does not participate in the labor force to that which does. But the consumption requirements of dependents may vary with their age. Therefore, variations in the real burden of maintaining a dependent population need not be positively...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 373–402.
Published: 11 December 2019
... periods and whether they are dependent on subjective experiences with work. We draw on more than three decades of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women to assess how labor force participation over a period of 20 years during midlife is related to mental and physical health...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (2): 157–170.
Published: 01 May 1984
... variation in the effects of women's children on their labor force participation. We hypothesize that the effect of children on their mothers' labor force participation is a function ofthe cost and availability of childcare, and of the "convenience" of jobs for working mothers in the places where the mothers...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (2): 245–258.
Published: 01 May 1975
... in participation rates, by presence and age of children, are expected to be less pronounced in those occupations where a high proportion of jobs have convenient working conditions. Data are selected from the 1960 1/1000 Public Use Sample of the United States population. Those studied comprise white married women...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S131–S149.
Published: 01 March 2010
... force participation at older ages. It discusses two ways to facilitate longer working lives: (1) eliminating penalties on work at older ages—inherent in the provisions of the social security programs in many countries—that induce older persons to leave the labor force at younger ages; and (2) correcting...
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (3): 353–367.
Published: 01 August 1971
... in the worker role vis-a-vis their fertility. The working hypothesis of this study, that such non-familial activity has a different effect accord- ing to one's socio-economic status, is borne out. Participation in the labor force results in a relatively larger reduction in the fertility of upper status women...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (2): 147–161.
Published: 01 May 1983
... and a negative effect on female work effort. However, female wage rates appear to be the dominant factor in explaining variations in fertility and female labor force participation over the past two decades, with increases in female earnings leading to both depressed fertility and increased labor force...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1573–1605.
Published: 03 September 2019
... performance of domestic work and in another sense capture the performance of gender. As a result, the actual direction of the coefficient estimate is expected to be negative, and the inclusion of the covariate itself is expected to reduce the magnitude of the estimate for individual CCT participation among...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1247–1272.
Published: 08 July 2019
.... This randomized control trial study in an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya, demonstrates that limited access to affordable early childcare inhibits poor urban women’s participation in paid work. Women who were offered vouchers for subsidized early childcare were, on average, 8.5 percentage points more likely...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 352–377.
Published: 01 June 1966
... such origins. The balance came from areas classed as semiurban. The principal motive given for making the move to Santiago was work in 60 percent of the cases. Education was the second most commonly cited principal motive, given by 10 percent. Among those coming from rural and semiurban origins, an even...