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Welfare Benefit

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Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (4): 519–535.
Published: 01 November 1990
... Doesn’t (pp. 63 – 92 ). Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press . Demography, Vol. 27, No.4, November 1990 Welfare Benefits, Economic Opportunities, and Out-of-Wedlock Births Among Black Teenage Girls Greg J. Duncan Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (2): 309–335.
Published: 01 May 2006
... that increases in female incarcerations and reductions in cash welfare benefits played dominant roles in explaining the growth in foster care caseloads over this period. Our results highlight the need for child welfare policies designed specifically for the children of incarcerated parents and parents who...
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (3): 429–441.
Published: 01 August 1997
...John Iceland Abstract Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the U.S. census, I examine the effect of four structural characteristics on individual poverty exits: (1) economic restructuring, (2) skills mismatches, (3) racial residential segregation, and (4) welfare benefit levels...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (3): 469–496.
Published: 01 August 2005
... that stringency in state welfare-eligibility and behavior-related rules stimulated interstate out-migration of poor families in the United States. However, poor families were not drawn to states with relatively more-lenient welfare rules, although stringency in state welfare dollar benefits inhibited in-migration...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 213–236.
Published: 01 May 2004
...Marianne P. Bitler; Jonah B. Gelbach; Hilary W. Hoynes; Madeline Zavodny Abstract The goal of the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act was to end needy parents’ dependence on governmental benefits, in part by promoting marriage. The prereform welfare system...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1873–1909.
Published: 01 October 2022
... families via the welfare state. How much do children—and which children—benefit from social spending? Using the State-by-State Spending on Kids Dataset, linked to National Vital Statistics System birth data from 1998 to 2017, we examine how state-level child spending affects infant health across maternal...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 479–497.
Published: 01 August 2003
... the prevalence of breast-feeding. Given the substantial benefits of breast-feeding, any reduction represents an important negative consequence of these requirements. Our results suggest that in the absence of welfare reform, the national breast-feeding rate six months after birth would have been 5.5% higher...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (1): 105–126.
Published: 01 February 2003
... effect of generous welfare schemes on out-of-wedlock childbearing among young women. It is often claimed that welfare benefits, normally biased in favor of single- headed, low-income families with dependent children, tend to induce out-of-wedlock childbearing (e.g., Becker 1991; Rosenzweig 1999). Thus...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1853–1879.
Published: 25 August 2020
...Axel Börsch-Supan; Tabea Bucher-Koenen; Felizia Hanemann Abstract This study explores the interrelated roles of health and welfare state policies in the decision to take up disability insurance (DI) benefits due to work disability (WD), defined as the (partial) inability to engage in gainful...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 189–212.
Published: 01 May 2004
.... ( 1995 ). Do Welfare Benefits Promote Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing? . In I. Sawhill (Ed.), Welfare Reform: An Analysis of the Issues (pp. 5154 – 5154 ). Washington, DC : Urban Institute . Amato P.R. ( 1993 ). Children’s Adjustment to Divorce: Theories, Hypotheses, and Empirical...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 339–350.
Published: 01 August 2000
... of immigration is counter- acted by the social safety net. If immigrants avail themselves of social insurance benefits, the welfare system itself may encourage immigration and discourage subsequent emigra- tion among the foreign-born who have the lowest earnings potential within the United States. Despite...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (3): 259–278.
Published: 01 August 1998
... cohabitation) and found that about 7% of AFDC mothers were cohabiting compared with about 8% of all mother-only families; thus, he found only a small difference. In a rare attempt to estimate the effects of welfare benefits on behavior, Winkler (1994, 1995) used data from the NSFH to examine the effect...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 451–478.
Published: 01 August 2003
... Single Mothers 453 doubled their earned income before taxes and work-related expenses (Mijanovich and Long 1995). The generosity of the earnings supplement meant that the program was costly; however, some costs were offset by welfare savings or by taxes paid on increased earnings. In fact, benefit-cost...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 173–191.
Published: 01 February 2008
... children in family structures with different poverty risks relative to other factors such as differential market opportunities and governmental benefits for adults caring for children in various living arrangements. Applying a classic demographic decomposition technique to the overall poverty gap, we find...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 719–746.
Published: 09 March 2012
... the universalism and targeting of select countries. Despite its slightly above-average welfare state index, Italy has a targeting ratio less than 1 and a single-mother entitlement of 0 because single mothers are not guaranteed any welfare benefits solely for being a single mother. 13 Sweden has a below-average...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (3): 415–427.
Published: 01 August 1988
..., other components vary systematically by alternatives. For instance, if she were to accept welfare, she would receive the legally mandated benefits paid in her state of residence, given her family size and other income. If she were to marry, she would be ineligible for welfare and benefits, 13 but she...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (4): 617–637.
Published: 01 November 2002
..., MI : Upjohn Institute . Fix M. , & Passel J.S. ( 1999 ). Trends in Noncitizens’ and Citizens’ Use of Public Benefits Following Welfare Reform: 1994–97 . Washington, DC : The Urban Institute . Fix M. ( 2002 ). The Scope and Impact of Welfare Reform’s Immigrant...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (3): 367–380.
Published: 01 August 1985
... need for developing ways of evaluating the government's role in this area. One important question that needs to be answered concerns the impact of child support enforcement on welfare dependency. In most states, AFDC benefits are reduced on a dollar-for-dollar basis with child support payments...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 725–747.
Published: 16 April 2011
... ). Did Medicaid expansions for pregnant women crowd-out private insurance? . Health Affairs , 16 , 185 – 193 . 10.1377/hlthaff.16.1.185 Duncan G. J. , & Hoffman S. D. ( 1990 ). Welfare benefits, economic opportunities, and out-of-wedlock births among black teenage girls...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (2): 241–253.
Published: 01 May 2006
... Adjustment . Demography , 39 , 393 – 413 . 10.1353/dem.2002.0016 Duncan , G. , & Hoffman , S. ( 1990 ). Welfare Benefits, Economic Opportunities, and Out-of-Wedlock Births Among Black Teenage Girls . Demography , 27 , 519 – 35 . 10.2307/2061568 Fitzgerald , J...