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Vocational Schooling

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Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (2): 161–174.
Published: 01 May 1976
..., or administrative category. Post-nuptial trends in education undoubtedly reflect the much broader social phenomenon of changing sex-role perceptions. 26 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1976 1976 White Collar Vocational Schooling Marital Disruption Marriage Cohort Marriage Duration...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (4): 785–803.
Published: 01 November 2009
..., vocational school, junior college, university) and a dichoto- mous indicator of nonstandard employment (part-time employment and self-employment) in the rst job after completing school. Differences with respect to socioeconomic background are evaluated by using a measure of father s education (years...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (2): 345–372.
Published: 01 May 2007
... Attainment, School Enrollment, and Mother s Location, by Age Variable Age 15 Age 20 Age 25 Age 30 Educational Attainment Compulsory or less 99 16 14 12 10 years 1 36 34 32 High school or vocational school 0 37 29 28 Some college 0 10 14 11 College or more 0 0 9 16 Data are missing 0 1 1 1 Totala 100 100 100...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (4): 865–881.
Published: 01 November 2007
... schooling, English classes, and vocational training are the three types of investment under consideration.3 As results in this paper indicate, earnings increase, on average, over the course of the 12 months for the entire sample suggesting a rapid rate of economic assimilation. Results suggest that earnings...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 363–384.
Published: 01 May 2004
..., urban connections in a mixed hukou family4 (typically an urban father and a rural mother) may facilitate hukou mobility. Because children s hukou status generally 3. While vocational, technical, and specialized high schools have different consequences for life chances, no data source we have been able...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1559–1579.
Published: 09 August 2011
... school, 3 = vocational school or junior college, and 4 = four-year university and/or graduate school), household income (13-point scale ranging from 1 = <500,000 Japanese yen [approximately US$4,160] to 13 = >15 million Japanese yen [approximately US$125,000), homeownership (1 = lives in an owned...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 625–651.
Published: 14 April 2011
... likely to be unemployed even though they only had average years of education and occupation status. They were nearly as likely to be in vocational school as members of Persistent Disadvantage, but they also had a nontrivial probability of enrollment in higher education. In the Educational Advantage...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1523–1547.
Published: 01 October 2023
... for both men and women. For the later cohorts of women, however, the transition between academic secondary and higher tertiary (university) education became almost as important. In addition, the transition from vocational school to tertiary education had a relatively large contribution to the total...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (1): 83–103.
Published: 01 February 2003
... full-time 16.54 Unmarried 32.04 Employed part-time 17.44 Educational Attainment Self-employed 33.35 Junior high school 8.83 Not working 32.67 High school 50.54 Number of Siblings Junior college/vocational Only child 5.50 school 29.09 One 37.10 University 11.64 Two 30.81 Occupation Three or more 26.59...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (4): 883–898.
Published: 01 November 2007
... the same level of schooling. For instance, vocational college may be entered after ve years of upper secondary general education but also after four years of lower second- ary school in combination with three to four years intermediate vocational schooling at the upper secondary level.2 Independent...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (3): 809–835.
Published: 01 June 2023
.../poor childhood health), adult socioeconomic status (education measured as elementary school or less; less than high school; high school, vocational school, or some college; or college degree or more and harmonized for cross-national comparison by the Gateway for Global Aging), integration (continuous...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 525–552.
Published: 28 February 2012
... Mother’s Education  Compulsory or less (ref.) –– –– –– –– ––  Vocational 0.407*** 0.135 –– 0.135 −0 0.130 −4 0.129 −5  General secondary 0.717*** 0.238 –– 0.237 −0 0.236 −1 0.233 −2  High school or more 1.291*** 0.429 –– 0.427 −0 0.424 −1 0.422 −1 Mother’s...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2301–2329.
Published: 02 October 2017
... and age, educational attainment (high school or less, vocational school or junior college, four-year college or more), and the aforementioned employment measures. The marital status model also included enrollment status (enrolled in school, not enrolled in school); and the marital fertility model included...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 1147–1173.
Published: 11 April 2017
... their skills. Indeed, many adults also participate in what the CPS labels “vocationalschooling (Bills 2005 ; Elman and O’Rand 1998 ). However, my definition focuses attention on the kinds of education that entail substantial investments of time, finances, and other resources; are a major determinant...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 987–1010.
Published: 01 June 2021
.... Among students studying humanities in college, 85% studied humanities in higher secondary school as well. 2 We categorize science and engineering/vocational as STEM. Subjects like accountancy and finance that involve mathematical tools are included in the commerce stream. Hence, some of our...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2245–2267.
Published: 01 October 2020
... are better learners: A missing link in school reforms to close the achievement gap . Journal of School Health , 81 , 593 – 598 . Becker G. S. , & Mulligan C. B. ( 1997 ). The endogenous determination of time preference . Quarterly Journal of Economics , 112 , 729 – 758...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 867–887.
Published: 26 May 2012
... at age 6), seven years of which are compulsory. In order to continue in high school or to begin vocational training, students must complete nine grades. Vocational training qualifies a person for jobs requiring substantial practical training, such as shop assistants, craftsmen, or secretaries. A high...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1507–1545.
Published: 15 June 2018
...*** 0.004* (0.001) (0.002)   Not working 0.008*** 0.015*** (0.002) (0.002)   Currently unemployed 0.006*** 0.016*** (0.001) (0.001)  Education (ref. = no education)   Vocational degree –0.002* –0.006*** (0.001) (0.001)   High school diploma –0.005*** –0.011...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1715–1742.
Published: 13 September 2017
...). All estimates include sociodemographic individual controls for education (no formal education or illiterate, at most completed elementary school, completed middle school, completed at least high school or vocational school), age and its quadratic term, gender, marital status, living in urban or rural...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (3): 309–320.
Published: 01 August 1981
..." FOR THE PROCHOICE PLATFORM ON ABORTION Judith Blake Jorge H. DelPinal School of Public Health, University of California, LosAngeles, California 90024 Abstract-Although disapproval of all justifications for abortion is rare in the United States, our analysis of numerous surveys taken in the 1960s and 1970s shows...