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Urban Woman

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Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 172–195.
Published: 01 March 1967
... of the percentage of married women was eliminated from the analysis of multiple and partial correlations. The data suggest that the urban-rural differential is a non-linear function of the urban-rural migration. A more complete explanation of the divergence between urban and rural child-woman fertility ratios...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 363–373.
Published: 01 March 1967
...) changes in urban fertility are inversely related to changes in the proportion of the urban population employed in the secondary sector of the economy. At each census date from 1940 to 1960, the association between urban fertility (age-standardized child-woman ratio adjusted for infant mortality...
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (3): 411–425.
Published: 01 August 1971
.... The woman's age and her parity, her educational attainment, her race, her present residence (urban-rural), and whether or not she wanted more children were significantly related to opinion leadership in bivariate tables. However, these relationships appeared to be substantial mainly because these social...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (2): 233–250.
Published: 01 May 2002
...Øystein Kravdal Abstract Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for 22 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, I show that the average educational level in a village or a community of a similar size has a significant depressing effect on a woman’s birth rates, net of urbanization and her own...
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (3): 307–317.
Published: 01 August 1971
.... Various reasons have been given for the negative relationships found at both the individual and community level be- tween female labor force participation and fertility. Collver (1968), for ex- ample, suggests that female labor force participation depresses the child-woman ratio of urban areas...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (1): 1–8.
Published: 01 February 1984
... fertility. As a policy measure, it is suggested that priority be given to providing young women with more education or employment opportunities as an alternative to early marriage. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1984 1984 Rural Woman Family Planning Program Urban Woman...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (4): 509–523.
Published: 01 November 1986
...David E. Bloom; P. H. Reddy 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1986 1986 Rural Woman Rural District Urban District Urban Woman Childhood Marriage References Agarwala , S. N. ( 1962 ). Age at Marriage in India . Allahabad : Kitab Mahan...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 307–314.
Published: 01 May 1988
... of an inconsistent report of supple- mentary milk and peak-value breastfeeding duration, graphed against the number of years separating the time of the birth and the interview date, for two combinations of the other independent variables: one an urban Chinese woman with secondary education, the other a rural Malay...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 185–207.
Published: 01 May 1994
... the education differentials should be negative in the rural areas but positive in the urban areas. There is no evidence that this is true either in Botswana or in Zimbabwe. For example, among women in Zimbabwe age 25-34 in 1984, reported education of the average urban woman was 6.3 years in the earlier survey...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (2): 143–157.
Published: 01 May 1993
... declined to fewer than four births per woman, 44% of urban women currently in a union or who had given birth were using a modern method of contraception. Among the rural dwellers, the picture is rather different. In the early 1980s rural fertility was high, with TFRs well over six births per woman...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 210–217.
Published: 01 March 1967
... failed to recognize any of a list of eleven meth- ods of birth control, an additional 22 per- cent recognized only one method, and only one-fifth have ever used a method. But in the urban area the average woman admitted knowledge of five methods, and over half have used a method. Neverthe- less, neither...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (3): 873–898.
Published: 19 May 2020
...David K. Guilkey; Veronica Escamilla; Lisa M. Calhoun; Ilene S. Speizer Abstract This study uses data gathered for an evaluation of a Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation–funded initiative designed to increase modern contraceptive use in select urban areas of Nigeria. When the initiative...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (4): 803–816.
Published: 01 November 2008
...) = + 1Ui(t 1) + 2Ai(t 1) + 3A2i(t 1) + i, (1) where pit is the probability of a birth for woman i at time t; Ui is urban residence; A and A2 indicate age; is the constant; 1 , 2 , and 3 are coef cients; i is the error term; and logit (pit) = log [(pit) / (1 pit After this initial analysis...
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (4): 639–657.
Published: 01 November 1973
... in measuring cumulative fertility, and about equally as effective as the depth interview in measuring infant/child mortality. Most of the deficiency in the quality of the short-interview data can be attributed to accepting information from other household members or neighbors when the woman herself...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 198–211.
Published: 01 March 1968
... with husbands' income less than $1,000 had a total fertility rate of 3,549 compared to 4,226 for those with husbands' income $15,000 or more; that is, the latter is 19 percent higher than the former, and this is a difference of less than one child per woman. Even in urbanized areas where the positive...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (3): 337–353.
Published: 01 August 1988
... ). Marriage Patterns in Thailand: Rural- Urban Differentials . Bangkok : Chulalongkorn University, Institute of Population Studies . Maddala , G. S. ( 1983 ). Limited-Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics . Cambridge, U.K. : Cambridge University Press . Piker, S. 1964...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2337–2364.
Published: 01 December 2021
... and Population  Rural, <2,500 0.647 0.607  Urban, 2,500–9,999 0.073 0.081  Urban, 10,000–99,999 0.114 0.132  Urban, 100,000–499,999 0.073 0.081  Urban, ≥500,000 0.095 0.099 Woman's Literacy 0.935 0.952 Spouse's Literacy 0.929 0.949 Race and Nativity  Black 0.056...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 209–222.
Published: 01 February 2008
... Factors Related to Divorce Rates for Urban Counties in Nebraska . Rural Sociology , 21 , 34 – 40 . Chan T.W. , & Halpin B. ( 2003 ). Union Dissolution in the United Kingdom . International Journal of Sociology , 32 , 76 – 93 . Cooke T.J. ( 2001 ). ‘Trailing Wife...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 641–656.
Published: 01 June 1967
... It is possible to elaborate on our pre- vious observation about the probable as- sociation between fertility levels and the extent of urbanization by resorting to a direct analysis of fertility differentials be- tween rural and urban areas, based on the child-woman ratios according to the resi- dence of children...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2229–2254.
Published: 08 November 2014
... of the interview, but reiterates the previously mentioned fact that 70 % of moves in Ghana are to urban areas. Fig. 1 Frequency of moves by origin and destination The migration history in the HAWS survey includes the location of the past three homes that a woman lived in prior to the current home...
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Includes: Supplementary data