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Upward Mobility

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Published: 03 July 2018
Fig. 4 Cotton suitability and upward mobility. These figures show binned scatterplots of the residualized CZ–level link between cotton suitability and absolute upward mobility across CZs with no (0) slaves reported in the 1860 census (panel a) and across CZs with at least one slave reported More
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 283–292.
Published: 01 March 1967
... communities or places of origin is dichotomized on the basis of whether they are located in Standard Metropolitan Areas (SMA’s) in 1950 or whether they are located in non-SMA’s (NSMA’s). Upward mobility is treated as a product of higher education and as an antecedent of migration. Hypotheses asserting...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1547–1565.
Published: 03 July 2018
...Fig. 4 Cotton suitability and upward mobility. These figures show binned scatterplots of the residualized CZ–level link between cotton suitability and absolute upward mobility across CZs with no (0) slaves reported in the 1860 census (panel a) and across CZs with at least one slave reported...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (3): 299–314.
Published: 01 August 1999
... a college education were less likely to experience upward mobility in the 1980s than in the 1970s. 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1999 1999 Family Income Family Composition Marital Dissolution Labor Market Experience Downward Mobility References Atkinson...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 705–726.
Published: 20 March 2020
... steeper downward mobility at arrival in the United States and slower subsequent upward mobility relative to light-skinned immigrants, net of human and social capital, race/ethnicity, country of origin, visa type, and demographics. These findings shed light on multiple current literatures, including...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2265–2289.
Published: 01 December 2021
.... These findings highlight the importance of examining noneconomic outcomes when studying social mobility and offer insight into how inequality may persist across generations, especially for women, despite apparent upward mobility. Whether and when one marries, in particular, have important implications...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (2): 147–159.
Published: 01 May 1982
...R. Stephen Cantrell; Robert L. Clark Abstract Trends in labor force participation rates and the age of retirement are shown to be important determinants of upward mobility. Reductions in age specific participation rates increase the speed of movement through the employment hierarchy. In conjunction...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1703–1728.
Published: 22 August 2014
.... For middle-class American families, educational upward mobility is a strong predictor of moderated intergenerational transmission, whereas close emotional bonds between parents and children foster strong intergenerational transmission. We conclude that intergenerational patterns of family formation...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 73–99.
Published: 23 February 2011
... to assessing educational outcomes, the scope of the analysis is expanded to include nonmigrants’ interaction with another homeland institution of upward mobility: the labor market; and (2) using a large demographic data set, statistical techniques are employed to adjust for unobserved selectivity...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 219–245.
Published: 01 February 2021
... parent-child U.S. intergenerational occupational mobility patterns and child occupational attainment differ based on parental premigration occupational status (i.e., low- vs. high-skilled) and parental postmigration occupational mobility (i.e., upward, same, or downward). Our results suggest...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 03 July 2018
Fig. 3 Cotton cultivation and mobility in the American South. This map shows differences in absolute upward mobility across CZs measured as the mean income rank at age 30 for children born in the early 1980s (1980–1982) to parents at the 25th percentile of the national income distribution More
Image
Published: 03 July 2018
Fig. 2 Geography of mobility and slavery in the United States. These maps show differences in absolute upward mobility across CZs measured as the mean income rank at age 30 for children born in the early 1980s (1980–1982) to parents at the 25th percentile of the national income distribution More
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 363–384.
Published: 01 May 2004
..., education for one’s children, housing, health care, and even the right to move to a city. Transforming one’s hukou status from rural to urban is a central aspect of upward social mobility. Using data from a 1996 national probability sample, we show that education and membership in the Chinese Communist...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 615–625.
Published: 01 June 1967
... factor in a successful family planning program. 24 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1967 1967 Family Planning Socioeconomic Variable Upward Mobility Family Plan PUERTO RICO References 1 Whelpton , P. K. , & Kiser , Clyde ( 1950 ). Social...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 1093–1115.
Published: 01 June 2022
... acquired a higher education (9% for men) ( Stanfors 2003 :154, 228). Upward social mobility increased during much of the industrialization period, as the occupational structure changed, but it was not until after World War II that entry into the middle class of white-collar workers opened in earnest...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 541–569.
Published: 17 March 2017
... and asymmetries in upward and downward mobility by childhood family structure. Income mobility studies typically report average mobility rates (Solon 1999 ). High average rates are sometimes equated with expansive economic opportunity. Yet, high mobility out of poverty means something different than high...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (1): 1–25.
Published: 01 February 1979
... for annual marriage cohorts back to 1867. Actual experience to 1970 is traced and a projection beyond that point is made for cohorts with incomplete divorce histories. The cohort divorce series moves steadily upwards and shows much less variability than an equivalent series of period divorce rates. Factors...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 497–514.
Published: 01 June 1967
..., there will be substantial differences in age structure. Although the proportion of world population of dependent age is expected to go down, up to 1980its level will be higher than in 1960, owingto an upward tendency in developing regions, where the “heavy youth dependency” is so extraordinarily high that even in 1980...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 249–269.
Published: 01 February 2018
... poverty are driving the association between birth weight and mobility. At the same time, the pathway to upward mobility—as measured by educational attainment and labor market outcomes—is more difficult for blacks than whites, all else being equal. Therefore, it is possible that the relationship that we...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (2): 373–394.
Published: 01 May 1975
...Thomas R. Ford; Arthur M. Conning; George C. Myers 8 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1975 1975 Internal Migration Social Mobility Family Planning Program Upward Mobility Migration Study References Blau Peter M. , & Duncan Otis Dudley ( 1967...