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Unrelated Individual

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Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 521–536.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Steven Ruggles Abstract This article is an analysis of the frequency and characteristics of unrelated individuals between 1900 and 1950. The much-heralded rise of the primary individual during the 20th century has been offset by a decline in the frequency of secondary individuals. The overall...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (2): 269–288.
Published: 01 May 2003
... elevated risks of violence, and community-level variables were unrelated to violence. In the less culturally conservative area, in contrast, individual-level women’s status indicators were unrelated to the risk of violence, and community-level measures of women’s status were associated with significantly...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 587–600.
Published: 01 November 1987
...Christine Ross; Sheldon Danziger; Eugene Smolensky 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1987 1987 Poverty Line Household Head Poverty Rate Current Population Survey Unrelated Individual References Bowen , W. G. , & Finegan , T. A. ( 1969...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (1): 247–258.
Published: 01 March 1966
... time. Steiner and Dorfman related the living arrangements of aged couples and unrelated individuals to their incomes in 1951.14 They found aged couples and unrelated males somewhat more likely to be sharing a dwelling unit with relatives (either as heads of families or as parents or other relatives...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1737–1764.
Published: 01 October 2021
... at the level of the individual decision-maker. We find that men are, on average, considerably more son-biased than women. We also show that regional differences in son bias exist and that they appear unrelated to the socioeconomic composition of the population. Finally, we estimate the degree of spousal...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (3): 379–405.
Published: 01 August 1995
... are the poverty rate and the Gini coefficient of family income. The poverty rate is measured by determining the number of persons who are unrelated individuals or members of families with cash incomes below the official poverty thresholds. These thresholds in tum are estimates of the incomes necessary...
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (1): 127–138.
Published: 01 February 1976
... in household size is viewed as largely the result of the decline in fertility, and the removal from the household of unrelated individuals such as boarders, lodgers, and servants. However, if the term "ex- tension" is defined to mean the ordinary inclusion in families of adults who are not currently married...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (1): 111–120.
Published: 01 February 1999
... or subfamily unit). In the United States, the basis for the measurement of poverty (i.e., the unit of analysis) is the family and the unrelated individual. Independent of the unit of analysis, the unit ofpresentation for poverty rates can be the household (counting as poor any household with a poor family...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1513–1541.
Published: 21 July 2020
... were observed for DZ twins. That the same was not true for pairs of unrelated individuals suggests that shared early-life endowments and exposures—common within pairs of identical twins but not within pairs of unrelated adults—may explain, or partially explain, the existence of educational gradients...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 499–519.
Published: 01 August 2003
... a family in U.S. Census Bureau publications refers specifically to a unit with two or more people related by blood, adoption, or marriage, the poverty unit of measurement also includes single unrelated individuals. Even though these individuals are not a family, per se, they are counted as a separate...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2155–2178.
Published: 25 November 2014
... to living with unrelated individuals (most likely, roommates). These transitions are more than twice as likely as any other transition. These simple cross-tabulations show that moving in with parents is common across SES. In addition, nearly all high-SES young adults who move in with others move from living...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 563–573.
Published: 01 November 1987
... reflects greater ignorance about age among certain social groups than among others or among those reporting the ages of other household members to the census taker (especially the ages of unrelated individuals living in family households). Ignorance about age may also produce the digital preference...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (3): 455–465.
Published: 01 August 2002
.... The Census Bureau version of an Adjusted POSSLQ also stipulates that both unrelated individuals be age 18 or older in order to eliminate single parents living with foster children. We do not make this restriction because foster children are explicitly identified in the 1996 SIPP data and therefore...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (4): 413–416.
Published: 01 November 1996
... includes unrelated individuals and varies by family size: An unrelated individual in 1990 was rich if her income exceeded about $47,000; a couple, if their income exceeded about $62,000; a family of four, about $94,000.3 Between 1949 and 1969, real earnings and incomes grew rapidly, "a rising tide lifted...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 119–139.
Published: 27 November 2013
... observations in a study. Like quantitative genetic models that rely on assumed genetic relationships among related individuals, new methods rely on measured genetic similarity among unrelated individuals to decompose phenotypic variance into genetic and environmental components. Yang and colleagues ( 2011a...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1245–1267.
Published: 05 July 2018
... analysis using a subsample of unrelated individuals. Add Health includes a sibling sample, and we use this sample to repeat polygenic score analyses within a design that excludes potential confounding by population stratification. We test genetic associations using sister fixed-effects models, restricting...
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Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (2): 237–245.
Published: 01 May 2000
... age 25 to 29: 4 percentage points. individual in group quarters, and not related to or a foster child of the reference person; and (3) no other adults (age 15+) except foster children, children or other relatives of the reference person, or children of unrelated subfamilies. This definition still...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1483–1511.
Published: 11 August 2020
..., if individuals within families (i.e., related mother-daughter dyads) are more similar to each other than two unrelated individuals of each generation (i.e., unrelated mother-daughter dyads), this will be evidence of persistence within families. We use bootstrapped standard errors (1,000 replications...
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Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (1): 77–97.
Published: 01 February 1987
... from year to year, even ifthey split off from the stern family. In the PSID every survey wave eolleets information about eaeh respondent's eharaeteristies and usually those of his or her eoresidents, so it is possible to determine the type ofhousehold an individuallives in at eaeh point in time...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 637–659.
Published: 02 October 2012
... to examine such abilities by comparing full siblings in the parent generation, given that some of these unmeasured personality characteristics may be more shared among siblings than among totally unrelated individuals. However, the family fixed-effects model also yielded clear significant differences...
Includes: Supplementary data