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Unpaid Care

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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (1): 115–140.
Published: 01 February 2024
... and increasing diversity in sexual identities. Corresponding author: mzhang69@calstatela.edu Copyright © 2024 The Authors 2024 Sexual identity Gender Partnership Caregiving Roughly one in five U.S. adults provide unpaid care—the unpaid regular care or assistance given to family...
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Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (1): 83–96.
Published: 01 February 1998
... Population Association of America 1998 1998 Child Care Transition Rate Current Population Survey Supply Shock Unpaid Care References Averett , S. , Peters , H.E. , & Waldman , D. ( 1997 ). Tax Credits, Labor Supply, and Child Care. . Review of Economics and Statistics...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 205–220.
Published: 01 May 1988
... and the type of child care chosen by working women, although they affect these two decisions in different ways. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1988 1988 Child Care Nursery School Child Care Arrangement Unpaid Care Weekly Wage References Berk , L. ( 1985...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (4): 523–543.
Published: 01 November 1989
... there is considerable debate about what such a program should entail and the amount ofpublic funds to be allocated. Legislation requiring employers to grant unpaid parental leave is also being debated seriously. There are currently two National Academy of Science panels, one on child care policy and the other...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1247–1272.
Published: 08 July 2019
... of unpaid care work (Cassirer and Addati 2007 ). If this is true, then provision of affordable ECC could not only increase women’s engagement in paid work but also enable women to pursue better-paid jobs in the formal market. Yet, ironically, in the continent with the highest fertility rates, NGOs...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 537–552.
Published: 01 November 1988
... correspond closely to developments in four other countries (Canada, Holland, Denmark, and Norway) for which historical time-budget evidence is available. 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1988 1988 Child Care Domestic Work Unpaid Work Time Diary Housework Time...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (3): 333–351.
Published: 01 August 1991
... for the wage rate. This result is similar to ours. Leibowitz et al. (1988) find college educated women more likely to use paid care in their own home than unpaid care for children aged 0 to 2, but they report no other significant effects of education for this age group. They also find that women with less than...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 433–454.
Published: 01 April 2015
... of paid employment is divided into two forms, CG + NCG , representing the sum of time spent caring for grandchildren ( CG ) and time spent in any other unpaid activity ( NCG : i.e., not caring for grandchildren, although it could include other forms of care). The benefit of this formulation...
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Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (2): 373–390.
Published: 01 May 2005
... living in the same household, rather than the total amount of unpaid care provided by family members (including those living in different households). Measures of active care ignore the issue of overlap, treating an hour of adult care time the same whether it is accompanied by other adults or devoted...
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (3): 829–847.
Published: 01 June 2024
... opportunity costs of providing unpaid family care in 2013 and 2050 . Health Affairs , 38 , 1003 – 1010 . National Alliance for Caregiving . ( 2005 ). Young caregivers in the United States: Report of findings. Bethesda, MD : National Alliance for Caregiving . Retrieved from https...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 151–174.
Published: 19 January 2012
... capital (education) but are also largely represented in job types with higher levels of informality, such as unpaid jobs, self-employment, or occasional jobs, for which a positive and significant impact is estimated. 18 One must be careful of reading these findings as evidence against a negative...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 813–833.
Published: 13 May 2019
... . Journal of Urban Economics , 79 , 72 – 90 . 10.1016/j.jue.2013.03.007 . Cook S. , & Dong X-y ( 2011 ). Harsh choices: Chinese women’s paid work and unpaid care responsibilities under economic reform . Development and Change , 42 , 947 – 965 . 10.1111/j.1467-7660.2011.01721.x...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (3): 835–863.
Published: 06 May 2016
... review of Demographic and Health Surveys: Data availability and utilization for research . Bulletin of the WHO , 90 , 604 – 612 . Folbre N. ( 2014 ). The care economy in Africa: Subsistence production and unpaid care . Journal of African Economies , 23 ( Suppl. 1 ), i28 – i56...
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Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (3): 313–331.
Published: 01 August 1983
...- ployed; (b) unpaid family worker; (c) self-employed; or (d) wage or salary em- ployee. The potential economic benefits associated with children may be expect- ed to decrease, and problems of child- care increase, as one moves from unpaid family worker status to wage and salary worker, although no direct...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (1): 93–118.
Published: 04 January 2017
...) = 9,458. 9 Section 3 of Online Resource 1 presents the state distribution plots by including unpaid leave as a separate employment state. 8 We do not weight the analysis because the selection models do not allow for weights. As a sensitivity analysis, we estimated weighted multinomial...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 401–414.
Published: 01 November 2000
...Suzanne M. Bianchi Abstract Despite the rapid rise in mothers’ labor force participation, mothers’ time with children has tended to be quite stable over time. In the past, nonemployed mothers’ time with children was reduced by the demands of unpaid family work and domestic chores and by the use...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 365–391.
Published: 21 March 2016
... significant inequality in women’s labor force experiences across adulthood. We find two pathways of stable full-time work for women, three pathways of part-time employment, and a pathway of unpaid labor. A majority of women follow one of the two full-time work pathways, while fewer than 10 % follow a pathway...
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Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (6): 2255–2277.
Published: 18 October 2013
... for parental leave, including a nontransferrable paternity-leave quota of four weeks (European Union: Council Directive 2010/18/EU). Paternity leave might affect a father’s long-term involvement through at least two different mechanisms (Tanaka and Waldfogel 2007 ). First, a father’s care for his infant may...
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Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (4): 545–563.
Published: 01 November 1992
... OECD. 1991. Labour Force Statistics 1968–1989 . Paris Presser Harriet B. ( 1989 ). Can We Make Time for Children? The Economy, Work Schedules, and Child Care . Demography , 26 , 523 – 43 . 10.2307/2061256 Ryder Norman B. ( 1979 ). The Future of American Fertility . Social...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 107–133.
Published: 08 February 2018
... representative data on how adults allocate time to paid work, unpaid work, self-care, and leisure (Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 ). ATUS data are collected by computer-assisted telephone interviews in which respondents report their activities in the previous 24 hours. Activities are coded according...
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Includes: Supplementary data