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Transfer Function Model

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Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (4): 575–601.
Published: 01 November 1979
.... Particular attention is given to the problem of transforming the time series to stationarity (and Gaussianity) and the properties of the forecasts are analyzed. Final form transfer function models linking births to females in the reproductive age groups are also constructed and a comparison of actual...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (4): 673–677.
Published: 01 November 1984
.... 9 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1984 1984 ARIMA Model Supreme Court Decision Transfer Function Model Legal Abortion Monthly Time Series References Borst L. B. ( 1968 ). Natality and the Blackout . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology , 101...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S151–S172.
Published: 01 March 2010
... incorporate population age distribution in an enlightening way. One line start- ed with a seminal article by Samuelson (1958), which explored the theoretical importance of intergenerational transfers in the context of an overlapping generations model with no durable goods. He showed that transfers can act...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (3): 287–297.
Published: 01 August 1999
... equations." Finally, for the outcomes in which the value of the trans- fer-such as with the dollar amount of financial transfers and weekly hours of care-is considered, we use the two-part model proposed in Duan et al. (1983). This approach entails separately estimating the likelihood of observing...
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 115–134.
Published: 01 February 1997
... of females, a function of their spouse’s in come. We also find evidence supporting the hypotheses that parents and children engage in the exchange of time help for money. 9 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1997 1997 Intergenerational Transfer Money Transfer Monetary Transfer...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (3): 553–568.
Published: 01 August 2006
... life course under the specified pattern of transfer rates. The two living state case and hierarchical multistate models with any number of living states are analyzed in detail. Applying our approach to 1997 U.S. fertility data, we find that observed rates of parity progression are roughly proportional...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 883–904.
Published: 28 April 2015
... model predicts that NHI will decrease the probability of intergenerational coresidence, which functions as a type of intergenerational transfer or as a care facilitator. In contrast, the exchange model predicts that NHI will increase the likelihood of intergenerational coresidence. Through...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (3): 317–335.
Published: 01 August 1988
.... Moreover, wealth may be dispersed in anticipation of death, so the transfer of wealth by bequest gives an incomplete picture of the transmission of wealth from one individual to the next. 2 In the earlier model, lifetime earnings are estimated by the present discounted value of earnings for an assumed 40...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1875–1897.
Published: 16 August 2019
... children’s education. Our approach emphasizes the dynamic relationship between family structure and family economic resources. Marginal structural models with inverse probability weights estimate the association of parents’ union status history with eventual financial transfers while not overcontrolling...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (4): 551–563.
Published: 01 November 1997
... of Atkinson (1970), rich wel- fare implications of intergenerational transfers during the process of population aging can be derived. (3) With some assumptions on the age-specific savings function, the effect of aging on aggregate savings can be identified analytically. Borrowing the idea of the poverty index...
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (2): 219–232.
Published: 01 May 1999
... ). Panel Estimates of Male-Female Earnings Functions. . Journal of Human Resources , 29 , 406 – 28 . 10.2307/146104 Kiker , B.F. , & Ng. , Y.C. ( 1990 ). A Simultaneous Equation Model of Spousal Time Allocation. . Social Science Research , 19 , 132 – 52 . 10.1016/0049-089X(90...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 699–724.
Published: 07 November 2012
... economic transfers and not about instrumental assistance, limiting our ability to look within parents’ investment portfolios at targeted investments. Still, sensitivity analyses using parent fixed-effects models with selected outcomes yielded consistent results: among a parent’s children, those who...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (2): 461–483.
Published: 01 April 2022
... ; Painter et al. 2015 ; Ruel and Hauser 2013 ; Ulker 2009 ; Vespa and Painter 2011 ). Assuming that wealth accumulation is a function of income, saving, investment strategy, and intergenerational transfers, there are a number of possible reasons why wealth holdings are expected to be greater for married...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 537–553.
Published: 01 August 2008
... structure. The use of annual earnings takes into account changes in both wage rates and hours worked per year. Models are estimated separately for fathers and mothers. Finally, we estimate the effect of changes in government transfers. We subtract equiv- alized transfer income from each child s total...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 847–870.
Published: 01 June 2021
... on further childbearing when children in the household are young (under 6). Although we cannot rule out the importance of the loss of in vivo transfers and the possible role of grieving following grandparental death, the most compelling interpretation of the interaction model is in terms of the loss...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (1): 23–44.
Published: 01 February 2003
... to exempt themselves from time- intensive support tasks (Hermalin et al. 1990). The exchange model is based on the notion of quid pro quo trades between genera- tions (Cox 1987; Morgan and Hirosima 1983). Transfers from parent to child can include things like baby-sitting and housework, which would be given...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1103–1125.
Published: 02 May 2012
...) with the variable of interest (female or age category) in the full model. Significant differences (at least p < .10) are reported in the tables. Results are presented in two models. Model 1 includes education and income as well as controls. Model 2 retains these measures and introduces wealth, transfers...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (3): 341–359.
Published: 01 August 1987
... families. These considerations lead to considerable doubt about how good a proxy it is. The intrahousehold model suggests that schooling and quality are not associated within the family if quality is not completely embodied in individuals and all children receive physical or financial transfers from...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (1): 73–82.
Published: 01 February 2000
..., walking across the room, or transferring from a bed or chair. In addition to the measures of functional status, each sur- vey includes several questions regarding specific illness con- ditions and chronic disabilities. At least three specific condi- tions diabetes, hypertension, and osteoarthritis...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (4): 883–898.
Published: 01 November 2007
... in the Netherlands. We derive hypotheses from the Immigrant Human Capital Invest- ment model (IHCI), which argues that immigrants investments are an outcome of settlement intentions, skill transferability, and opportunity costs. The multinomial and ordered logistic regression analyses show that educational...