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Trade Effect

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Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (4): 557–575.
Published: 01 November 1995
.... 1820–1920 . New York : Schocken . Zunz O. ( 1982 ). The Changing Face of Inequality: Urbanization. Industrial Development. and Immigrants in Detroit. 1880–1920 . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Demography, Vol. 32, No.4, November 1995 Trade-Offs in the Family: Sibling Effects...
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (1): 85–98.
Published: 01 February 1973
... of living has been attained. 26 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1973 1973 Wage Rate Saving Rate Birth Control Program Trade Effect Secondary Sector References Benitez Zenteno , Raul , & Acevedo , Gustavo Cabrera ( 1966 ). Proyecciones de la Poblacion...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 223–243.
Published: 01 February 2008
...Hongbin Li; Junsen Zhang; Yi Zhu Abstract Testing the trade-off between child quantity and quality within a family is complicated by the endogeneity of family size. Using data from the Chinese Population Census, we examine the effect of family size on child educational attainment in China. We find...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1867–1894.
Published: 04 October 2014
... with parents affects child outcomes. We analyze children’s time-diary data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and use child fixed-effects and IV estimations to account for unobserved heterogeneity. We find that working mothers trade quantity of time for better “quality...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 641–650.
Published: 01 August 2008
..., the migration-fertility trade-off can be studied with particular ease. I show that although migration can increase the growth rate, which tends to make the age distribution younger, it also has an opposite effect because of its typical age pattern. I capture the effect of the age pattern of net migra- tion...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (2): 707–729.
Published: 01 April 2022
... as the initial forced migration showed no difference, which may indicate the presence of a counterbalancing fertility-increasing effect, as observed elsewhere for people born during a humanitarian crisis. There is less evidence of an impact for men, which suggests a gendered impact of forced migration—and its...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (1): 337–360.
Published: 09 January 2017
... two complementary analyses using newly assembled data sets, which represent two points in a trade-off between external and internal validity. First, we concentrate on external validity by studying infant mortality and child height in a large, international child-level data set of 172 Demographic...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 835–859.
Published: 08 May 2017
... of being enrolled in school or ever attending school by approximately 1 and 2 percentage points, respectively. We also find heterogeneous effects, with larger Q-Q trade-offs for rural, poor, and low-caste households as well as for households with illiterate mothers. The impact of having an extra child...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2135–2159.
Published: 01 December 2022
... ; Billari and Kohler 2004 ; Haub 2012 ; Kohler et al. 2002 ). Germany provides an interesting case study. Its trade flows with Eastern Europe and, to a lesser extent, China increased dramatically in the 2000s, and previous research has shown that the effects on labor market outcomes in Germany differ...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1353–1373.
Published: 05 July 2017
... of children. Returning to the questions posed at the outset of this article, we find a small decreasing trend over time in the size of the estimated Q-Q trade-off in the full sample and the boys sample. Results do vary somewhat by country: for example, in Costa Rica, the one prior country in which effects...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (3): 429–441.
Published: 01 August 1997
... been conducted on the effects of retail/wholesale trade employment shifts on the poor (or nonpoor). Wages in retail/wholesale trade jobs on the whole tend to be low (Holzer 1996); so although retail jobs usually 9. I assessed the different impacts by running regressions with a pooled sample...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 415–430.
Published: 01 November 2000
... Altonji , J. , & Card , D. ( 1991 ). The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-Skilled Natives . In J. Abowd , & R. Freeman (Eds.), Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market (pp. 201 – 34 ). Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Bartik , T...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 323–332.
Published: 01 May 1991
... of employment opportunities between sectors. The growth of service sector employment in particular has not contributed to the increased incidence of poverty in the United States. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1991 1991 Minimum Wage Household Head Poverty Rate Retail Trade...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (2): 251–267.
Published: 01 May 2002
... Use in Bangladesh . International Family Planning Perspectives , 13 ( 4 ), 136 – 40 . 10.2307/2947787 Akin , J.S. , & Rous , J.J. ( 1997 ). Effect of Provider Characteristics on Choice of Contraceptive Behavior: A Two-Equation Full-Information Maximum-Likelihood Estimation...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2243–2263.
Published: 01 December 2021
... of municipality-specific predicted values, and α ˜ t are residualized time fixed effects. For each municipality i , we estimate a municipality-specific trend in income, the number of industrial sites, and further controls ( y ^ i and X ^ i ) on the basis of trade tax...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1931–1956.
Published: 09 September 2019
... labor substitution effects overall for boys echoes findings from our previous study, which showed minimal trade-offs between work and school for boys not involved in herding work (Hedges et al. 2018 ). In the local area, livelihoods have shifted away from subsistence agriculture, and landholdings...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 143–157.
Published: 01 March 1967
... this source nor the one cited in the pre- vious footnote provides information on the terms- of-trade effect for the early sixties. I "Regardless of the causal interpretation, rural-urban and socio-economic group differences is because, as a weighted average, the over-all fertility rate must fall as the weight...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (2): 325–329.
Published: 01 May 1975
...Charles F. Cortese; Judith E. Leftwich Abstract An assessment of the occupational opportunities for selected groups of in-migrants (i.e., Negroes) requires a technique which controls for effects of both national and local employment patterns. We suggest a measure based upon the location quotient...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (2): 607–628.
Published: 01 April 2022
... effect of long-run manufacturing decline on mortality in specific communities (e.g., Sullivan and von Wachter 2009 ), in response to increased exposure to foreign trade ( Adda and Fawaz 2020 ; Autor et al. 2019 ; Pierce and Schott 2020 ), or from acute shocks, such as plant closures (e.g., Browning...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 August 2000
... in family income inequality, but the effects are not statistically significant for either 10- year period. Among the six industrial sectors we consider, the most consistent and most powerful effects appear to be due to changes in trade and personal services employment. Over both decades and over...