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Total Labor Force

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Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 273–282.
Published: 01 March 1967
... will illustrate this process. Consider an industry which has increased considerably more rapidly in employment over several decades than has the total labor force. The rapid growth brings in a disproportionately large share of youth who are first entering the labor market; other younger workers move from slowly...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 497–514.
Published: 01 June 1967
... to become longer as a result of declining mortality, and this, combined with rising labor-force replacement levels, will result in an increased total labor supply. While such an expansion of world population obviously emphasizes the quantitative aspect of population problems, structural and qualitative...
Journal Article
Demography (1978) 15 (2): 183–204.
Published: 01 May 1978
... on the characteristics of the total 1970 labor force. Although the two sets of scores are highly correlated, important differences are found in the scores for specific occupations as well as for major occupational groups. Using the traditional list of 12 major occupational categories, we find that the positions...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 352–377.
Published: 01 June 1966
... of migrants was lower than that of natives. This differential was especially great among women. The recent migrants have a greater rate of labor-force participation than the other groups. Among males, the rate for migrants was 84 percent and for natives 78 percent. The differential is even greater...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 401–414.
Published: 01 November 2000
.... Within marriage, fathers are spending more time with their children than in the past, perhaps increasing the total time children spend with parents even as mothers work more hours away from home. 8 2 2011 © Population Association of America 2000 2000 Labor Force Participation Maternal...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (3): 407–421.
Published: 01 August 1974
..., which is directly related to fertility, and the percentage of the population speaking an indigenous language, which shows an inverse relationship. The most important factors acting to reduce total fertility rates over time are increases in life expectancy and declines in the share of the labor force...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (4): 465–486.
Published: 01 November 1981
... the strongest correlates of variations in the index of total fertility because urban-industrialism depressed both the probability of marriage and marital fertility. Other modern characteristics of American states were also important in understanding variations in marital fertility. Low labor force employment...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1233–1247.
Published: 01 August 2022
... in mothers’ labor force participation. Mothers also took on 20% more time in secondary caregiving compared to fathers. Estimates among working parents indicated that the amount of time in which mothers coupled paid work with caregiving increased by 346% compared to fathers. These results highlight how...
Includes: Supplementary data
Published: 16 December 2019
of all states’ labor force participation rates, weighted by state population. In panel b, cohort share is constructed from the CPS monthly basic files by dividing the sum of the CPS survey weights for each age group in each state and year by the total sum of the survey weights for ages 16–69 in each More
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 649–661.
Published: 01 November 1987
... labor force and unemploy- ment. The models do not project the overall level of labor force participation or the total number of persons unemployed. Those are exogenous and must be obtained from an independent source.' Using the projected total labor force and the total number of unemployed as controls...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (4): 545–563.
Published: 01 November 1992
...-fertility decision poses great methodological challenges, and much of the demographic research on this subject has had to be based on models with a unidirectional causality. In the present analysis we model the total labor force participation for a real birth cohort up to a certain age as a function...
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (1): 85–98.
Published: 01 February 1973
...; hence any effect depends upon the marginal productivity on saving that depends upon the size of of labor in the agricultural sector. If the the total labor force can be neglected. In marginal product is zero, the same anal- this period the first, or "terms of trade," ysis applies as in the short run...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 293–309.
Published: 01 March 1967
...). This pro- cedure has come to be known as stepwise regression." The regression which explains 8 For the total of professional, technical, and kindred workers in the experienced labor force, 2 percent was abroad in 1955 and less than i of 1 percent was unreported on mobility status. Dis- cussions of mobility...
Journal Article
Demography (1964) 1 (1): 273–295.
Published: 01 March 1964
... Change White Male Nonwhite Male Total Labor Force 9,220 11,472 24.4 2,746 2,380 -13.3 Unemployed 1,095 465 -57.5 351 169 -51.9 Total employed 8,126 11,007 35.5 2,395 2,211 -7.8 Professional 406 1,024 152.0 37 63 72.8 Farmers 1,869 738 -60.5 621 154 -75.1 Managers 817 1,298 58.9 23 32 37.2 Clerical 963...
Journal Article
Demography (1964) 1 (1): 177–185.
Published: 01 March 1964
... the total urban population or the total non- agrarian labor force of a nation as it is proportionally distributed among that nation's cities. The resulting classification is a hierarchy of cities in terms of distri- bution to the total urban structure. Using this approach for Japanese cities, Tokyo would...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 479–496.
Published: 01 June 1967
... with at least three- fourths of the labor force in non-agricultural pursuits. In the Ukrainian SSR, a city was required to have a total population of at least 10,000; there were no occupational criteria. In the Belorussion and Georgian SSR's, there were no quantitative or functional criteria, but the creation...
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (4): 483–501.
Published: 01 November 1970
.... In this paper, I shall confine myself to analyzing the effects of changing demographie characteristics on total population growth, growth of cities, and labor force. Population Growth Because of the tremendous mortality decline without a subsequent fertility decrease, natural growth rates in Latin American...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (3): 395–414.
Published: 01 August 1985
... that Changing Demographic Composition and Trends in Underemployment 397 Table 1.-Census and March CPS estimates of the age distribution (percent) of the total civilian labor force: 1970 and 1980 1970 1980 1970 1980 1980-1970 1980-1970 Age Census Census CPS CPS Censusa CPSb (1 ) (2) (3) (4) (521) (643) Total-16...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (4): 421–425.
Published: 01 November 1996
... force has grown 40% and the number of service employees has grown 60% since 1975. Manufacturing employment was 27% of total employment in 1965; it lost 3.3 share points per decade to reach 23% in 1975, 19% in 1985, and 16% in 1995 (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 1996a). The geography of manufacturing...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 734–743.
Published: 01 June 1967
.... For a treatment of the consequences of variations in access char- acteristics, see Harvey S. Perloff et al., Regions, Resources and Economic Growth (Lincoln: Univer- sity of Nebraska Press, 1960). Table I.-INDUSTRIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE METROPOLITAN LABOR FORCE, 1950 AND 1960 Percent of total labor force...