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Total Indirect Effect

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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1653–1676.
Published: 28 July 2017
... on academic achievement. Specifically, it uses longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, counterfactual methods, and a value-added modeling strategy to estimate the total, natural direct, and natural indirect effects of exposure to an advantaged rather than disadvantaged neighborhood...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (3): 369–396.
Published: 01 August 1990
... characteristics representing women’s status, the roles of children, and infant mortality. These contextual variables are hypothesized to have direct and indirect (through individual socioeconomic characteristics) effects on current fertility. The contextual variables account for a modest but significant share...
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (2): 189–198.
Published: 01 May 1976
... if the education of the wife is low but not if wife’s education is high. 26 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1976 1976 Family Size Labor Force Participation Labor Force Participation Rate Total Indirect Effect White Wife References Adelman I. ( 1963 ). An Econometric...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 895–920.
Published: 01 June 2022
..., guilt has an indirect effect of 1.2 percentage points and accounts for 68% of religiosity's total effect on women's probability of using condoms. Meanwhile, religiosity's estimated direct effect is attenuated to 0.6 percentage points and is no longer statistically significant. Thus, anticipated sexual...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 393–424.
Published: 25 January 2012
... migration status, social networks, physical health, and mental health are decomposed into three components in Table  8 : (1) total effect of migration on mental health outcomes; (2) the direct effect of migration on mental health outcomes; (3) the indirect effect of migration on mental health through social...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (4): 531–551.
Published: 01 November 1987
... effects of these independent variables on the fertility rate for all models. The total effect of a variable on fertility (col. 1) is the zero-order correlation coefficient. The direct effect (col. 2) is the path coefficient between the independent variable and the TFR. The total indirect effect (col. 3...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 303–321.
Published: 01 May 1991
... and mortality rates. I In this analysis I use measures of life expectancy to examine the influence of socioeconomic conditions on mortality. To accomplish this, I employ a model similar to a path model, in which socioeconomic differentials have an indirect effect on the total racial life expectancy differential...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (1): 1–24.
Published: 01 February 1985
... and their indirect effects via HY and WAT, as well as the total and direct effects of the latter (Alwin and Hauser, 1975).10 Measurement of the Dependent Variable Several methodological problems arise in the use of ratios of children surviving to children ever born in analyses of dif- ferences in mortality...
Journal Article
Demography (1978) 15 (3): 321–336.
Published: 01 August 1978
... on fertility follows the procedure outlined by Alwin and Hauser (1975), in which the total effect of each variable (the standardized regression coefficients in the reduced form of the recursive model) are broken down into direct and indirect ef- fects. Decomposition of the paths for women aged 30 to 34...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 295–318.
Published: 18 December 2017
... by the indirect effect (Δ fam , indirect ) of individuals’ SEP on mortality due to lung cancer, in addition to only 7 % of the observed part of total family influence (Δ fam , obs ). The cumulative explanatory power (Δ fam , indirect + Δ fam , obs ) for other causes of death lies between 10 % (alcohol...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (1): 83–96.
Published: 01 February 1984
..., the addition of these two effects gives the total or exclusive effect that a l t x Direct It+i x-sn r :1 t 1 x+n Ages Indirect x+n Interaction Number of survivors under mortality experience of year t. Number of survivors from age x, under mortality experience of year t+i. Hypothetical number of survivors...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 355–377.
Published: 26 March 2015
... much smaller; the total effect, which is quite small, turns negative. Instead, we find importance of religion to matter more strongly through its indirect effect. This finding seems to indicate that very religious municipalities (i.e., municipalities with a high percentage of the population voting...
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Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 615–635.
Published: 17 October 2012
...) no unmeasured confounding of education and birth weight, and (3) no unmeasured confounding of birth weight and infant mortality. Assumption 1 is required to estimate total educational effects, and all three are necessary for the decomposition into generated direct (Geneletti 2007 ) and indirect effects. Given...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 461–479.
Published: 26 April 2011
... prevalence at these ages was approximately 35% in France and the United Kingdom, 30% in the United States, and 20% in Japan (Forey et al. 2002 ). The effect of cigarette smoking on life expectancy at older ages can be estimated with the indirect Peto-Lopez method, which uses lung cancer mortality...
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Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (2): 199–223.
Published: 01 May 2007
... (United Nations 1983:1). More recently, a chapter on indirect estimation methods in an important text on formal demography (Pres- ton, Heuveline, and Guillot 2000) also totally ignores migration. Demographic texts that do include topics on migration estimation tend to focus on residual methods (e.g...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1221–1250.
Published: 26 July 2017
... effects for both P × YX and P × YY, which complicates the decomposition of indirect pathways. Also, I included the standardized coefficient for all the total legacy effects to gauge the relative explanatory power of each measure. The magnitude of these standardized coefficients for whites is small...
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Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 607–627.
Published: 17 March 2012
... for these variants of the orphanhood method than among males. Aside from these causal effects, there is also a structural effect leading to better survival for women and men with children. Regarding the total number of years lived, and thus life expectancy, deaths at younger ages have a stronger impact than...
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Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (2): 195–205.
Published: 01 May 1974
... General Fertility Rate Total Fertility Rate Indirect Indicator Unexplained Variance References Bogue Donald J. , & Palmore James A. ( 1964 ). Some Empirical and Analytic Relations among Demographic Fertility Measures, with Regression Models for Fertility Estimation...
Journal Article
Demography (1964) 1 (1): 296–315.
Published: 01 March 1964
... 1,000 total population) is closely re- lated to age composition, two communities with identical schedules of age-specific death rates may have very different crude death rates if one has a much higher pro- * The view of standardization set forth in this paper is based in large part on work done...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (1): 97–108.
Published: 01 February 1984
... proportionate decline for younger females. Second, for younger (2) 0.541 -8.165" -2.736 50.257" -6.698 -28.453 -79.049" Indirect -15.169" -16.152 T - n - I ~ Fr,T-n-l i'i d Table l.-Cohort Size Model 1948-1976, Total, Direct and Indirect Effects of Relative Cohort Size on Suicide Rates 102 DEMOGRAPHY, volume 21...