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Total Effect

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Published: 09 March 2017
Fig. 7 Varying the effect sizes of period from 0 % to 100 % of the total APC effect in 20 % increments while keeping cohort effect constant (upper), varying the effect sizes of cohort from 0 % to 100 % of the total APC effect in 20 % increments while keeping period effect constant (lower). When More
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Published: 17 July 2020
Fig. 1 Expected effect of twins on total births More
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Published: 01 April 2023
Fig. 3 Racial differences in the total effects of childhood family instability on young adults' unions (cohabitation, marriage, and union dissolution), by gender More
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Published: 25 March 2014
Fig. 2 Hypothesized effects of lower total fertility and women’s higher median ages at first birth on girls’ well-being: Gender-undifferentiated model More
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Published: 01 June 2023
Fig. 4 Average marginal effects of return group (ref. = stayers) on net total wealth (in 2000 US$), by model More
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (1): 59–77.
Published: 01 February 2007
... educational level among currently young women compared with that in the past, which would accord with ideas about the impact of relative deprivation, the total effect of an education reversal may run in either direction. This possibility has not been explored in earlier studies, which have taken a more static...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 122–137.
Published: 01 March 1968
... the constancy and magnitude of the effect of the program in the second and third years. 13 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1968 1968 Family Planning Total Sample Total Fertility Rate Fertility Decline Family Planning Program References 1 D. J. Bogue, “Inventory...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1653–1676.
Published: 28 July 2017
... on academic achievement. Specifically, it uses longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, counterfactual methods, and a value-added modeling strategy to estimate the total, natural direct, and natural indirect effects of exposure to an advantaged rather than disadvantaged neighborhood...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 753–775.
Published: 06 March 2014
... school diploma. Finally, nonblack adults with a college education were less likely to reside in Texas than in any other location, although the effect was statistically significant only for those with a bachelor’s degree. The total effects for nonblacks in Model 5 reveal a set of findings very similar...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2103–2126.
Published: 30 October 2014
... for unobserved heterogeneity over countries and cohorts. We find that UDL in total increased the incidence of marital breakdown by about 20 %. This finding, however, neglects potential selection effects into marriage. Accordingly, the estimated effect of unilateral divorce laws becomes much larger when we...
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Published: 01 August 2022
. ATE = average total effect. AJE = average joint effect. CDE = controlled direct effect. CME = controlled mediator effect. More
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (1): 1–24.
Published: 01 February 1985
... 2011 © Population Association of America 1985 1985 Ordinary Little Square Total Effect Child Mortality Causal Model Survival Ratio References Almeida W. J. M. ( 1977 ). Abastecimento de água à populaça~o urbana: uma avaliaça~o do PLANASA . Rio de Janeiro : IPEA/INPES...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (2): 233–250.
Published: 01 May 2002
... education of 4 or more years (i.e., 11 or more years in total). The main measure of aggregate education was the average number of years at school among the women in the cluster. (When the woman in focus was excluded, the effect estimates were not perceptibly different.) In addition, some models were...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (2): 159–173.
Published: 01 May 1998
... characteristics of the child and family, we find some evidence that receipt of child support has a positive impact on children’s cognitive test scores over and above its contribution to total income. However, the effects vary by test, by race, and by reason for Father’s absence. Our results also indicate...
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Published: 08 January 2014
Fig. 1 Differential effect of having a native partner on male and female immigrants from GN and GS. The figure displays the total effect of having a partner on workplace exposure for GN and GS men and women in two different estimation strategies. The base category (men without native partner More
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Published: 08 January 2014
Fig. 1 Differential effect of having a native partner on male and female immigrants from GN and GS. The figure displays the total effect of having a partner on workplace exposure for GN and GS men and women in two different estimation strategies. The base category (men without native partner More
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Published: 08 January 2014
Fig. 1 Differential effect of having a native partner on male and female immigrants from GN and GS. The figure displays the total effect of having a partner on workplace exposure for GN and GS men and women in two different estimation strategies. The base category (men without native partner More
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Published: 01 October 2023
Fig. 4 Decomposition of the total contributions of specific educational transitions into the effect and weight components. Effect parameters are cohort- and gender-specific log odds ratios. “Effect parameter” is a technical term in the multiple sequential model and does not imply causality More
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 303–321.
Published: 01 May 1991
...Lloyd B. Potter Abstract Epidemiological transition theory suggests that two populations existing under disparate socioeconomic conditions would have different life expectancies as the result of cause-of-death differences. The effect of racial socioeconomic differentials on the total racial life...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 97–124.
Published: 01 February 2010
...Robert Retherford; Naohiro Ogawa; Rikiya Matsukura; Hassan Eini-Zinab Abstract This article describes a methodology for applying a discrete-time survival model—the complementary log-log model—to estimate effects of socioeconomic variables on (1) the total fertility rate and its components and (2...