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Tempo adjustment

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Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (2): 269–285.
Published: 01 May 2002
...Zeng Yi; Kenneth C. Land Abstract We show that the observed changes in the period tempo of fertility are biased and derive a new formula for adjusting such bias. We present illustrative applications of our proposed method to the cases of the United States and Taiwan. We then describe the relevance...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 841–861.
Published: 04 June 2011
... models, and communicating with nonspecialist audiences. Genuine timing effects are not biasing when period fertility is the explanandum but are distorting when the aim is to estimate cohort fertility. Alternatives to tempo adjustment are available that are a more defensible solution to the issue...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1797–1819.
Published: 19 September 2014
... an accompanying tempo adjustment to determine the period fertility that would have occurred without postponement. Cohort-based postponement spans multiple periods and produces “fertility momentum,” with implications for future fertility rates. We illustrate several methods for model estimation and apply the model...
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Published: 01 August 2021
Fig. 5 Observed TFR and tempo- and parity-adjusted TFR, TFR(BS), in 1990–2018 in the Nordic countries. For Iceland, we use the tempo-adjusted TFR, TFR(BF), for the years up to 2008. Sources: Authors' calculations based on Nordic Statistical Bureaus (2020) and the Human Fertility Database (2020). More
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (1): 1–16.
Published: 01 February 2001
...Hans-Peter Kohler; Dimiter Philipov Abstract Bongaarts and Feeney have recently proposed an adjusted total fertility rate to disentangle tempo effects from changes in the quantum of fertility. We propose an extension to the Bongaarts and Feeney formula that includes variance effects...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 801–819.
Published: 01 November 2004
..., Y.J. and R. Schoen. 1999. “Changes in Timing and the Measurement of Fertility.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, New York, March 25–27. Kim Y.J. ( 2000 ). On the Quantum and Tempo of Fertility: Limits to the Bongaarts-Feeney Adjustment...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (1): 17–28.
Published: 01 February 2001
.... , & Keilman , N. ( 2000 ). On the Quantum and Tempo of Fertility: Comment . Population and Development Review , 26 , 549 – 53 . 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2000.00549.x Zeng , Y. i. , & Land , K.C. ( 2000 ). Adjustment for Bias in Observed Changes in Period Tempo of Fertility...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1373–1399.
Published: 01 August 2021
...Fig. 5 Observed TFR and tempo- and parity-adjusted TFR, TFR(BS), in 1990–2018 in the Nordic countries. For Iceland, we use the tempo-adjusted TFR, TFR(BF), for the years up to 2008. Sources: Authors' calculations based on Nordic Statistical Bureaus (2020) and the Human Fertility Database (2020). ...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (2): 259–273.
Published: 01 May 2005
... American Mothers." Sociological Forum 17:423-43. Kohler, H.P., F.C. Billari, and J.A. Ortega. 2002. "The Emergence of Lowest-Low Fertility in Eu- rope During the 1990s." Population and Development Review 28:641-80. Kohler, H.P. and J.A. Ortega. 2002. "Tempo-Adjusted Period Parity Progression Measures...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 631–654.
Published: 01 April 2021
... – 680 . Kohler H.-P. , & Ortega J. A. ( 2002 ). Tempo-adjusted period parity progression measures: Assessing the implications of delayed childbearing for cohort fertility in Sweden, the Netherlands and Spain . Demographic Research , 6 , 145 – 190 . https://doi.org/10.4054...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 1035–1059.
Published: 12 May 2015
... ). Tempo effects and their relevance in demographic analysis . Comparative Population Studies , 35 , 415 – 446 . Luy , M. , & Wegner , C. H. ( 2009 ). Conventional versus tempo-adjusted life expectancy: Which is the more appropriate measure for period mortality? . Genus , 65 , 1...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 1059–1080.
Published: 22 June 2011
... immigration to the United States . Demography , 41 , 129 – 150 . 10.1353/dem.2004.0006 Kohler H. P. , & Ortega J. A. ( 2002 ). Tempo-adjusted period parity progression measures, fertility postponement and completed cohort fertility . Demographic Research , 6 ( article 6 ), 91 – 144...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (2): 511–534.
Published: 15 February 2018
...Sharon Sassler; Katherine Michelmore; Zhenchao Qian Abstract Much research on cohabitation has focused on transitions from cohabitation to marriage or dissolution, but less is known about how rapidly women progress into cohabitation, what factors are associated with the tempo to shared living...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (4): 1451–1475.
Published: 04 July 2014
... (Bongaarts and Potter 1983 :156). The tempo ( F T ) effect of the rising mean age at childbearing is estimated as suggested by Bongaarts and Feeney ( 1998 ). This adjustment factor provides an estimate of the TFR that would result if there were no changes in the timing of births. The adjusted TFR...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 97–124.
Published: 01 February 2010
... of fertility, and mean and median ages at first marriage and mean and median closed birth intervals by birth order as measures of the tempo or timing of fertility. The focus is on effects of predictor variables on these measures rather than on coefficients, which are often difficult to interpret in the complex...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 877–894.
Published: 01 June 2022
.... , & Schoen R. ( 2000 ). On the quantum and tempo of fertility: Limits to the Bongaarts-Feeney adjustment . Population and Development Review , 26 , 554 – 559 . Lesthaeghe R. , & Willems P. ( 1999 ). Is low fertility a temporary phenomenon in the European Union? Population...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (4): 589–603.
Published: 01 November 2003
... way, but these effects are small and do not vary in this illustration. The last three factors the tempo effect, infecundity, and competition are poten- tially powerful in explaining very low fertility. Bongaarts and Feeney (1998) showed that adjustments for fertility delay (Ft), the postponement...
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 251–266.
Published: 01 April 2024
... overdose to educational gradients in life expectancy in the United States, 1992–2011 . Demography , 54 , 1175 – 1202 . Kohler H.-P. , & Ortega J. A. ( 2002 ). Tempo-adjusted period parity progression measures, fertility postponement and completed cohort fertility . Demographic...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (4): 675–692.
Published: 01 November 2005
... We Trust Differences-in-Differences Estimates? . Quarterly Journal of Economics , 119 , 249 – 75 . 10.1162/003355304772839588 Bongaarts , J. , & Feeney , G. ( 1998 ). On the Quantum and Tempo of Fertility . Population and Development Review , 24 , 271 – 92 . 10.2307...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (2): 563–582.
Published: 01 April 2023
... on women aged 40 and older, I calculate each cohort's number of children and the share of women never married or childless rather than adjusting period measures to account for tempo effects. 3 Even without significant tempo effects, cohort outcomes also have the advantage of being straightforward...
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Includes: Supplementary data