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Synthetic Cohort

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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (4): 1383–1407.
Published: 23 June 2015
... Administration, we estimate the 50-year work career effects of education on lifetime earnings for men and women. By overcoming the purely synthetic cohort approach, our results provide a more realistic appraisal of actual patterns of lifetime earnings. Detailed estimates are provided for gross lifetime earnings...
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Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (2): 213–227.
Published: 01 May 1991
...Ian M. Timæus Abstract This paper extends earlier research into methods for estimating adult mortality from information on the recent incidence of orphanhood. It presents a series of regression coefficients for estimating female and male mortality from synthetic cohort data on the subsequent...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (4): 487–509.
Published: 01 November 1981
... the data source is a cross-sectional survey, the length of open interval is inherently different for real and for synthetic cohorts, it is strongly related to reproductive intention, and that affects the classification of exposure to risk in the open interval. 7 1 2011 © Population Association...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (2): 309–320.
Published: 01 May 1972
...John P. Bongaarts; William D. O'Neill Abstract A synthetic cohort of women is followed from birth through childbearing age. The transition from parity i to parity i + 1 is quantitatively described utilizing systems analysis theory. This description results in a parametrization of the renewal...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 1203–1213.
Published: 10 April 2017
...; and lifespan variation plays a very limited role in explaining educational gradients in mortality. I also discuss the key role that educational expansion may play in driving future changes in mortality gradients. Because of shifting education distributions, within an education-specific synthetic cohort, older...
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Published: 23 June 2015
Fig. 3 Comparison of 10-year cumulative earnings estimates using self-reported earnings (a synthetic cohort method) and longitudinal administrative tax earnings records for the same individuals (a semi-synthetic cohort method), by level of education and by gender More
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Published: 19 September 2014
Fig. 1 A hypothetical fertility contour map with cohort shifts. Cohort fertility is unchanged during the shift, but synthetic cohort fertility is compressed during the shift years. a The trajectories of two cohorts. The first completes fertility before shifts begin. The second undergoes More
Journal Article
Demography (1978) 15 (4): 433–458.
Published: 01 November 1978
...Norman B. Ryder Abstract Data from the 1965 and 1970 National Fertility Studies are used to produce classifications of births and exposure to births by planning status for real and synthetic marriage cohorts, covering the experience of the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s. Indices of reproductive input...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 977–1003.
Published: 01 August 2023
... types of life tables: real, synthetic, and projected. Within each type, we estimate the lifetime risk of incarceration for all individuals, all men, White men, Hispanic men, and Black men. We estimate the life tables for 21 single-year birth cohorts of individuals born in 1981–2001. Throughout...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (2): 411–430.
Published: 01 April 2023
...), calculates the first union survival rates under assumptions from incomplete marriage histories. It then uses the relationships between life table functions to calculate the distribution of marriages ending each year for a given marriage cohort. ILTUD is a synthetic cohort measure. A long-standing concern...
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Includes: Supplementary data
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Published: 01 August 2023
Fig. 6 Real and projected cumulative risk of incarceration for Black men in the United States, 1999–2019. Authors' calculations are from multiple-decrement life tables for real and synthetic cohort risks of incarceration in state or federal prison. Solid lines are real cohort estimates More
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1601–1614.
Published: 19 August 2011
... must create synthetic cohorts when respondents enter the sample at different ages. The shaded cells in the table represent the first age at which each respondent was actually observed in our fictitious panel. For example, Respondent 24 experienced the repeatable event at ages 26, 27, and 29 but entered...
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Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (3): 377–385.
Published: 01 August 1999
... years that adults would spend as parents. I use a multistate life table to project the time spent in parenthood for a synthetic cohort. I focus on variation between groups for whom previous research has noted differences in fertility and the likelihood of having cus- tody of dependent children. PREVIOUS...
Journal Article
Demography (1969) 6 (3): 243–260.
Published: 01 August 1969
.... This development has gone so far that the main question remaining is not whether young people will ever marry, but at what age they will marry. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1969 1969 Death Probability Single Life Synthetic Cohort Early Forty Nonwhite Male References...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (3): 429–441.
Published: 01 August 1988
... of the actual cohort at age a to the size of the synthetic cohort is simply N(a, t) fa In-- = - r(x, t) dx, n(a, t) 0 (10) from equation (2). Equation (10) implies that the current age distribution can be obtained by deriving the underlying stationary distribution and converting it into the actual distribution...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 841–861.
Published: 04 June 2011
..., are known as synthetic cohort or hypothetical cohort measures. The TFR has no theoretical status, having been devised for purely practical ends. As an indicator of period fertility, it has several defects that are touched on only briefly in this article (but see Ní Bhrolcháin 1992 , 2008...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 921–947.
Published: 01 June 2022
... expectancy. This single summary measure of the average quality of life represents the average number of years that a synthetic cohort of individuals would expect to live lonely beyond a given age if exposed to prevailing age-specific rates of mortality and prevalence of loneliness. We are unaware of any...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1797–1819.
Published: 19 September 2014
...Fig. 1 A hypothetical fertility contour map with cohort shifts. Cohort fertility is unchanged during the shift, but synthetic cohort fertility is compressed during the shift years. a The trajectories of two cohorts. The first completes fertility before shifts begin. The second undergoes...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (5): 1499–1509.
Published: 08 August 2016
... counts can be used to calculate age-specific first-time imprisonment risks, which, combined over a hypothetical lifetime, yield synthetic cohort estimates of the cumulative risk of imprisonment. Tables  1 and 2 and Figs.  1 and 2 report cumulative risks of imprisonment and parental imprisonment...
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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 171–194.
Published: 09 January 2020
... to higher marriage rates. Because marriages rates are not expressed in a particularly intuitive metric, we also use life table techniques to describe the cumulative probability of first marriage for synthetic cohorts of men and women assumed to follow the observed or counterfactual marriage rates...
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