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Substantial Advantage

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Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (4): 591–592.
Published: 01 November 1977
.... In general, however, the greater power of the matrix formulation and its more explicit recognition of both age and region give it substantial advantages over the scalar model. 16 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1977 1977 Life Table Scalar Model Flow Equation Substantial...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 763–784.
Published: 05 March 2019
...-reported measures of health widened substantially with age, consistent with the cumulative (dis)advantage hypothesis. For grip strength, education differences were small and changed little with age, inconsistent with the hypothesis. Among women, education differences in both self-reported measures...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1653–1676.
Published: 28 July 2017
... composition of neighborhoods and schools. Moving from a disadvantaged neighborhood to an advantaged neighborhood is therefore expected to substantially reduce subsequent exposure to school poverty for most students. Research on the causal link between school poverty and student achievement, on the other hand...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 1–23.
Published: 18 September 2012
... to capture trends in parental investment from 1972 to 2007. Rather than considering the “cost” of raising children, we focus on expenditures intended for children, which approximate parents’ monetary investment in their children and presumably account for some substantial portion of the advantages...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (1): 175–200.
Published: 13 January 2017
...Fernando Riosmena; Randall Kuhn; Warren C. Jochem Abstract Despite being newcomers, immigrants often exhibit better health relative to native-born populations in industrialized societies. We extend prior efforts to identify whether self-selection and/or protection explain this advantage. We examine...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1699–1709.
Published: 01 December 2023
...–nonmetropolitan classifications. We find substantial variation at the intersection of region, race, and ethnicity, revealing heterogeneity in the rural penalty and—in some cases—a rural mortality advantage. For the Black/African American population, the rural mortality penalty is observed only in the South...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 223–247.
Published: 30 November 2017
... children is larger for girls. Boys in slums do not have a higher probability of survival than rural boys, whereas slum girls appear to have a survival advantage over rural girls. We argue that the large number of missing girls in slums and urban areas indicates a substantial son preference selection, which...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (3): 393–409.
Published: 01 August 1989
... and indirectly on exiting events and whether occupations constrain traditional determinants of labor force participation. Based on a discrete-time hazard modeling approach, the results substantiate that the occupational task activities—substantive complexity and physical demands— are key...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (1): 109–128.
Published: 01 February 2004
..., Mexico, Puerto Rico, other foreign countries, and the United States. We found that corrections for data errors in vital and census records lead to substantial changes in death rates for Hispanics and that conventionally constructed Hispanic death rates are lower than rates based on Medicare-NUMIDENT...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (3): 585–605.
Published: 01 August 2004
... from the American Housing Survey, we found substantial and significant gaps in housing equity for blacks and Hispanics (but not for Asians) compared with whites, even after we controlled for a wide range of locational, life-cycle, socioeconomic, family, immigrant, and mortgage characteristics...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 773–800.
Published: 01 November 2004
...W. Parker Frisbie; Seung-eun Song; Daniel A. Powers; Julie A. Street Abstract Although substantial declines in infant mortality rates have occurred across racial/ethnic groups, there has been a marked increase in relative black-white disparity in the risk of infant death over the past two decades...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (2): 257–261.
Published: 01 May 1972
... exert an influence on mobility. To assess the influence of supply factors, new labor force entrants and withdrawals, along with labor demand variables, were regressed against gross in- and out-migration rates. The results confirmed the hypothesis that labor mobility is substantially influenced...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1273–1301.
Published: 10 July 2019
...Lawrence M. Berger; Jason N. Houle Abstract Debt is now a substantial aspect of family finances. Yet, research on how household debt is linked with child development has been limited. We use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 cohort and hierarchical linear models to estimate...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1109–1134.
Published: 06 July 2016
... immigrant populations (such as California and New York City), the impacts can be more substantial. In fact, Preston and Elo ( 2014 ) showed that the two-year advantage in life expectancy at birth in New York City in 2010, relative to the rest of the country, is entirely attributable to the city’s large...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (6): 1693–1715.
Published: 01 November 2016
... % over the past quarter-century while increasing substantially for vulnerable population subgroups. In 2012, among black and white less-educated and younger women, midpregnancy-married births accounted for approximately 20 % to 25 % of married first births. The increasing representation of midpregnancy...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1335–1357.
Published: 01 October 2023
.... In our sample, only 2.9% of those residing in France at baseline out-migrated during the follow-up period. Even though these returnees experienced substantial excess mortality, their demographic weight is too small to reverse the advantage experienced by the overwhelming majority of those who stayed...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1037–1060.
Published: 17 May 2012
... qualitative judgments in these contexts. We show how to use such methods, enabling researchers to forecast using far more information, such as the known risk factors of smoking and obesity and known demographic patterns. Including this extra information makes a substantial difference. For example...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 231–250.
Published: 01 April 2024
...Wei-hsin Yu; Janet Chen-Lan Kuo Abstract U.S. women's age at first birth has increased substantially. Yet, little research has considered how this changing behavior may have affected the motherhood pay penalty, or the wage decrease with a child's arrival, experienced by the current generation...
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Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (1): 111–132.
Published: 01 February 1996
... were employed at jobs for which English was not particu- larly useful. Self-employment created a substantial advantage for Whites and Asians in 1980 (about 16% and 20% respec- tively), but only a slight advantage by 1991. For Coloureds, self-employment yielded no advantage in 1980 and a slight...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (3): 957–982.
Published: 14 June 2011
.... 2005 ). Accounting for fathers’ multiple-partner fertility substantially decreases estimates of the amount of child support that could potentially be collected (Sinkewicz and Garfinkel 2009 ). In this article, we document the incidence and evolution of family complexity from the perspective...
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Includes: Supplementary data