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Subjective Expectation

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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 1–29.
Published: 01 February 2021
..., survey design, and experiment setup. Copyright © 2021 The Authors 2021 This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Interviewer effects Survey methodology Subjective expectations Risk beliefs Spillovers Demographic...
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Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 95–113.
Published: 01 February 2008
... additional information to demographers and policymakers in their challenge to predict mortality. From expectations data from the 1992 Health and Retirement Study (HRS), I construct subjective, cohort life tables that are shown to predict the unusual direction of revisions to U.S. life expectancy by gender...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1011–1036.
Published: 29 June 2012
.... For example, receiving an HIV-negative test result implies higher subjective expectations about being HIV-positive after two years, and individuals tend to have larger prediction errors about their HIV status after learning their HIV status. If individuals in HIV-negative couples also learn the status...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 569–589.
Published: 15 November 2012
... interpretation that men accurately forecasted increases in their life expectancy. However, a strict interpretation of men’s subjective forecasts as predictions of future survival rates again implies an unusual prediction: the stability of the average of P 85 from 1992 to 2006 implies that men aged 50 to 65...
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Published: 21 September 2018
Fig. 2 Average self-assessed health (SAH), average subjective life expectancy (SLE) and life table LE, and average subjective uncertainty on longevity (SUL), by age and relationship between SLE against SUL More
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 673–699.
Published: 09 March 2017
... specifications. We then compare the survival measures with objective measures of health. We find that activities of daily life, height, and low hemoglobin levels covary with subjective expectations in expected directions. 1 2 2017 9 3 2017 © The Author(s) 2017 2017 Open Access This article...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1829–1854.
Published: 21 September 2018
...Fig. 2 Average self-assessed health (SAH), average subjective life expectancy (SLE) and life table LE, and average subjective uncertainty on longevity (SUL), by age and relationship between SLE against SUL ...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 1203–1213.
Published: 10 April 2017
...Arun S. Hendi Abstract Several recent articles have reported conflicting conclusions about educational differences in life expectancy, and this is partly due to the use of unreliable data subject to a numerator-denominator bias previously reported as ranging from 20 % to 40 %. This article presents...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (3): 797–827.
Published: 01 June 2024
..., and younger adults who have more resources but also face higher caregiving burdens (raising a child or caring for aging parents, which is culturally expected of sons in China) might have better subjective health if they have a sibling to help provide support. We also examined the implications of sibling...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 267–281.
Published: 01 April 2024
...Cayley Ryan-Claytor; Ashton Verdery Abstract Originally developed for estimating healthy life expectancy, the traditional Sullivan method continues to be a popular tool for obtaining point-in-time estimates of the population impacts of a wide range of health and social conditions. However, except...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1683–1711.
Published: 01 October 2022
... migration and that association will decrease with the duration since their return. Hypothesis 2 (H2): The association between alters' migration/residence experience and first-migration likelihood will be moderated by the subjective strength of ties between alters and the ego. We expect that for Dakar...
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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 955–978.
Published: 15 June 2016
... toward career and family, and expectations about how childbearing can affect their subjective well-being. These differences impact fertility decisions and the effect of parenthood on an individual’s life satisfaction. We define three groups of people based on their family orientations: Traditional, Mixed...
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Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (1): 111–115.
Published: 01 February 1983
...S. Mitra Abstract Building upon an idea presented by Espenshade, Bouvier and Arthur (1982) about the eventual stationarity of a population subjected to a net reproduction rate of less than one and a constant stream of immigration, this note reports the consequences upon the birth trajectory for all...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 393–415.
Published: 01 June 1966
...} This formula has been used both with total populations and with aging cohorts. The principal variations of the basic formula have involved the use of life table and census survival ratios as a means of measuring natural increase (B − D), or of estimating “expected” populations assuming no migration. The main...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 710–720.
Published: 01 June 1967
... are remarkably high, particularly after that son has survived the first two years of life. When cohort tables are used, reflecting expected mortality improvements, the probabilities are even higher. In general, it is found that the probability that a two-year-old son will outlive his father is 80% or better...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1377–1400.
Published: 01 November 2011
... probability of survival from the respondent’s current age at the time of the survey to a given target age. Clearly, subjective probabilities of survival do not measure the same concept as observations of actual survival. They convey expectations about a future outcome (i.e., survival) not yet observed...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 187–206.
Published: 01 February 2022
... ; Hurd et al. 1998 ; Hurd et al. 2004 ; Perozek 2008 ). Precisely how observations of mortality progress influence people's subjective survival expectations and uncertainty about the timing of death is an intriguing question that warrants further investigation ( Sasson 2016 ). Individuals might base...
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Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (4): 579–588.
Published: 01 November 1990
... , B. D. ( 1979 ). Subjective Expected Utility and the Prediction of Birth-Planning Decisions . Organizational Behavior and Human Performance , 24 , 18 – 28 . 10.1016/0030-5073(79)90012-6 Beach , L. R. , Hope , A. , Townes , B. D. , & Campbell , F. L. ( 1982...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (2): 269–293.
Published: 26 January 2016
... sciences is the association between education and adult mortality. Highly educated Americans are subjected to lower mortality rates and consequently have a higher life expectancy than their less-educated counterparts (Hummer and Lariscy 2011 ). The education-mortality gradient is not only pervasive...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (4): 1529–1558.
Published: 27 July 2017
... analyses of our DAX measure is that mature adults in rural Malawi can expect to live a significant fraction of their remaining life expectancy subject to some anxiety and depression (Fig. 3 ). The model estimates that, on average, a 45-year-old woman will live almost 55 % of her remaining life with some...
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Includes: Supplementary data