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Social Security System

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Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 67–81.
Published: 01 February 1997
...Ronald Lee; Shripad Tuljapurkar Abstract We analyze in three steps the influence of the projected mortality decline on the long run finances of the Social Security System. First, on a theoretical level, mortality decline adds person years of life which are distributed across the life cycle...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 416–422.
Published: 01 June 1966
... to examine migration as a cohort process has been hampered by the character of available data [or the United States. Rather than await the development of a registration system—either directly or via social security and tax records—the collection of residence histories is suggested as the most feasible...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 1071–1092.
Published: 01 June 2022
... work visas, and legal residence visas. The models reveal how the accumulation of entry mode–specific social and human capital powered a system of undocumented migration that emerged between 1965 and 1985, and how that system deteriorated from 1985 to 2000. After 2000, employers took advantage of new...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2001–2024.
Published: 01 November 2017
... among Hispanics, often called the “Hispanic paradox.” Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Older Men matched to death records in both the U.S. Vital Statistics system and the Social Security Death Index, we demonstrate that even small rates of missing mortality matching plausibly lead...
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Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 545–547.
Published: 01 June 1966
... medical insurance program (8MI) is not a social insurance system like HI and OA8DI, but rather it is an individual, voluntary insurance pro- gram with government subsidy. The bene- fits provided relate primarily to physician services, regardless of whether in home, office, or hospital; they also include...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 603–630.
Published: 13 March 2017
..., and social security, including pension portability. 12 It is unlikely that a single policy instrument makes a particular destination country more or less attractive for high-skilled migrants, but rather combinations of immigration policies that establish cross-country variation of immigration systems...
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Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S131–S149.
Published: 01 March 2010
... two key results (reported in detail in Gruber and Wise [1999]: (1) the social security systems in many countries provide enormous incen- tives to leave the labor force at older ages, and (2) there is a strong correspondence between social security incentives to retire and the withdrawal of older...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (1): 127–137.
Published: 01 February 1992
... organization in Belo Horizonte and the national social security systems in Lima and La Paz The three populations share a number of sociodemographic characteristics. They are all urban, are predominantly working-class and lower middle-class, and include both working women and wives of working men. They show...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (3): 353–360.
Published: 01 August 1991
... . Washington, DC : The Urban Institute . Hauser , R. ( 1987 ). Comparing the Influence of Social Security Systems on the Relative Economic Positions of Selected Groups: The Case of One-Parent Families in Six Major Industrialized Countries . European Economic Review , 31 , 192 – 201 . 10.1016...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (4): 629–644.
Published: 01 November 1975
... spending more than five percent of their gross national product on social security programs, only one (Portugal) could be considered as underdeveloped (based on per capita income). Further- more, social security systems have de- veloped in all modern industrialized nations, regardless of their political...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (4): 727–739.
Published: 01 November 2003
.... First, extant data, both from vital records and from the social security system, have been faulted for misreporting ages and, in particular, for exaggerating ages (Alpert et al. 1999). Second, the means that have been most commonly used to determine whether a report of exceptional longevity is correct...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1853–1879.
Published: 25 August 2020
... an international perspective. The design of WD insurance systems is a challenging task for policy-makers (Autor and Duggan 2003 , 2006 , 2010 ; Burkhauser et al. 1999 ; de Jong et al. 2011 ; Haveman and Wolfe 2000 ). Like almost all elements of modern social security systems, DI faces a trade-off (Aarts...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 83–95.
Published: 01 February 1997
..., however, does not rely on these trends; rather it considers the incen- tive effects inherent in pension and Social Security provi- sions. Many researchers have pointed to the Social Security system's high benefit levels and work disincentives as a ma- jor contributor to the continuing trend toward early...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (2): 193–209.
Published: 01 May 1996
...) is only 0.74. Social Security age shows the smallest systematic dis- crepancy with ages from the other two sources. Third, age verification requirements for receipt of ben- efits in the Social Security system have been fairly strict since November 1965, or for persons born after approxi- mately 1900...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1037–1060.
Published: 17 May 2012
..., the trust funds have amassed large surpluses in preparation for the aging population. Since 1954, Social Security has consisted of two separate programs, OASI and SSDI, and operates as a partially advanced funded (modified pay-as-you-go) system in which workers’ earnings are subject to OASI and SSDI...
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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1345–1368.
Published: 19 May 2020
...’ living arrangements. In 1997, Mexico changed its social security system from a defined benefit (DB) system to a defined contribution (DC) system with personal retirement accounts (Aguila 2011 ). A DB plan is equivalent to a pay-as-you-go system, such as the U.S. Social Security system...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 537–549.
Published: 01 November 2001
... of the elderly population far into the future. Public pension policies are the prime example: fundamental changes have been proposed for the U.S. Social Security system in part because of a projected financial crisis 37 years from now, caused by population aging. Old-age dependency ratios are the key variable...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 729–749.
Published: 06 June 2015
... Act of 1935. That act created three programs: the old-age retirement program that is often simply called “Social Security,” the Unemployment Insurance (UI) system, and the Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) program (its name was changed to Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1962...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2187–2213.
Published: 01 December 2022
..., strenuous jobs and equity in the social security system: First evidence from the Work Histories Italian Panel] . Epidemiologia e Prevenzione , 34 ( 4 ), 150 – 158 . Lesnard L. ( 2010 ). Setting cost in optimal matching to uncover contemporaneous socio-temporal patterns . Sociological Methods...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1369–1391.
Published: 10 June 2020
... of the social security system is deconstructing the old-age care function of the traditional lineal household and allowing the Chinese elderly to live more independently (Yong and Yuan 2014 ). The impact of institutional change through the demographic process seems to promote the transfer of the household...
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