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Skin color

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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 321–343.
Published: 08 November 2018
...Raymundo M. Campos-Vazquez; Eduardo M. Medina-Cortina Abstract In many Latin American countries, census data on race and skin color are scarce or nonexistent. In this study, we contribute to understanding how skin color affects intergenerational social mobility in Mexico. Using a novel data set, we...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 753–762.
Published: 09 January 2019
... a family fixed-effects analytic strategy. We find that even after we account for common family background and home environment, body mass index, age, sex, and outdoor activity, darker skin color significantly predicts hypertension incidence among siblings. In a supplementary analysis using newly released...
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 08 November 2018
Fig. 3 Relationship between current and parents’ household wealth by skin color. The figure shows the resulting OLS estimates of the relationship between the percentile wealth ranking of adults ( y -axis) and the percentile ranking of their parents ( x -axis) for three skin tone groups. Based More
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Published: 08 November 2018
Fig. 5 Relationship between skin color and socioeconomic results. The figure includes various components. Bars in both panels show the average years of schooling (a) and hourly wage (b) by skin color group. Coefficients above the bars were obtained using regression analysis. Five skin tone More
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1791–1819.
Published: 01 October 2022
... concentrated among Black Americans with darker skin color? Novel hypotheses are tested with biosocial panel data from Add Health, a nationally representative cohort of Black and White adolescents who have transitioned to adulthood. We find that White and light-skin Black respondents report improved health...
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Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (3): 497–521.
Published: 01 August 2005
... to neighborhoods with relatively large Anglo populations, and the generational and socioeconomic differences that are anticipated by the classical assimilation model emerge more strongly for Mexicans than for Puerto Ricans or Cubans. Among Puerto Ricans and Cubans, darker skin color inhibits mobility into Anglo...
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Published: 08 November 2018
Fig. 4 Rank-rank unconditional quantile intergenerational association by skin color. The figure provides a quantile regression assessment of the dispersion of children’s income around the central tendency at different levels of parents’ income by skin color. Based on the regression analysis More
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Published: 08 November 2018
Fig. 2 Percentage of adults in the sample within each wealth quintile by skin color. Source: Figure prepared by the authors using the SSM-2015 data set. More
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 705–726.
Published: 20 March 2020
... nonworking individuals from this analysis. As a sensitivity test for resulting bias, I examine whether dark skin tone is associated with nonworking status, including but not limited to unemployment among respondents who have valid skin color information and were in the labor force. Similar to Monk ( 2014...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1185–1205.
Published: 21 July 2016
... labeling means that a sizable number of siblings—even twins—are labeled as different races. Racial identification in Brazil is largely based on phenotypic traits, such as skin color, nose shape, and hair type; thus, individuals often are not considered “racially pure” but instead are “relatively white...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 569–571.
Published: 01 November 2001
... and demographic processes researchers must be vigilant not to commit the errors of the past by misusing race as a variable. 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2001 2001 Birth Weight Skin Color Causal Effect Racial Difference Causal Inference References J. Adams...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 337–358.
Published: 19 January 2012
... by skin color in Brazil . American Sociological Review , 57 , 186 – 197 . 10.2307/2096204 Telles E. ( 1994 ). Industrialization and racial inequality in employment: The Brazilian example . American Sociological Review , 59 , 46 – 63 . 10.2307/2096132 Telles E. ( 1995...
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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 763–772.
Published: 01 April 2021
.... , Blosnich J. R. , Herman J. L. , & Meyer I. H. ( 2019 ). Considerations on sampling in transgender health disparities research . LGBT Health , 6 , 267 – 270 . Hunter M. L. ( 2002 ). ‘If you're light you're alright’—Light skin color as social capital for women of color...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 465–474.
Published: 01 November 1998
...: Underlying Problems . In E.S. de Sá Barreto , & D.M.L. Zibas (Eds.), Brazilian Issues on Education, Gender and Race (pp. 189 – 214 ). São Paulo : The Carlos Chagas Foundation . Ransford , H.E. ( 1970 ). Skin Color, Life Chances and Anti-White Attitude . Social Problems...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1921–1942.
Published: 20 April 2013
... now. With pairs of observations for the same individual, we can begin to untangle the direction of causality. If, for example, being lighter-skinned gave Americans with African ancestry advantages only through inherited privilege and color preferences, then increases in social status should...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (4): 763–790.
Published: 01 November 2002
... relations than did skin color (Reichmann 1999). In stark contrast to South Africa, there was virtually no legislation dealing with race after the abolition of slavery in 1888. The geographic patterning of slavery and European immigration to Brazil led to marked variation in regional distributions of color...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 573–576.
Published: 01 November 2001
... frequen- cies for various genetic loci? The answer must be affirmative. It is self-evidently true of the genes that influence skin color. Contrary to the suggestion made in one critique, a good deal is known about the genetics of skin pigmentation. An allele of the melanocortin 1 receptor gene (MC1R...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 835–856.
Published: 09 May 2014
.... , & Wood , C. H. ( 1998 ). Skin color, racial identity, and life chances in Brazil . Latin American Perspectives , 25 , 90 – 109 . 10.1177/0094582X9802500305 Lovell , P. A. ( 1999 ). Development and the persistence of racial inequality in Brazil: 1950–1991 . The Journal of Developing...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 993–1012.
Published: 04 December 2012
..., shifting the burden of obesity toward low-SES individuals (i.e., more negative SES-BMI gradients). 6 One possibility that we explored (as an alternative to self-identified race) was to control for skin color as a way of capturing the role of the U.S.-based racial stratification system...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 141–172.
Published: 10 September 2013
... the influences of bio-ancestry. Why does bio-ancestry match self-classification of race? After all, individuals typically do not have access to their genetic information. An argument can be made that bio-ancestry underlies phenotypic features (e.g., skin tone, hair color, hair texture, and facial features...
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