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Sex differences in mortality

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Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (1): 45–65.
Published: 01 February 2003
... influence of gender equality and the stage of cigarette diffusion on sex differences in rates of lung cancer mortality. Nonetheless, it makes sense to test the arguments by exam- ining the relationships of lung cancer mortality to gender equality and the diffusion of cigarette use without measuring...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (3): 555–578.
Published: 01 August 2010
...Richard G. Rogers; Bethany G. Everett; Jarron M. Saint Onge; Patrick M. Krueger Abstract Few studies have examined whether sex differences in mortality are associated with different distributions of risk factors or result from the unique relationships between risk factors and mortality for men...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (4): 631–646.
Published: 01 November 2006
...Samuel H. Preston; Haidong Wang Abstract This article demonstrates that over the period 1948–2003, sex differences in mortality in the age range 50–84 widened and then narrowed on a cohort basis rather than on a period basis. The cohort with the maximum excess of male mortality was born shortly...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (6): 2053–2056.
Published: 02 November 2015
...Roland Pongou 6 10 2015 2 11 2015 © Population Association of America 2015 2015 Questions about the causes of sex differences in mortality have occupied statisticians, biologists, and social scientists since pioneer demographer John Graunt ( 1662 ) discovered, through his...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (2): 189–214.
Published: 01 May 2005
... on male mortality. The greater effects of smoking-related conditions on men s health may be due to their higher rates ofsmoking throughout their lives. Research on sex differences in health in a large number of countries has brought to light an important paradox: women use more health services and report...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (6): 2307–2321.
Published: 20 November 2019
... the mechanism involved, this study extends existing decomposition methods. The extended method decomposes change in the sex gap in life expectancy at birth into three components capturing the effects of the sex difference in mortality improvement (ρ-effect), life table deaths density by age ( f -effect...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 421–444.
Published: 14 November 2012
...Roland Pongou Abstract Infant mortality is higher in boys than girls in most parts of the world. This has been explained by sex differences in genetic and biological makeup, with boys being biologically weaker and more susceptible to diseases and premature death. At the same time, recent studies...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1563–1591.
Published: 07 June 2013
...-mortality countries and demonstrated sex differences in these patterns, which also changed across period and cohort. These results suggest that the interaction between aging and death is more complicated than what is usually assumed from the Gompertz law and also challenge existing biodemographic hypotheses...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 835–862.
Published: 21 March 2019
...-marriage trajectories between 1960 and 1980, it has played a relatively smaller role in driving change in marital trajectories between 1980 and 2010. Instead, factors such as later age at first marriage, educational expansion, declining mortality, narrowing sex differences in mortality, and more intense...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (2): 177–195.
Published: 01 May 1983
... and of groom, and by age differences between spouses. Although the current inequality in the risks of widowhood and widowerhood for the average couple is mostly due to sex differences in mortality, a one year age difference between spouses has about the same impact as does a one year difference in life...
Published: 01 February 2023
Fig. 3 Mortality trajectories for six different sex-specific populations during different years. Panel a shows the risk of dying over chronological ages. Panel b depicts the risk of dying over survivorship ages. Black crosses indicate the location of s-age x ( .80 ) . Note More
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (4): 477–488.
Published: 01 November 2000
..., or excess female mortality throughout the life course as the factors underlying the level of the overall sex ratio; these arguments have not been resolved. Based on population projections that simulate population dynamics, our findings show that small differences in mortality at young ages, persisting over...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (2): 325–339.
Published: 01 May 2009
... the possibility of naturally occurring sex differences in survival and possible differences between investments in their importance for survival. Consistent with existing literature, I find significant excess female mortality in childhood, particularly between the ages of 1 and 5, and argue that the sex imbalance...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 271–296.
Published: 01 May 1994
...Timothy B. Gage Abstract The trends in 13 cause of death categories are examined with respect to expectation of life, sex differences, and period effects while misclassification of cause of death is controlled. The results suggest that as mortality declines, 1) the increasingly U-shaped age pattern...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (2): 313–326.
Published: 01 May 2010
... Differences in Marriage and Female Longevity . Journal of Marriage and the Family , 51 , 195 – 202 . 10.2307/352380 Luy M. ( 2002 ). Die geschlechtsspezifischen Sterblichkeitsunterschiede—Zeit für eine Zwischenbilanz” [Sex differences in mortality—Time to take a second look] . Zeitschrift...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2013–2024.
Published: 01 December 2022
... at a given time. While decompositions of HE differences account for contributions made by health and mortality, differences in HCAL are further disentangled into cohort-specific contributions. In this research note we illustrate the technique by analyzing the sex gap in health and mortality for the United...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Includes: Supplementary data
Published: 21 March 2019
Fig. 8 Decomposition of change between baseline year and year t in the probability that a first marriage will end in divorce, 1960–2010. The bars in each year sum to the total change in the outcome between 1960 (panel a) or 1980 (panel b) and that year. SDM = sex difference in mortality More
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (1): 53–69.
Published: 01 February 1984
... the best enumeration for black females age 25-30, the. nqx value for this group was used to determine the level of mortality and the nqx values for females in other age groups were taken from model tables. A table for black males was derived from this female table and the regional model sex differences...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (4): 1341–1362.
Published: 17 January 2013
... projection of smoking- and non-smoking-related mortality to lead to nonlinearity in the projected trends and to smaller differences between the sexes in the short run. For the Netherlands, data on all-cause mortality and population numbers by age (0, 1–4, 5–9, . . . , 110+), sex, and year (1970...
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (3): 405–419.
Published: 01 August 1973
... Regional Meeting, Mexico City. Sowder , W. ( 1954 ). Why is the Sex Difference in Mortality Increasing? . Public Health Reports , 69 , 860 – 864 . Spiegelman , Mortimer ( 1962 ). Significant Mortality and Morbidity Trends in the United States since 1900 . Philadelphia...