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Seasonal Adjustment

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Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 305–318.
Published: 01 June 1966
... in the underlying trend of the rates. Several methods have recently been developed, using an electronic computer, to identify and remove the seasonal component from time series of monthly data. The methods are basically adaptations of a standard technique—the ratio-to-moving average method—for seasonally adjusting...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (4): 541–568.
Published: 01 November 1983
... the existence of a seasonal adjustment procedure that improves on the Census X-11 program currently used by vital statistics agencies. 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1983 1983 Rate Series ARIMA Model Spectral Density Function Crude Birth Rate Power Spectral Density Function...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (2): 345–367.
Published: 01 May 2010
... is the noninstitutionalized population aged 25 64. Results are weighted percentages, not seasonally adjusted. Q1 = December February, Q2 = March May, Q3 = June August, and Q4 = September November. Source: Authors calculations using monthly CPS data from September 2003 to November 2006. 70 75 80 85 2003 Q4 2004 Q1 2004 Q2...
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Published: 08 October 2018
Fig. 4 Employer-to-employer transition rates. Shaded areas denote recessions as determined by the National Bureau of Economic Research. Quarterly data are seasonally adjusted. CPS monthly data are converted to quarterly via addition following Hyatt and Spletzer ( 2013 ). The second and third More
Image
Published: 01 June 2022
composited final weights. We seasonally adjust the estimates, including monthly fixed effects, in the computation of the average subgroups' employment change for the 2001 recession and the Great Recession. More
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 306–310.
Published: 01 March 1968
... resi- dents who arrive in Hawaii generally co- incide for the two series. It was possible to compute seasonally-adjusted quarterly totals for the four and one-half-year pe- riod starting in October, 1960 and ending in March, 1965.7 The zero-order correla- tion between the two adjusted series was 0.782...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (4): 679–682.
Published: 01 November 1984
...) that seasonally-adjusted Southern birthrates for the months in question were substantially (more than two standard deviations) below those for the previous 13 months. Apart from this minor quibble about the proper terminology for our earlier rough-and-ready approach, for reasons outlined below we question Hogan's...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (3): 827–855.
Published: 01 June 2022
... composited final weights. We seasonally adjust the estimates, including monthly fixed effects, in the computation of the average subgroups' employment change for the 2001 recession and the Great Recession. ...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (6): 1893–1915.
Published: 08 October 2015
...) In addition to the unemployment rate, we also assess the sensitivity of our results to a number of other measures of the state macro-economy. First, we test alternative constructions of our unemployment measure that use the seasonally adjusted unemployment rates and employment-to-population ratio. We also...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (1): 13–30.
Published: 01 February 1986
... and the first birth is lengthened to a year, births would peak in November-December. Yet even when births are adjusted for the potential marriage effect, December and January remain the peak of the cycle. The seasonal pattern of employment and wages revealed by the few labor records and surveys available...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2161–2180.
Published: 08 October 2018
...Fig. 4 Employer-to-employer transition rates. Shaded areas denote recessions as determined by the National Bureau of Economic Research. Quarterly data are seasonally adjusted. CPS monthly data are converted to quarterly via addition following Hyatt and Spletzer ( 2013 ). The second and third...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 437–450.
Published: 01 August 2003
... or be- cause migrants shift to areas that are less policed by the Border Patrol. Figure 1 displays apprehensions and enforcement for the period 1969 1996. Because there are sizable seasonal swings in apprehensions, with apprehensions the highest in the spring and the lowest in December, seasonally adjusted...
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (2): 185–204.
Published: 01 May 1973
... / \ / \ / \ I \/ v Seasonally adjusted RATE Unadjusted 6 Jews s 4 0 "~ 5 7 9 20 1S 10 12 Non- Jews 25 11 -10 13 a-Note that scale 1s reversed. Source: Table A-4. FIGURE 3.-Birth Rate and Unemployment: Quarterly Data, 1964-1970 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This paper summarizes a study pre- pared for the Falk Institute...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (2): 321–346.
Published: 01 May 1994
...David A. Lam; Jeffrey A. Miron; Ann Riley Abstract This paper develops a model of seasonal fluctuations in fecundability, conceptions, and births. We begin with a model of individual fecundability that combines behavioral and biological components, with particular attention to the roles of coital...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1011–1025.
Published: 24 May 2016
... and flows) because some states experience more repeat and seasonal migration than others (e.g., Florida). Because the proposed adjustments are scalar multiplications, they do not affect the geographic rankings and correlations. Instead, we offer that net migration measures are likely to be less affected...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 13–26.
Published: 01 February 2022
...-19 epidemic. In fact, the epidemic actually led to a slight reduction in gender disparities in some months. Adjusting for seasonality also significantly reduced gender differences in the unemployment rate. Notably, however, the gender gap in labor force participation increased significantly...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (2): 197–212.
Published: 01 May 1983
.... ( 1974 ). La nuptialité . Population , 29 ( No. spécial ), 31 – 50 . 10.2307/1530562 Mendels F. F. ( 1980 ). Seasons and regions in agriculture and industry during the process of industrialization. Forthcoming . In Sidney Pollard (Ed.), Region und Industrialisaerung. Studien zur...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (3): 547–568.
Published: 01 August 2004
... . American Journal of Sociology , 97 , 143 – 68 . 10.1086/229743 Bound J. , & Jaeger D.A. ( 1996 ). On the Validity of Season of Birth as an Instrument in Wage Equations: A Comment on Angrist and Krueger’s ‘Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings? . Cambridge...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1475–1485.
Published: 25 June 2018
... and Hirsch ( 2006 ), Borjas ( 1985 , 1994 ), and Hirsch and Schumacher ( 2004 ). The dependent variable in Borjas ( 2015 ) is weekly earnings. All wages are standardized to 2014 dollars using the consumer price index (CPI) for all urban consumers without seasonal adjustment. 3 In the 1980 and 1990...
Journal Article
Demography (1980) 17 (3): 323–339.
Published: 01 August 1980
.... They estimated current housing units by adding residential units permitted since the most recent census to units enumer- ated in that census. They assumed that three months were required for permits to become finished units. The housing stock was adjusted downward to account for demolitions. Current households...