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Resource dilution

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Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (3): 723–748.
Published: 12 May 2016
...Benjamin G. Gibbs; Joseph Workman; Douglas B. Downey Abstract One of the most consistent patterns in the social sciences is the relationship between sibship size and educational outcomes: those with fewer siblings outperform those with many. The resource dilution (RD) model emphasizes...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1895–1931.
Published: 27 September 2014
...John Sandberg; Patrick Rafail Abstract Measures of children’s time use, particularly with parents and siblings, are used to evaluate three hypotheses in relation to the vocabulary and mathematical skills development: (1) the resource dilution hypothesis, which argues that parental and household...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1625–1646.
Published: 15 September 2020
... with all older siblings. This indicates that negative birth order effects tend to operate either within or across sets of full siblings, depending on the sex of the parent displaying multipartnered fertility. We argue that these findings can be explained by a combination of resource dilution/confluence...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1931–1956.
Published: 09 September 2019
...Sophie Hedges; David W. Lawson; Jim Todd; Mark Urassa; Rebecca Sear Abstract Economic and evolutionary models of parental investment often predict education biases toward earlier-born children, resulting from either household resource dilution or parental preference. Previous research, however, has...
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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2085–2111.
Published: 29 October 2020
... transitions to a universal two-child policy regime but have wider implications beyond the Chinese context. 21 9 2020 29 10 2020 © Population Association of America 2020 2020 Family size Parental investment Resource dilution Gender China The relationship between family size...
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Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 521–542.
Published: 01 August 2003
... accumulate less wealth than do those from smaller families. Siblings dilute parents’ finite financial resources and nonmaterial resources, such as time. This diminishment of resources reduces educational attainment, inter vivos transfers, and inheritance. Reduced educational attainment and transfers alter...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1453–1477.
Published: 19 July 2012
...Letícia J. Marteleto; Laetícia R. de Souza Abstract Researchers have long been interested in the influence of family size on children’s educational outcomes. Simply put, theories have suggested that resources are diluted within families that have more children. Although the empirical literature...
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Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 119–131.
Published: 01 February 1991
... the dilution of familial resources available per .child associated with larger numbers of children. The extent and the level of schooling at which this effect operates vary with the household level of wealth and with rural or urban residence. Because fertility decline is leading to a major increase...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (3): 1035–1062.
Published: 22 June 2020
... countries, with mechanisms such as resource dilution (Blake 1989 ; Downey 1995 , 2001 ) and differential fertility (Dalla-Zuanna 2007 ; Kasarda and Billy 1985 ) commonly being cited. However, the shape and strength of the negative relationship between sibsize and educational attainment—or whether...
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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 613–639.
Published: 17 March 2015
... to account for how birth order is related to later life outcomes, including the resource dilution hypothesis (Blake 1981 ), the confluence hypothesis (Zajonc and Markus 1975 ), and the hygiene hypothesis (Strachan 1989 ). Empirical research has shown that birth order is a marker of early-life relative...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (1): 1–14.
Published: 01 February 2024
... theories of only children's distinctiveness or effects of sibship size on outcomes also tend to (1) include social siblings, at least implicitly, as in resource dilution theory ( Blake 1989 ; Downey 1995 ), or (2) focus on coresidence with siblings irrespective of biological or social relatedness...
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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (2): 341–366.
Published: 09 January 2014
... become polygynous in such settings, the families who do practice polygyny could be buffered from the deleterious effects of resource dilution. If this is indeed the case, differences in the risk of infant mortality between polygynous and monogamous families should be minimal in settings where polygyny...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (2): 459–484.
Published: 13 February 2017
... and the subsequent child. The two main theories concerning the early social environment that would explain why short birth intervals should have negative consequences for children are the resource dilution hypothesis (Blake 1989 ) and the confluence hypothesis (Zajonc 1976 ; Zajonc and Markus 1975...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 813–834.
Published: 11 April 2017
... of convergence in sibsize on social inequalities in children’s lives and weigh these up against the diverging destinies that, as outlined earlier, most scholars now see as a dominant impact of family change for American children. The resource dilution perspective on family size has long argued that the family...
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Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 255–279.
Published: 01 February 2023
... the demographic transition . Population Studies , 57 , 63 – 75 . Riswick T. ( 2018 ). Testing the conditional resource-dilution hypothesis: The impact of sibship size and composition on infant and child mortality in the Netherlands, 1863–1910 . History of the Family , 23 , 623 – 655...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 929–955.
Published: 21 May 2018
... attainment (Black et al. 2007 ; Conley and Bennett 2000 ) and health (Leon et al. 1998 ; Moster et al. 2008 ; Swamy et al. 2008 ), even in high-income countries. Furthermore, short intervals may increase sibling competition and dilute the time and resources that parents are able to invest...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (3): 797–827.
Published: 01 June 2024
... residents, males, and younger cohorts) were more likely to be without siblings. The resource dilution theory and sibling support perspective might explain each finding conditioning on potential resources. For groups with potentially limited resources and opportunities (rural residents, females, and older...
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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (1): 281–313.
Published: 18 December 2014
... 1992 ; Eloundou-Enyegue and Shapiro 2005 ; Isiugo-Abanihe 1985 ; Lloyd and Blanc 1996 ; McDaniel and Zulu 1996 ; Pilon 2005 ). The extent of dilution of household resources allocated to provide schooling will thus be affected by the circulation of children, and the costs incurred by own...
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Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (4): 1407–1432.
Published: 29 September 2012
... scientific debates about the socioeconomic consequences of fertility transitions. In theory, declines in birth rates can enhance national rates of school participation partly by averting the dilution of family resources across multiple children (Blake 1989 ). 2 Empirically, many studies have explored...
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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 835–860.
Published: 02 May 2015
... 2000 ). In our analysis, we control for other factors that may affect family spending on children. Receiving in-kind public assistance (housing, food, and energy) should reduce family’s spending on these items. Having more adults in a family may increase income.According to the resource dilution...
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