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Replacement Ratio

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Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 497–514.
Published: 01 June 1967
... of America 1967 1967 World Population Future Trend Replacement Ratio Dependency Ratio Total Labor Force References 2 United Nations, World Population Prospects As Assessed in 1963 (New York: 1966), p. 6. 3 Ibid. United Nations, World Population Prospects As Assessed in 1963 (New...
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (3): 467–479.
Published: 01 August 1991
.... Total fertility rates computed from the period parity progression ratios indicate a substantially higher level of fertility than the conventional total fertility rate; they remained above or at replacement level through 1988. A formal demographic analysis suggests that the conventional total fertility...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 935–968.
Published: 06 May 2019
... replacement effect. The former, however, would apply only to cases of infant death and cannot explain the relation between child death and fertility (Palloni and Rafalimanana 1999 ). 5 Conflict may affect the marriage market in ways that go beyond the decline in the sex ratio (La Mattina 2017...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 159–173.
Published: 01 February 1991
... in fertility to replacement level, Preston (1986) argued that the population segment under age T, the length of generation, remained growth-free. Here we first present a new relationship for the momentum of any observed population as the ratio of I) the proportion of the observed population under the mean age...
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (3): 421–427.
Published: 01 August 1997
.... The population below age 30 does not grow over the transition to stationarity, and the ratio of initial to ultimate proportions under age 30 is virtually identical to momentum. 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1997 1997 Stationary Population Stable Population Vital Rate...
Journal Article
Demography (1980) 17 (4): 429–443.
Published: 01 November 1980
... the family-specific mor- tality rate and fertility will bias almost any estimator of the replacement effect. Such bias can easily be taken into account using the estimator developed here. Exist- ing studies of replacement using parity progression ratios or stopping probabili- 442 DEMOGRAPHY, volume 17...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (1): 13–30.
Published: 01 February 1986
... is a significant phenomenon in rural Egypt and it occurs fairly quickly. Infant Mortality Infant Death Child Mortality Replacement Ratio Direct Replacement References Becker S. ( 1981 ). Seasonal patterns of fertility measures: theory and data . Journal of the American Statistical...
Journal Article
Demography (1978) 15 (2): 223–233.
Published: 01 May 1978
.... O'Hare (1976) found that the effectiveness of the ratio- correlation method for counties in Mich- igan was slightly less than that of a method termed "difference-correlation," which replaces ratios of proportions at two points in time. These and other possi- bilities, such as the use of interaction terms...
Journal Article
Demography (1965) 2 (1): 50–73.
Published: 01 March 1965
... ages within the age range used and fewer at other ages. If desired, fertility ratios for several populations may be indirectly standardized for age of worn- en to eliminate the effect of varying age distributions. Replacement quotas for fertility ratios.- Replacement quotas for use with ratios...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 719–746.
Published: 09 March 2012
... Universal Replacement Rate Targeting Ratio Single-Mother Entitlement Economic Growth Unemployment Australia 2001 528 31.25 13.01 2.40 11.67 –1.09 17.45 2.15 41.55 2.38 6.70 Austria 2000 107 17.76 7.74 2.30 6.99 0.60 30.09 1.01 6.46 4.98 3.55 Belgium 2000 69 27.54...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 271–281.
Published: 01 May 2008
... Far Below the Replacement Level? . Population Studies , 50 , 27 – 34 . 10.1080/0032472031000149026 Zeng, Y., P. Tu, B. Gu, Y. Xu, B. Li, and Y. Li. “Causes and Implications of the Recent Increase in the Reported Sex Ratio at Birth in China.” Population and Development Review 19:283–302...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (3): 641–650.
Published: 01 August 2008
.... 2000. Replacement Migration. New York: United Nations. Wu, Z. and N. Li. 2003. Immigration and the Dependency Ratio of a Host Population. Mathemati- cal Population Studies 10:21 39. ...
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (1): 71–80.
Published: 01 February 1971
... any particular curve of change to stationarity is in principle straightforward, but it would TABLE 4.-Ratio of Ultimate to Present Popu- lation on Expression (10), Covering the Case Where Fertility Continues at Present Rate for 15 Years, Then Declines to Bare Replacement (females only) Ratio if drop...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 226–248.
Published: 01 March 1968
...: in the declining-fer- tility projections, entries grow by less than three times in sixty years as opposed to the sixfold growth in the constant- fertility projections. Given the ratios in Table 3, one might expect the labor force to be replaced much more quickly when fertility remained high than when it declined...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1581–1599.
Published: 27 September 2011
... to a complete stop after a driver’s foot is lifted from the accelerator pedal (Schoen and Kim 1991 ). The relative amount of momentum is usually measured by the ratio of the size of the long-run stationary population to that of the population when replacement fertility is first achieved. Momentum coefficients...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (1): 109–126.
Published: 01 February 2000
... Review , 14 , 245 – 86 . 10.2307/1973572 Hull , T.H. ( 1990 ). Recent Trends in Sex Ratios at Birth in China . Population and Development Review , 16 , 63 – 83 . 10.2307/1972529 Jain , A.K. ( 1969 ). Fetal Wastage in a Sample of Taiwanese Women . Milbank Memorial...
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (4): 771–784.
Published: 01 November 2007
... the direct fertility impact of a preference for sons. Results for mortality hazard ratios are consistent with the hypotheses of insurance and replacement effects. In Table 2, the main effects of all four mortality indicators are positive and signi cant. The combined indicator of biological and behavioral...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 291–316.
Published: 19 February 2011
... at that time. 21 In other Asian areas showing distortions in the sex ratio at birth, the time interval between first achieving replacement fertility and the year of the subsequent local peak in sex ratios at birth was 8–11 years in Taiwan, Singapore, and Japan; and 18 years in Hong Kong (Goodkind...
FIGURES | View All (9)
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 439–442.
Published: 01 March 1968
... interest to add to this discussion by indicating formulas for stable age-specificmigration ratios and the probabilities in each region. Classical work in stable population theory has dealt largely with closed populations, thus ig- noring migration." The purpose of this note is, then, to indicate...
Journal Article
Demography (1978) 15 (4): 499–507.
Published: 01 November 1978
... be seen more clearly by replacing the quantity (y - x) with (y - X)2 in the numerator of (16): Simple algebra reveals that the above ratio equals twice the variance of m(x), 2uz However, since ~E[f(x)] f:. E[H(x)] for general probability density functions f(x), K cannot be expressed as a constant...