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Relative Bias

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Published: 02 November 2018
Fig. 2 Bias in published IMR relative to percentage underregistration: single-year IMR. Each single-year difference between adjusted and published IMRs is plotted against the percentage of underregistration from the 1940 test for each race and state. Underregistration is measured only once More
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (1): 329–354.
Published: 16 December 2014
..., and under what conditions, legal status imputation approaches yield unbiased estimates of the association of unauthorized status with health insurance coverage. We tested five methods under a range of missing data scenarios. Logical and demographic imputation methods yielded biased estimates across all...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1737–1764.
Published: 01 October 2021
... association tests can be a successful strategy for measuring the relative preference for sons and daughters when social desirability is a concern. We investigate the structure of son-biased fertility preferences within households, across families, and between regions in Armenia, using measures of son bias...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1819–1843.
Published: 10 July 2013
... assertion that the observation of higher levels of violence among members is a result of selection bias that is largely driven by poorer women selecting into microcredit groups. However, we also observe that among these women who did not match, microcredit members—who were relatively more affluent than both...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (3): 569–585.
Published: 01 August 2006
... this assumption is violated so that the mortality rate varies with sib ship size, mortality estimates can be massively biased. By using insights from work on the statistical analysis of selection bias, survey weighting, and extrapolation problems, we propose a new and relatively simple method of recovering...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (1): 24–34.
Published: 01 February 1996
... are substantially biased downward by overlap between postpartum amenorrhea and contraceptive use. The findings of Millman (1984) and Rutstein (1991) suggest that Bangladesh and Zimbabwe also may be particularly affected by this bias. In 1994-1995 both countries conducted DHS-III surveys that include the calen- dar...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 729–752.
Published: 28 February 2019
... be biased downward. Second, it has long been argued that sanitation may have larger health impacts in more densely populated areas. Hathi et al. ( 2017 ) presented the first extensive evidence of this relationship using cross-sectional variation in open defecation and the log of subnational...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1955–1976.
Published: 22 August 2014
... behavior may be sensitive for some groups (e.g., unmarried Thai women), which can lead to misreporting of these behaviors and thereby cause systematic biases in the data. Such errors resulting from sensitivity may well be compounded by errors following from recall bias in cross-sectional surveys, which...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 1039–1064.
Published: 29 November 2012
...Fernando Riosmena; Rebeca Wong; Alberto Palloni Abstract In this article, we test for four potential explanations of the Hispanic Health Paradox (HHP): the “salmon bias,” emigration selection, and sociocultural protection originating in either destination or sending country. To reduce biases...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 343–370.
Published: 08 February 2011
... development (e.g., Klasen 1999 ; Scanlan 2004 ; Sen 1984 ; Sweetman 2002 ; World Bank 2001 ), but the other side of the causality—that is, the role of income growth in altering gender biases—has received little attention. Recent evidence indicates that gender bias—measured by using juvenile sex ratios...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (2): 239–249.
Published: 01 May 1997
... estimation, by a greater margin (4.5 percentage points) than native-born workers exceed their projected increase (2.5 percentage points). This difference is the opposite of what one would expect if the cross-sectional estimation were biased upward by changes in immigrant co- hort quality (defined...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1127–1154.
Published: 30 May 2012
..., and the interaction of these two, on adult body mass index (BMI). Using sibling fixed-effects models to account for selection bias, we find that relative to children in other low-income families, children in SNAP-recipient households have higher average adult BMI values. However, the effects of childhood SNAP usage...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (2): 269–285.
Published: 01 May 2002
...Zeng Yi; Kenneth C. Land Abstract We show that the observed changes in the period tempo of fertility are biased and derive a new formula for adjusting such bias. We present illustrative applications of our proposed method to the cases of the United States and Taiwan. We then describe the relevance...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (3): 445–454.
Published: 01 August 1985
... is valid, sample means will be biased in tabular analyses, as will coefficient estimators in regression analyses. Of course, the larger the fraction of nonrespon- dents, the greater the expected bias. The aim of this paper is to determine the extent of the bias in regression coefficient estimators. First...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (1): 117–123.
Published: 01 February 1989
... is more biased downward the more highly correlated are the couple's and their parents' incomes and the larger is the negative impact of their parents' income through the Easterlin intergenerational taste effect. Previous estimates, to our knowledge, have not been able to avoid this possible bias directly...
Journal Article
Demography (1969) 6 (2): 151–159.
Published: 01 May 1969
... the States. Special studies based on selected census data or the records of marriages and divorces occurring in one State or community have provided much of the valuable but limited information at hand. Statistics for individual States are subject to substantial bias as a consequence of inter-State migration...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (6): 2001–2024.
Published: 01 November 2017
.... The Methuselah effect will typically create small biases to the measurement of mortality at relatively young ages, but the bias grows precipitously as the population ages. The intuition of the Methuselah effect is straightforward. Suppose that a respondent dies at age a, but the death is not matched...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1981–2002.
Published: 01 October 2022
... to reporting bias is an advantage relative to studies using self-reported measures. We present evidence that one mechanism for this effect is maternal nutrition: although they are not shorter, lower-ranking mothers weigh less than higher-ranking mothers. These results suggest that programs that merely make...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (4): 1167–1194.
Published: 01 July 2015
... this shift, the implications for parenting and child well-being are not known. Drawing on a sample of U.S. black and white mothers with nonmarital conceptions from the NLSY79, our study fills this gap. Using propensity score techniques to address concerns about selection bias, we found that mid-pregnancy...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (1): 109–128.
Published: 01 February 2004
... at the end of the follow-up period. If many deaths are missed, mortality estimates will be biased downward. This difficulty is likely to be more serious for Hispanics, many of whom are foreign born and thus are more likely to emigrate than are non-Hispanic whites. The NCHS (2000) estimated that about 6...