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Racial disparities

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Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 949–974.
Published: 30 April 2014
...Signe-Mary McKernan; Caroline Ratcliffe; Margaret Simms; Sisi Zhang Abstract How do private transfers differ by race and ethnicity, and do such differences explain the racial and ethnic disparity in wealth? Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this study examines private transfers by race...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 127–152.
Published: 23 February 2011
...Jenifer L. Bratter; Bridget K. Gorman Abstract How do self-identified multiracial adults fit into documented patterns of racial health disparities? We assess whether the health status of adults who view themselves as multiracial is distinctive from that of adults who maintain a single-race identity...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1953–1979.
Published: 01 October 2022
... disparities in United States cities. We provide the most complete account to date of these reduced racial disparities, showing that they were unexpectedly uniform across cities. Linking data from multiple sources, we then examine potential explanations for this finding, including city-level sociodemographic...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1903–1928.
Published: 08 September 2020
...Gregory Sharp; Ellen Whitehead; Matthew Hall Abstract Research shows that extrahousehold kin economic resources contribute to the racial gap in transitions into homeownership, but the extent to which these resources matter for racial disparities in exits from homeownership is less understood. Using...
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Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 773–800.
Published: 01 November 2004
...W. Parker Frisbie; Seung-eun Song; Daniel A. Powers; Julie A. Street Abstract Although substantial declines in infant mortality rates have occurred across racial/ethnic groups, there has been a marked increase in relative black-white disparity in the risk of infant death over the past two decades...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1729–1753.
Published: 12 September 2014
...Jeremy Pais Abstract Cumulative structural disadvantage theory posits two major sources of endogenous selection in shaping racial health disparities: a race-based version of the theory anticipates a racially distinct selection process, whereas a social class-based version anticipates a racially...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2119–2128.
Published: 21 September 2018
... a period of homelessness at some point in their lives. We also identify dramatic disparities in lifetime incidence of homelessness by racial and ethnic subgroups. Rates of homelessness were higher for non-Hispanic blacks (16.8 %) or Hispanics of any race (8.1 %) than for non-Hispanic whites (4.8 %; all...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (4): 701–725.
Published: 01 November 2003
... . Rauh V.A. , Andrews H.F. , & Garfinkel R.S. ( 2001 ). The Contribution of Maternal Age to Racial Disparities in Birthweight: A Multilevel Perspective . American Journal of Public Health , 91 , 1815 – 24 . 10.2105/AJPH.91.11.1815 Rawlings J.S. , Rawlings V.B...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (2): 383–399.
Published: 01 May 2006
...Paul Mohai; Robin Saha Abstract The number of studies examining racial and socioeconomic disparities in the geographic distribution of environmental hazards and locally unwanted land uses has grown considerably over the past decade. Most studies have found statistically significant racial...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 55–77.
Published: 01 February 2008
...David S. Kirk Abstract This study assesses the role of social context in explaining racial and ethnic disparities in arrest, with a focus on how distinct neighborhood contexts in which different racial and ethnic groups reside explain variations in criminal outcomes. To do so, I utilize...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2079–2107.
Published: 01 December 2022
... utilization among undocumented workers. These findings advance understanding of the impact of “policies of exclusion” on the lives of marginalized groups and underscore the importance of racialized legal status in considering the links between sociopolitical contexts and health and health care disparities...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1185–1205.
Published: 21 July 2016
...Letícia J. Marteleto; Molly Dondero Abstract Racial disparities in education in Brazil (and elsewhere) are well documented. Because this research typically examines educational variation between individuals in different families, however, it cannot disentangle whether racial differences...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (4): 1035–1051.
Published: 01 November 2010
...James B. Kirby; Toshiko Kaneda Abstract Millions of people in the United States do not have health insurance, and wide racial and ethnic disparities exist in coverage. Current research provides a limited description of this problem, focusing on the number or proportion of individuals without...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2089–2115.
Published: 01 December 2021
.... This calls attention to inequality in medical care at birth as an importantcontributor to racial disparities in neonatal mortality. Neonatal mortality Health disparities Racial inequality U.S. states Decomposition Despite reductions in the U.S. infant mortality rate over the past century...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2295–2319.
Published: 01 December 2022
...Zachary Parolin; Jordan Matsudaira; Jane Waldfogel; Christopher Wimer Abstract Young adults in the United States, especially young Black adults, experience high poverty rates relative to other age groups. Prior research has largely attributed racial disparities in young adult poverty...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 437–460.
Published: 14 April 2011
... in single-parent families. The heads of black immigrant households have more schooling than those of native-black households. However, increased schooling has a weaker negative association with child poverty among the former than among the latter. In terms of racial disparities among the children...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 1017–1024.
Published: 27 May 2015
... themselves as black. By contrast, we find no effect of self-identifying as black among people who were not seen by others as black. These results suggest that racial perceptions play an important role in racial disparities in arrest rates and provide a useful analytical approach for disentangling the effects...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (3): 309–321.
Published: 01 August 1984
...Isaac W. Eberstein; Jan Reese Parker Abstract This research examines racial disparities in infant mortality, overall and separately according to cause of death. Using linked birth and death records for the 1975 cohort of live births in Florida, racial differences are initially described...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1325–1352.
Published: 01 August 2022
... demographic and statistical techniques to official statistics and using COVID-19 survey data on kinship and labor force experience, we assess the unemployment level and exposure to unemployment in the United States from a kinship perspective. The results indicate dramatic racial disparities in the number...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1949–1972.
Published: 01 September 2017
...: remarriage and fertility patterns are both rooted in the biosocial conditions that produce racial disparities in health. We employ a multiple causes framework that attributes variation in fertility patterns to voluntary limitation and involuntary factors (infecundity/subfecundity). We use data from the 1910...