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Racial Disparity

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Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 773–800.
Published: 01 November 2004
...W. Parker Frisbie; Seung-eun Song; Daniel A. Powers; Julie A. Street Abstract Although substantial declines in infant mortality rates have occurred across racial/ethnic groups, there has been a marked increase in relative black-white disparity in the risk of infant death over the past two decades...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 949–974.
Published: 30 April 2014
...Signe-Mary McKernan; Caroline Ratcliffe; Margaret Simms; Sisi Zhang Abstract How do private transfers differ by race and ethnicity, and do such differences explain the racial and ethnic disparity in wealth? Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this study examines private transfers by race...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1953–1979.
Published: 01 October 2022
... disparities in United States cities. We provide the most complete account to date of these reduced racial disparities, showing that they were unexpectedly uniform across cities. Linking data from multiple sources, we then examine potential explanations for this finding, including city-level sociodemographic...
FIGURES | View All (5)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 127–152.
Published: 23 February 2011
...Jenifer L. Bratter; Bridget K. Gorman Abstract How do self-identified multiracial adults fit into documented patterns of racial health disparities? We assess whether the health status of adults who view themselves as multiracial is distinctive from that of adults who maintain a single-race identity...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1903–1928.
Published: 08 September 2020
...Gregory Sharp; Ellen Whitehead; Matthew Hall Abstract Research shows that extrahousehold kin economic resources contribute to the racial gap in transitions into homeownership, but the extent to which these resources matter for racial disparities in exits from homeownership is less understood. Using...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (5): 1729–1753.
Published: 12 September 2014
...Jeremy Pais Abstract Cumulative structural disadvantage theory posits two major sources of endogenous selection in shaping racial health disparities: a race-based version of the theory anticipates a racially distinct selection process, whereas a social class-based version anticipates a racially...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2119–2128.
Published: 21 September 2018
... a period of homelessness at some point in their lives. We also identify dramatic disparities in lifetime incidence of homelessness by racial and ethnic subgroups. Rates of homelessness were higher for non-Hispanic blacks (16.8 %) or Hispanics of any race (8.1 %) than for non-Hispanic whites (4.8 %; all...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (1): 59–85.
Published: 01 February 2024
... ethnoracial disparities suggest that the socioeconomic determinants driving health disparities prior to the pandemic were amplified and expressed in new ways in the pandemic's first year to disproportionately concentrate excess mortality among racial and ethnic minorities. Corresponding author...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (5): 1441–1468.
Published: 01 October 2023
... analyze what fractions of racial, ethnic, and nativity disparities in co-impairment are attributable to inequalities in educational attainment. Results reveal that an estimated 56% of women and 41% of men aged 50 will experience co-impairment in their remaining life expectancy. Men experience an earlier...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (4): 701–725.
Published: 01 November 2003
... . Rauh V.A. , Andrews H.F. , & Garfinkel R.S. ( 2001 ). The Contribution of Maternal Age to Racial Disparities in Birthweight: A Multilevel Perspective . American Journal of Public Health , 91 , 1815 – 24 . 10.2105/AJPH.91.11.1815 Rawlings J.S. , Rawlings V.B...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (2): 383–399.
Published: 01 May 2006
...Paul Mohai; Robin Saha Abstract The number of studies examining racial and socioeconomic disparities in the geographic distribution of environmental hazards and locally unwanted land uses has grown considerably over the past decade. Most studies have found statistically significant racial...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (1): 55–77.
Published: 01 February 2008
...David S. Kirk Abstract This study assesses the role of social context in explaining racial and ethnic disparities in arrest, with a focus on how distinct neighborhood contexts in which different racial and ethnic groups reside explain variations in criminal outcomes. To do so, I utilize...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2079–2107.
Published: 01 December 2022
... utilization among undocumented workers. These findings advance understanding of the impact of “policies of exclusion” on the lives of marginalized groups and underscore the importance of racialized legal status in considering the links between sociopolitical contexts and health and health care disparities...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1815–1841.
Published: 01 December 2023
...: PhenoAge, Klemera–Doubal biological age, and homeostatic dysregulation. It also examines the contributions of racial differences in life course socioeconomic and stress exposures and vulnerability to those exposures to Black–White disparities in biological aging. Across the outcomes, Black individuals...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1185–1205.
Published: 21 July 2016
...Letícia J. Marteleto; Molly Dondero Abstract Racial disparities in education in Brazil (and elsewhere) are well documented. Because this research typically examines educational variation between individuals in different families, however, it cannot disentangle whether racial differences...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1877–1901.
Published: 01 December 2023
...Ken-Hou Lin; Guillermo Dominguez Abstract Studies have examined the racial disparities in household characteristics, homeownership, and familial transfer as primary drivers of the Black–White wealth gap in the United States. This study assesses the importance of stock-linked assets in generating...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 01 October 2023
Fig. 2 Racial, ethnic, and nativity disparities in co-impairment expectancy in the empirical versus counterfactual scenario for U.S. women (panel a) and men (panel b), 1998–2016. Source : 1998–2016 Health and Retirement Study. More
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (4): 1035–1051.
Published: 01 November 2010
...James B. Kirby; Toshiko Kaneda Abstract Millions of people in the United States do not have health insurance, and wide racial and ethnic disparities exist in coverage. Current research provides a limited description of this problem, focusing on the number or proportion of individuals without...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2089–2115.
Published: 01 December 2021
.... This calls attention to inequality in medical care at birth as an importantcontributor to racial disparities in neonatal mortality. Finally, even when Black and White infants have access to the same medical facilities, there may be disparities in the quality of care received. An analysis of California...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2295–2319.
Published: 01 December 2022
...Zachary Parolin; Jordan Matsudaira; Jane Waldfogel; Christopher Wimer Abstract Young adults in the United States, especially young Black adults, experience high poverty rates relative to other age groups. Prior research has largely attributed racial disparities in young adult poverty...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data