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Racial Classification

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Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 465–474.
Published: 01 November 1998
...Edward E. Telles; Nelson Lim Abstract Previous studies ofracial inequality have relied on official statistics that presumably use self-classification of race. Using novel data from a 1995 national survey in Brazil, we find that the estimates of racial income inequality based on self-classification...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2333–2336.
Published: 31 October 2014
...Reanne Frank Abstract In an article in the February 2014 issue of Demography , Guo et al. claimed that their research “establishes geographic genetic bio-ancestry as a component of racial classification” (p. 141). In doing so, they argued that their work has “a larger theoretical significance...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1155.
Published: 11 May 2012
...Leticia J. Marteleto An error appears in Table 2 of “Educational Inequality by Race in Brazil, 1982–2007: Structural Changes and Shifts in Racial Classification,” by Leticia Marteleto (vol. 49(1), 337–358). The label for the first row of the table should read “Sex (omitted: male).” DOI...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 337–358.
Published: 19 January 2012
... changed. By 2007, those identified as blacks and pardos became more similar in their schooling levels, whereas in the past, blacks had greater disadvantages. I test two possible explanations for this shift: structural changes and shifts in racial classification. I find evidence for both. I discuss...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 141–172.
Published: 10 September 2013
...Guang Guo; Yilan Fu; Hedwig Lee; Tianji Cai; Kathleen Mullan Harris; Yi Li Abstract Self-reported race is generally considered the basis for racial classification in social surveys, including the U.S. census. Drawing on recent advances in human molecular genetics and social science perspectives...
FIGURES
Image
Published: 01 October 2021
Fig. 4 Multiracial self-identification by racial classification regime, gender, and generation. The bars illustrate the average expected probability of self-identifying with two or more races, calculated from 10,000 simulated predictions based on the three-way interaction model ( Table 5 , Model More
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 1017–1024.
Published: 27 May 2015
... with changes toward mail-back, telephone, and Internet surveys, research has tended to focus on self-reports of racial group membership. Rather than trying to determine whether one method or the other yields a better measure of race, we argue that self-identification and classification by others represent...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1921–1942.
Published: 20 April 2013
...” or intermediate racial categories and allow for more fluidity or ambiguity in racial classification. Recently released longitudinal data from the IPUMS Linked Representative Samples, and the brief inclusion of a “mulatto” category in the U.S. Census, allow us to subject this generally accepted wisdom to empirical...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 20 April 2013
Fig. 2 Average change in occupational income score between linked census years for Southern men aged 16–65, by racial classification consistency. The scale of the y -axis is different for the two time periods because of the size of the error bars in 1880–1910/1920 More
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1185–1205.
Published: 21 July 2016
...” or “relatively black” (Telles 2004 ). In addition, racial classification is also associated with behavioral characteristics and with social status (Saperstein and Penner 2012 ; Telles 2004 ). As a result, twins can be labeled differently if they look or are perceived differently. Because twins share most...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1603–1630.
Published: 01 October 2021
...Fig. 4 Multiracial self-identification by racial classification regime, gender, and generation. The bars illustrate the average expected probability of self-identifying with two or more races, calculated from 10,000 simulated predictions based on the three-way interaction model ( Table 5 , Model...
FIGURES | View All (4)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (6): 2337–2342.
Published: 25 November 2014
... regarding our recently published article in Demography (Guo et al. 2014 ), we also address the literature she cites to support her comments. We reiterate a central point already made in our original article. We do not try to explain racial identity. Our objective is to examine racial classification...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1431–1457.
Published: 01 August 2022
... Dream: How teachers' perceptions shape the academic outcomes of immigrant and language-minority students . Social Science Research , 51 , 262 – 275 . Bratter J. ( 2007 ). Will “multiracial” survive to the next generation? The racial classification of children of multiracial parents...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 753–762.
Published: 09 January 2019
... classification in the expected direction, with whites earning more than browns, who in turn earn more than blacks. The authors also found that income inequality among subgroups is higher when using interviewer-reported race as opposed to self-reported racial affiliation, which suggests the importance of socially...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 835–856.
Published: 09 May 2014
... but rather can be altered within the individual life cycle and across generations. In the United States, racial classifications are largely stable across the life cycle (but see, e.g., Noymer et al. 2011 ; Saperstein and Penner 2012 ). In contrast, Brazil has historically held a widespread belief...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 321–343.
Published: 08 November 2018
... . Lomnitz Adler , C. ( 1993 ). Exits from the labyrinth: Culture and ideology in the Mexican national space . Berkeley : University of California Press . Loveman , M. ( 2014 ). National colors: Racial classification and the state in Latin America . New York, NY : Oxford University Press...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 519–527.
Published: 01 November 1998
...W. Parker Frisbie, Ph.D.; Douglas Forbes; Robert A. Hummer; Starling G. Pullum Abstract In a recent article (Frisbie. Forbes. and Pullum 1996) we documented racial/ethnic differences in birth outcomes according to a more fine-grained classification than has typically been employed...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (4): 469–481.
Published: 01 November 1996
... that employ even the three basic outcome di- mensions in analyses linking infant mortality to risk factors across racial and ethnic groups (Balcazar 1994; Haas et al. 1987), and none that model the relationship between infant mortality and the expanded birth outcome classification pro- posed here. Higher risk...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (3): 381–393.
Published: 01 August 2000
.... , & Winant , H. ( 1994 ). Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s . 2nd ed New York : Routledge . Perlmann , J. ( 1997 ). Reflecting the Changing Face of America: Multiracials, Racial Classification, and American Intermarriage . Annandale-on-Hudson, NY : Jerome...
Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (1): 139–148.
Published: 01 February 1976
... of the urban place (P u2 ) was assumed to be the same as that of the available census. Assume then 141 Race classification The racial classification of the U.S. population has been included in the cen- sus from 1790 originally to provide the basis of representation. The Constitution specifies...