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Public Health Measure

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Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 525–538.
Published: 01 March 1968
... will not show decline soon. This is because control of the automobile hazard, which involves motor vehicle design, road construction, and driver education will come slowly. Public health measures for the control of suicide are also slow in development; both suicide and homicide are essentially social problems...
Journal Article
Demography (1969) 6 (3): 223–242.
Published: 01 August 1969
... had set in before that. After 1930, however, in both groups of countries the pace of decline was faster than ever, and it was virtually the same for both groups, suggesting that after that date public health measures were exerting a strong influence independently of local economic development...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1233–1247.
Published: 01 August 2022
...Jennifer March Augustine; Kate Prickett Abstract Public health measures aimed at curbing the transmission of COVID-19 increased parenting responsibilities during the early stages of the pandemic. This research note examines time-use data from the American Time Use Surveys to provide several fresh...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 679–706.
Published: 16 January 2019
..., the local governments put in place no other public health measures, such as improvements in water facilities, vaccinations, or food hygiene control, until the 1930s. From the data set, I observe that increases in public health investment associated with the introduction of health districts also implied...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 359–392.
Published: 02 December 2011
... about inequalities in education, health care use, fertility, and child mortality, as well as labor market outcomes, are quite robust to the economic status measure used. Different measures—most significantly per capita expenditures versus the class of asset indices—do not, however, yield identical...
FIGURES | View All (8)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (4): 519–527.
Published: 01 November 1998
... in both the demographic and public-health literatures in which patently postnatal (i.e., ex utero ) measures are taken as outcomes interesting in their own right and/or as risk factors for infant mortality and infant and childhood morbidity. Specifically, he does recognize that we purposefully expanded...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (1): 83–111.
Published: 09 January 2015
... be classified as intended, unwanted, or missing, depending on the focus of the analysis ( n = 34 for our analysis; coded as intended). 2 Staff at the National Center for Health Statistics now use this four-category measure in their publications of NSFG analyses, and they advise all users of the NSFG...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 597–609.
Published: 01 November 1988
... Administrative Area Public Health Measure References Aykroyd , W. R. , & Kevany , J. P. ( 1973 ). Mortality in infancy and early childhood in Ireland, Scotland, and England and Wales, 1871 to 1970 . Ecology of Food and Nutrition , 2 , 11 – 19 . 10.1080/03670244.1973.9990310...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (4): 1363–1388.
Published: 05 July 2018
... techniques, such as Death Distribution Methods, and from field audits by public health experts. We test the model on small-area data from Brazil. Incorporating external estimates of vital registration coverage though priors improves small-area mortality estimates by accounting for underregistration...
FIGURES | View All (10)
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (3): 301–315.
Published: 01 August 1970
... and growing resistance to dis- ease of the population. An alternative hypothesis would emphasize the intro- duction of public health measures in the form of social and preventative medicine as the responsible factor for mortality decline. Here the emphasis would not be on the improved physical condition...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (2): 367–386.
Published: 04 February 2014
... on expenditures, we also look at more commonly used financial measures of public health engagement so that we may compare our results with previous studies. First, we consider the federal Sheppard-Towner grant amount accepted per capita. Because of the $5,000 unmatched component of the program and the variation...
Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (1): 1–22.
Published: 01 February 2005
... public health interventions "crowd out" costly private preventive measures (Philipson 2000) or if those who were initially saved by interven- tions were relatively weak and died in greater proportions in subsequent years. To investigate these competing explanations, we reestimated variants of Eq. (1...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1371–1388.
Published: 13 June 2019
... , E. ( 1978 ). Public health measures and mortality in U.S. cities in the late nineteenth century . Human Ecology , 6 , 27 – 54 . 10.1007/BF00888565 . Crimmins , E. M. , & Condran , G. A. ( 1983 ). Mortality variation in U.S. cities in 1900: A two-level explanation...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (4): 429–443.
Published: 01 November 1999
.... and E. Crimmins-Gardner. 1978. "Public Health Measures and Mortality in U.S. Cities in the Late Nineteenth Century." Human Ecology 6:27-54. Costa, D. 1993. "Height, Weight, Wartime Stress, and Older Age Mortality: Evidence From the Union Army Records." Explora- 442 tions in Economic History 30:424-49...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (1): 97–123.
Published: 01 February 1982
... Records, Phil- adelphia, 1880-81. Unpublished paper. -- and Eileen Crimmins. 1980. Mortality Dif- ferentials between Rural and Urban Areas of States in the Northeastern United States, 1890- 1900, Journal of Historical Geography, 6(2):179- 202. --and Eileen Crimmins-Gardner, 1978.Public Health Measures...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (4): 647–657.
Published: 01 November 2006
... of the existing LEs that were computed by interpolation. eriod life expectancy summarizes the current age-speci c death rates for a population (Swanson and Siegel 2002: chap. 13). Life expectancies are primary public health measures that can be compared across nations, large subpopulations, or years; life...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (3): 953–977.
Published: 05 May 2020
... the socioeconomic gradient in mortality has widened, narrowed, or remained constant since the early phases of the mortality transition. The fact that public health measures, as well as subsidized health care, reached an increasing share of the population during the course of the twentieth century could be expected...
Journal Article
Demography (2002) 39 (1): 119–137.
Published: 01 February 2002
... that of the 37% of the decline in functional limitations attrib- utable to chronic disease rates, 9% can be accounted for by reduced rates of infectious diseases and 7% by shifts in occupations.8 Public health measures that reduced crowding, improved sanitation, and produced filtered and chlorinated water; swamp...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 354–361.
Published: 01 March 1968
... out of the five female populations, the rank order coefficient of correlation is -1.00 and in the others it is in the predicted direction. These data suggest the following inter- pretation. For any given country, medical technology and public health measures (or, more simply, health technics) affect...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (4): 381–389.
Published: 01 November 1977
... of Economics , 73 , 76 – 95 . 10.2307/3439135 Lave , L. B. , & Seskin , E. P. ( 1972 ). Air Pollution, Climate and Home Heating: Their Effects on U.S. Mortality Rates . American Journal of Public Health , 62 , 909 – 916 . 10.2105/AJPH.62.7.909 Ledermann , Sully ( 1969...