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Proximate Determinant

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Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (2): 629–650.
Published: 27 March 2012
...Christine R. Schwartz; Robert D. Mare Abstract This paper adapts the population balancing equation to develop a framework for studying the proximate determinants of educational homogamy. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth on a cohort of women born between 1957 and 1964, we...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (2): 231–247.
Published: 01 May 1995
... Youth Panel, I construct a causal model of birthweight containing exogenous social and demographic risk factors and intervening proximate determinants of birthweight. A substantial part of the gap in birthweight between white Anglos and other ethnic groups (especially blacks) can be explained...
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (4): 603–614.
Published: 01 November 1994
...Karin L. Brewster Abstract Previous studies report that neighborhood characteristics influence pregnancy and childbearing risk among African-American adolescent women. These studies, however, leave unidentified the effects of many neighborhood properties on the proximate determinants of nonmarital...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (2): 161–176.
Published: 01 May 1982
... proximate determinants of fertility, excluding contraceptive practices, would be insufficientto account for later transition effects. Thus the results successfully capture the dynamics underlying the Mormon natural fertility pattern as well as offer a framework for future modeling of the transition away...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (1): 27–36.
Published: 01 February 2022
... education and family background, reweighting women in the origin countries to resemble migrants on these characteristics does little to explain differences in contraceptive use between the groups. Given that contraceptive use is an important proximate determinant of fertility, our results suggest...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (3): 489–506.
Published: 01 August 1993
... the determinants of race differences in the two main components of LBW—preterm birth (PRETERM) and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)—within a partially causal framework that includes social and proximate explanatory variables. The data come from the 1988 National Survey of Family Growth. This study asks...
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (1): 53–66.
Published: 01 February 1986
... relationships to fecundability within populations, the role offecundability as a proximate variable in models of the determinants of fertility requires further specification. 7 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1986 1986 Cohort Effect Birth Interval Marriage Cohort Coital Frequency...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 835–862.
Published: 21 March 2019
... in widowhood. 1 I compute these measures for each year since 1960 and decompose the change over time in the latter three measures into seven proximate determinants: (1) secular declines in mortality, (2) narrowing sex differences in mortality, (3) increasing age at first marriage, (4) rising rates...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1765–1790.
Published: 07 October 2019
... No. 30765). Washington, DC : World Bank . Basu A. M. , & Stephenson R. ( 2005 ). Low levels of maternal education and the proximate determinants of childhood mortality: A little learning is not a dangerous thing . Social Science & Medicine , 60 , 2011 – 2023 . 10.1016...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (5): 1817–1841.
Published: 01 October 2021
... emerging from unobserved sources of heterogeneity and selection. Our analysis therefore suggests that decisions about fertility, migration, and proximity to family are jointly determined and endogenous, and they should be analyzed simultaneously when possible. The results provide new insights...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 33–63.
Published: 01 February 1994
... Adioetomo S. M. , Kitting A. S. , & Taufik S. ( 1990 ). Fertility Transition In Indonesia: Trends in Proximate Determinants of Fertility Population Studies in Sri Lanka and Indonesia (pp. 43 – 75 ). New York : Population Council . Ananta, A., J. Molyneaux, S. Taufik, and M. D...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (1): 113–122.
Published: 01 February 1987
... of socioeconomic and proximate variables on birth interval dynamics? Using an unrestricted data set, we examine the determinants of birth interval dynamics on both a set of unbiased intervals and a set of intervals that only include last closed and open intervals. The surprising result is that the biased set...
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (1): 127–137.
Published: 01 February 1992
... populations, and the impact of substituting contraception for abortion on expected fertility is demonstrated. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1992 1992 Family Planning Abortion Rate Marital Fertility Social Security Beneficiary Proximate Determinant References...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (1): 175–177.
Published: 01 February 1990
...Thomas W. Pullum 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1990 1990 Natural Distribution Parity Distribution Marital Fertility Fertility Control Natural Parity References Bongaarts , J. ( 1978 ). A Framework for Analyzing the Proximate Determinants...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 615–635.
Published: 17 October 2012
..., within the context of the proximate determinants model, has been developed (Gage et al. 2004 , 2009 ), based on the Wilcox-Russell definition of “causality” (Wilcox and Russell 1990 ). The aim of this research is to determine whether maternal education, as a measure of socioeconomic level, affects...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1495–1518.
Published: 03 July 2019
... availability and the demographic transition on the genetic correlation between number of children and grandchildren in humans . Heredity , 118 , 186 – 192 . 10.1038/hdy.2016.81 . Bongaarts , J. ( 1978 ). A framework for analyzing the proximate determinants of fertility . Population...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1994) 31 (1): 65–79.
Published: 01 February 1994
... for their children’s fertility. Although both types of maternal preferences influence children’s childbearing preferences, mothers’ preferences for their children’s behavior have the stronger and more proximate effects. Mothers’ preferences continue to influence their children’s preferences through early adulthood...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (1): 159–171.
Published: 01 February 1972
...Avery M. Guest Abstract Theoretical propositions from human ecology are used to develop a model that explains the centralization or decentralization of various types of families, such as married couples with children, in the Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area. The model shows how proximity...
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (4): 467–479.
Published: 01 November 2001
... © Population Association of America 2001 2001 Birth Interval Postpartum Bleeding Natural Fertility Proximate Determinant Sexual Abstinence References Adeokun , L.A. ( 1982 ). Marital Sexual Relationships and Birth Spacing Among Two Yoruba Sub-Groups . Africa , 52 ( 4...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (3): 447–455.
Published: 01 August 1990
... education levels among women. 7 1 2011 15 10 1989 15 2 1990 1 8 1990 © Population Association of America 1990 1990 Maternal Education Child Survival Child Immunization Proximate Determinant Correct Knowledge References Basu, A. M. (1989). “Maternal Education...