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Primary Individual

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Journal Article
Demography (1976) 13 (1): 127–138.
Published: 01 February 1976
... and a components of change analysis on primary individuals for 1950–1974, household changes are related to demographic change for the periods 1790–1900, 1900–1950, and 1950–1974. Fertility and mortality declines have unambiguous impact on household size until the increases in primary individuals begin...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (4): 521–536.
Published: 01 November 1988
...Steven Ruggles Abstract This article is an analysis of the frequency and characteristics of unrelated individuals between 1900 and 1950. The much-heralded rise of the primary individual during the 20th century has been offset by a decline in the frequency of secondary individuals. The overall...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 341–350.
Published: 01 March 1967
... presenies en 1965. Lo quees mas importante, losdatos indican queel3 porciento de las viviendas de familias no movile« se convirtieron en viviendas individuales, 0 al reves, y queel 15 por ciento de las viviendas restantes cambiaron en cuanto al tamano de la familia. Estos dos ultimos datos estad'lsticos...
Journal Article
Demography (1980) 17 (1): 39–56.
Published: 01 February 1980
... of America 1980 1980 Capita Income Shadow Price Primary Individual Income Coefficient Consumer Unit References Becker Gary S. ( 1974 ). A Theory of Marriage . In T. W. Schultz (Ed.), Economics of the Family . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . Becker Gary S...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (2): 679–706.
Published: 16 January 2019
... primary care in the year of birth leads to a significant reduction in all-cause mortality (4 % to 6%) and mortality from cardiovascular diseases (5 % to 6 %) and to an increase in average incomes (2 % to 3 %). The effects are universal and somewhat stronger among individuals from poor socioeconomic...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (2): 685–710.
Published: 01 April 2021
... these research gaps using the implementation of a 1976 Universal Primary Education (UPE) in Nigeria as a quasi-experimental exogenous change to estimate the effect of schooling attainment. Exposure to the UPE reform varied according to an individual's year of birth and the number of new schools constructed...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (4): 665–681.
Published: 01 November 1972
...Michael J. Greenwood; Douglas Sweetland Abstract The primary purpose of this paper is to analyze the “determinants” of migration between Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSA’s) in the United States. The magnitudes in which various factors have influenced inter-SMSA migration are estimated...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1085–1108.
Published: 06 July 2016
...John R. Logan; Hyoung-jin Shin Abstract This study examines the bases of residential segregation in a late nineteenth century American city, recognizing the strong tendency toward homophily within neighborhoods. Our primary question is how ethnicity, social class, nativity, and family composition...
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Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (3): 829–847.
Published: 01 June 2024
...Katherine E. M. Miller; Joanna L. Hart; Mateo Useche Rosania; Norma B. Coe Abstract A growing proportion of individuals adopt family caregiving roles. Family caregivers are the primary providers of long-term care in the United States yet limited federal policy supports exist, despite the known...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 979–1009.
Published: 06 July 2016
... intervention that alters the supply (or full price) of one or the other and, importantly, that does so in isolation (reproductive health programs often bundle primary health care and family planning—and in some instances, abortion services). In this article, we study Nepal’s 2004 legalization of abortion...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1965) 2 (1): 97–114.
Published: 01 March 1965
... kilometers north of Santiago, Chile. The respondents were women living in the households of sharecroppesr or permanent hired hands or day wage workers on the plantations ( fundos ); a few were wives of unskilled laborers employed at loading gravel. The educational level was about second year of primary...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (3): 865–890.
Published: 01 June 2023
... experience and field-specific knowledge; and professional histories covering the field's foundational controversies, which tend to focus on individuals, institutions, and influence. Here we use bibliographic information from all articles published in the three leading journals of anglophone demography...
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Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (3): 361–375.
Published: 01 August 1998
... of education on changes in physical functioning in a rapidly developing country. Data come from the 1989 Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan and a follow-up interview in 1993 (N = 4,049, age = 60+). Individuals are conceptualized to be in a state of functional independence or functional...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 751–775.
Published: 17 October 2012
..., we limit our sample to individuals of working age (age 15 to 55). In the following analysis, we rely on information extracted from the Mexican National Occupation and Employment Survey ( Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo , ENOE), which is the primary employment survey in Mexico (INEGI 2010...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (3): 1075–1101.
Published: 03 June 2012
... positive than spouses of monogamous men, but also that HIV prevalence is lower in populations with more polygyny. With these results in mind, we investigate four explanations for the contrasting individual- and ecological-level associations. These relate to (1) the adverse selection of HIV-positive women...
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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 787–809.
Published: 08 May 2015
... the endogeneity of schooling. I use the implementation of Universal Primary Education (UPE) policies in Malawi, Uganda, and Ethiopia in the mid-1990s to conduct a fuzzy regression discontinuity analysis of the effect of schooling on women’s desired fertility. Findings indicate that increased schooling reduced...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1765–1790.
Published: 07 October 2019
... ; Makate 2016 )—did not provide evidence for a significant effect, we did find, using a Cox model, a significant impact of maternal education in Uganda. First, we combined individual-level survey data with official district-level statistics on the number of primary schools in order to exploit...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (1): 35–57.
Published: 01 February 2007
...David K. Evans; Edward Miguel Abstract AIDS deaths could have a major impact on economic development by affecting the human capital accumulation of the next generation. We estimate the impact of parent death on primary school participation using an unusual five-year panel data set of over 20,000...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2365–2394.
Published: 01 December 2021
... that are the primary beneficiaries of the EITC. These findings have important implications for the well-being of individuals exposed to the EITC in childhood, as well as their future children. Copyright © 2021 The Authors 2021 This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons...
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Includes: Supplementary data
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Published: 25 September 2018
individual (unmarried black African male; in wealth Quintile 1; aged 62; who did not complete primary school; and who lives in a rural area). Standard errors are clustered at the individual level More