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Poor Quintile

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Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (2): 293–307.
Published: 01 May 2006
... to the bottom quintile of households arrayed according to a widely accepted asset-based wealth index. The results suggest that women who are both poor and have experienced violence are not unique in their reproductive health disadvantage. In particular, for all three reproductive health outcomes we consider...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1935–1956.
Published: 25 September 2018
... and white population groups given that the wealth distribution within quintiles is very different by race. 22 We therefore also estimate HOPIT and ordered probit models with alternative wealth-race specifications—polynomials of wealth interacted with race, which enables wealthy versus poor comparisons...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (1): 115–132.
Published: 01 February 2001
..., but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar. 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2001 2001 Instrumental Variable Consumption Expenditure Household Wealth Asset Index Poor Quintile References Agrawal , A.N...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 359–392.
Published: 02 December 2011
... richest quintile. The difference-in-differences (i.e., the difference between the rich-poor gap using the principal component index and the rich-poor gap using per capita expenditures) ranges from −2 percentage points (in Nepal) to 17 percentage points (in Zambia). The values are positive in all but one...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S211–S231.
Published: 01 March 2010
... in health status of respondents.13 Differences in the amount of work across these income quintiles are impressive. Low levels of work are partly the con- sequence of poor health and therefore primarily indicate causality from health to ¿ nancial resources (Smith 2004). Those in the top U.S. quintile work 22...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 79–96.
Published: 01 February 2010
...) have been investigated in the United States, there is little research about the impact of obesity on mortality in Latin American countries, where very the rapid rate of growth of prevalence of obesity and overweight occur jointly with poor socioeconomic conditions. The aim of this article is to assess...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 455–483.
Published: 04 March 2015
.... The poor have fewer low-cost ways to buffer against income instability. Two-thirds of low-income families do not have enough liquid financial resources to cover three months of consumption at the federal poverty level (McKernan and Ratcliffe 2009 ). Many of these same households lack access to liquid...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1603–1626.
Published: 01 August 2017
... not pretend to believe that these adjustments will isolate the causal effect of income in our comparisons of the completed schooling of poor and rich children, but they are useful for providing a rough estimate of association after controlling for these demographic measures. The specific set of controls...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (5): 1635–1664.
Published: 10 September 2019
... increases in income segregation occurred among states in the highest quintile of income segregation in 1990. Rising income segregation means that low-income students attend districts that are increasingly homogenously poor, and high-income students attend districts that are increasingly homogenously...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 699–724.
Published: 20 April 2011
... in the analysis Indicator Frequency Percent Mean SD Self-reported Indicators  Functional limitations   Functional limitation problems reported 5,258 59.9   No functional limitations 3,522 40.1   Missing 0 0  Self-rated general health   Poor 679 7.7   Fair 1,794...
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Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 1–31.
Published: 30 November 2017
... statistically, which also explains the large confidence regions. 06 11 2017 30 11 2017 © Population Association of America 2017 2017 Child Development Neighborhoods Residential histories Propensity function models Lower achievement in reading and math among children from poor...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 367–390.
Published: 28 November 2018
... in that country. Put simply, it is possible that the rich are richer and the poor are poorer in the United States than elsewhere and that greater inequalities appear in early childhood development in a relative sense only because we are not comparing “like with like” across countries. Alternatively, a given...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 10 September 2019
Fig. 4 Average state-level exposure to adults with a bachelor’s degree in the school districts of affluent versus poor children by state income segregation quintile, 2014 More
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1819–1843.
Published: 10 July 2013
... (DFID) review (Duvendack et al. 2011 ) concluded that there is a near absence of evidence either for or against the effect of microcredit. On one hand, Pitt and Khandker ( 1998 ) and Khandker ( 2005 ) conducted quasi-experimental studies and argued that there are significant benefits for the poor...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1843–1871.
Published: 01 October 2022
... intends to redistribute incomes from the rich to the poor is often reflected in differential replacement rates. Such redistributive effects of public pension programs, like other government programs, tend to be measured yearly ( Nelissen 1998 ), which ignore between-individual differences in mortality...
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Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 999–1021.
Published: 03 April 2019
... that especially for whites, the rich were getting richer, but inequality also increased between the middle class and the poor, where the middle class largely pulled away from the poor. To a lesser extent, this result applies to all other groups except for blacks. These results highlight the importance of studying...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 25–47.
Published: 29 November 2018
... indirect effects of poor integration of forced migrants into the labor market and the society. Although the German legislation adopted a number of different laws that aimed at reducing the burden of war-related financial losses (e.g., Lastenausgleichsgesetz ), the integration of forced migrants remained...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (3): 379–405.
Published: 01 August 1995
... are also overrepresented in the bottom income quintile, however, 390 Demography, Vol. 32, No.3, August 1995 reflecting the fact that a large proportion of unmarried adults have poor employment credentials. Some adults in fact may be unmarried because their job prospects are so dismal. Table 2 shows changes...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1033–1068.
Published: 27 March 2018
... and attitudes on children’s completed schooling and self-esteem . In G. J. Duncan , & J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp. 518 – 540 ). New York, NY : Russell Sage Foundation . Bailey M. J. , & Dynarski S. M. ( 2011 ). Inequality in postsecondary...
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Journal Article
Demography (1999) 36 (3): 299–314.
Published: 01 August 1999
.... Though poverty is always a cause for concern, the policy implications are clearly different ifthe same individuals stay in poverty for long periods than if poor individuals have a good chance of making strong income gains in the future. The extent to which low-income individuals have a chance to move...