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Permanent Method

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Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (4): 613–626.
Published: 01 November 1992
... to country of origin, age, and state of intended residence. A method of producing current estimates of long-term immigration is illustrated. Official immigration statistics for the United States are reported according to the date when immigrants are granted permanent resident status. For many immigrants...
Journal Article
Demography (2008) 45 (2): 283–302.
Published: 01 May 2008
... current contextual influences. 13 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2008 2008 Contraceptive Behavior Contraceptive Choice Permanent Method Social Learnin Contraceptive Environment References Alva S. , & Entwisle B. ( 2002 ). Employment Transitions...
Journal Article
Demography (1965) 2 (1): 97–114.
Published: 01 March 1965
..., a substantial percentage of the couples is making efforts to control fertility using ineffective methods. About one-half are in favor of abortion and indicate that they would use it if no other method were available and abortion were legalized. Almost a universal desire to learn more about fertility control...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2327–2335.
Published: 29 October 2020
... about legal status (survey approach). We show that the two methods yield contrasting conclusions. In models using the logical approach, among noncitizens, being a legal permanent resident (LPR) is counterintuitively associated with a significantly greater net probability of being below the poverty line...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2315–2336.
Published: 01 December 2021
...Jennifer Van Hook; Anne Morse; Randy Capps; Julia Gelatt Abstract One of the most common methods for estimating the U.S. unauthorized foreign-born population is the residual method. Over the last decade, residual estimates have typically fallen within a narrow range of 10.5 to 12 million. Yet...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (2): 265–275.
Published: 01 May 1996
...Stanley K. Smith; Christopher McCarty Abstract Many studies have considered the economic, social, and psychological effects of hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, tornadoes, and other natural disasters, but few have considered their demographic effects. In this paper we describe and evaluate a method...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (4): 559–578.
Published: 01 November 1990
... a different method was used. To reduce the number of possibilities further, methods were lumped into four categories: traditional, modern tem- porary (condom, pill), modern intermediate (IUD, injectables), and modern permanent (sterilization). Periods of nonuse were ignored. For example, a woman's 3-year...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1327–1346.
Published: 01 August 2021
.... Additionally, we are interested in women's use of LARC as an intermediate method that may be a precursor to her transitioning to an equally effective but permanent method (i.e., female or male sterilization). Our investigation of reproductive events following LARC use thus allows for a shift of focus from...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (3): 351–365.
Published: 01 August 1986
... with child spacing than with terminating excessive fertility and will use effective tempo- rary methods of contraception rather than permanent sterilization. (2) What is the demographic impact of sterilization on the fertility of Puerto Rico? The early studies were restricted, because of data limitations...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1739–1764.
Published: 03 May 2013
... permanent methods of contraception (tubectomy and vasectomy for their husbands) and are more likely to use nonpermanent methods (condoms, oral contraceptives, or traditional methods (mostly periodic abstinence and withdrawal)) that have higher failure rates (Khan and Rahman 1997 ). Hence, educated women...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1089–1113.
Published: 01 August 2023
... than 50% of the entire study sample each year. The statuses were also relatively stable. More than 90% of Consistently Covered Mothers remained in that status throughout the three-year study period, making that status the most constant. These women used long-term or permanent methods of contraception...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (5): 1663–1686.
Published: 25 May 2013
... of the transition from never having used any of the permanent contraceptive methods to ever having used any of those methods, ignoring distinction among methods. We code a time-varying dichotomous variable as 0 for all the years the respondent did not use any of the five contraceptive methods and as 1 for the first...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (2): 931–940.
Published: 01 June 1968
..., the theoretical effectiveness may be inferred from the levels of use-effectiveness that are achieved by the most successful groups of highly motivated users. With quasi-permanent methods, such as intra- uterine devices, use-effectiveness tends to approach theoretical effectiveness. In 1959, a new term...
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (2): 642–650.
Published: 01 June 1968
.... Generally Indian couples marry early and have three or four children; they then want a simple and permanent method of conception control. Sometimes, when the husband is unwilling, the wife may under- go tubectomy, which is a relatively major operation needing at least a week's hos- pitalization. AIl...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (1): 262–272.
Published: 01 March 1967
... alternative methods for deriving estimates of immigration from the raw data and presents estimates of net immigration from 1950 to 1965. They are developed from estimates previously published by the Bureau of the Census, but they differ at some points where new data have become available or where a review...
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (3): 279–290.
Published: 01 August 1982
.... Estimating Emigration from the United States— A Review of Data and Methods. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the Population Association of America, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Shryock Henry S. , & Siegl Jacob S. Associates ( 1975 ). The Methods and Materials of Demography...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 219–237.
Published: 13 December 2011
... into account the differences between the treatment and control groups that exist in nonexperimental data. To account for such differences, we implement matching estimators. We provide an abbreviated and rather informal discussion on matching estimators based on Smith and Todd ( 2005 ) in the Methods section...
Journal Article
Demography (2000) 37 (1): 127–138.
Published: 01 February 2000
... the cost- effectiveness of alternative methods for locating sampled im- migrants and maximizing initial response rates; (2) to ex- plore the costs, feasibility, and effectiveness of alternative methods of tracking sampled immigrants after the initial con- tacts (a necessary feature for a longitudinal...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (1): 165–174.
Published: 01 February 1990
... is relatively straightforward to perform and is more accurate than alternative methods under many field circumstances. The method works well for children aged from 6 to 30 months and also provides one-tailed estimates of "less than one year" and "at least 20 months" for children outside this range. This age...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (3): 425–441.
Published: 01 August 1993
.... In this paper we first give a short overview of the different methods that were used in ascertaining the effects of changes in divorce legislation on divorce rates. Then we present a statistical model for analyzing the effects of judicial changes on divorce frequencies and apply it to a historical time series...