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Pension Income

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Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (2): 559–576.
Published: 08 April 2020
... to fertility in the cohorts of older women considered. Deaths due to lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and heart attacks—all of which are associated with stress during the life course—are significantly increased. Stratifying the sample by education and pension income shows the highest...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1843–1871.
Published: 01 October 2022
...Jiaxin Shi; Martin Kolk Abstract As with many social transfer schemes, pension systems around the world are often progressive: individuals with lower incomes receive a higher percentage of their income as a subsequent pension. On the other hand, those with lower earnings have higher mortality...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1345–1368.
Published: 19 May 2020
... than 50 low- and middle-income countries have introduced noncontributory pension or supplemental income programs (Newson and Bourne 2011 ; Willmore 2007 ). Noncontributory pensions are also called social pensions or unconditional cash transfer programs for older adults. Recipients...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 433–454.
Published: 01 April 2015
... determinants of retirement. In contrast, although financial incentives such as pensions and retiree health insurance have the largest influence on retirement, the opportunity cost associated with outside income seems to have little effect on whether a grandmother provides care. There is little evidence...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 159–170.
Published: 01 February 1997
... Population Association of America 1997 1997 Assortative Mating Social Security Benefit Retirement Income Pension Income Health Production Function References Adler N.E. , Boyce W.T. , Chesney M.A. , Folkman S. , & Syme S.L. ( 1993 ). Socioeconomic Inequalities...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (1): 181–206.
Published: 14 September 2012
... and Mackenbach 2007 ), and psychosocial factors such as prolonged exposure to stress (Macintyre 1997 ; Smith 1999 ). Independent of the causes of differential mortality, an inverse relationship between income and mortality risk has important implications for pension policy (Whitehouse and Zaidi 2008...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S151–S172.
Published: 01 March 2010
... there, and the greater returns to experience for more-educated workers. Finally, we see that labor income drops sharply in the rich countries after the late 50s, perhaps reÀ ecting incentives built into pension programs (Gruber and Wise 1998) and an increase in the demand for leisure induced by rising income (Costa 1998...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (3): 1105–1129.
Published: 30 April 2019
... retirement. People who influenced or even initiated unemployment, by contrast, show no scarring. The scarring effect goes beyond what can be explained by the income loss originating from reduced pensions. It shows up independently of whether the unemployment spell directly before retirement was the only...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (6): 2181–2203.
Published: 22 October 2018
... in Kyrgyzstan (LIK) Survey, 2011 wave, authors’ own calculations. a Includes income of all coresiding parents earned as employees and received as pension contributions. b Average gender attitudes of coresiding parents in the household. We define preferences as the parents’ attitude toward the role...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (6): 2187–2213.
Published: 01 December 2022
... job searches, displacements, and unemployment spells, or reemployment at lower occupational status and salary ( Marshall et al. 2001 ; Riekhoff and Järnefelt 2018 ). Rather than being a definite event in time, marking the passage from paid work to pension income, retirement looks increasingly like...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 83–95.
Published: 01 February 1997
... from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. the point. For example, in 1991, the median Social Security wealth of families with heads ages 65-69 was about $100,000 (see Figure 2). Median employer-provided pension wealth (including government and military pensions) was only $16,017. Pension...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1115–1137.
Published: 01 August 2023
... of the effects of recent pension reforms on the timing of the transitions to retirement and on pension incomes . Comparative Population Studies , 38 , 881 – 906 . Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung . ( 2019 ). Alterung und Arbeitsmarkt [Ageing and the labour market] (Policy Brief, September 2019...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (3): 393–409.
Published: 01 August 1989
... supply decisions) that underly this result. The race effect strongly connotes that black men are less likely to have accumulated savings or claims to adequate levels of retirement income, either through Social Security or through private pension plans, to finance retire- ment. Wage rate is positively...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S211–S231.
Published: 01 March 2010
... is asked separately for both spouses for each of its major sub-components earnings, pensions, social security or state pensions, and income from capital. A unique aspect of these surveys is that they both contain high-quality wealth modules using a comprehensive and detailed set of ques- tions...
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (4): 551–563.
Published: 01 November 1997
... increases W(8). When the income inequality of the whole range of ages [y,w] is considered, there will be definite analytical results only in qualified situations. The following analysis is an ex- ample. Let income before retirement be i(a) for a < z, and let pension income after retirement be r(a) = r...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (2): 369–394.
Published: 01 May 2003
... a number of important policy questions regarding the contribution of several sources of income especially social security retired-worker benefits and private pension benefits to economic well-being during this first decade after retirement. DATA AND PROCEDURES Our sample came from the 1982 Social Security...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 883–904.
Published: 28 April 2015
... program (Costa 1997 ) or the Social Security program (Engelhardt et al. 2005 ; McGarry and Schoeni 2000 ) reduced intergenerational coresidence in the United States. However, Edmonds et al. ( 2005 ) found no evidence that social pension income is used to maintain the independence of black elders...
Journal Article
Demography (1990) 27 (3): 337–356.
Published: 01 August 1990
... have been at- tributed to social class differences in health behaviors and the use of the health care system (Mott & Haurin 1985). Among retirees, education is also associated with the risk of labor force reentry. Since poorly educated men are likely to have low pension incomes, they are expected...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 303–325.
Published: 01 February 2023
... disentangling the mechanisms driving the convergence. First, welfare and monetary unification almost instantly led to significantly increased pension incomes and purchasing power for eastern Germans, especially those who were retirees ( Ritter 2011 ; Vogt and Kluge 2015 ). Second, liberalized movement led...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2361–2368.
Published: 15 October 2020
... and Social Security Administration data, Bee and Mitchell ( 2017 ) showed that retirement income is also significantly underreported; more than 40% of those who receive pension income fail to report it. The problem of underreported income is not unique to U.S. surveys. Studies of survey income data in Canada...
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