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Parenthood premium

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Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 247–272.
Published: 01 February 2021
...Wei-hsin Yu; Yuko Hara Abstract Despite much interest in how parenthood contributes to the gender pay gap, prior research has rarely explored firms' roles in shaping the parenthood pay penalty or premium. The handful of studies that investigated parenthood's effects within and across firms...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2024) 61 (2): 231–250.
Published: 01 April 2024
... for NLSY97 women who had their first child before their late 20s is generally similar to that of previous cohorts. Those who became mothers near or after age 30, however, encounter a parenthood premium, as men do. The growing proportion of women delaying motherhood, coupled with the rising heterogeneity...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (5): 1663–1680.
Published: 25 September 2018
... on this research and explores trends in the parenthood penalties and premiums from 1980 to 2014 for those at the bottom, middle, and top of the wage distribution. Analyses of data from the Current Population Survey show that the motherhood wage penalty decreased, whereas the fatherhood wage premium increased...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (4): 1249–1274.
Published: 01 August 2021
... hours and wage premiums to longer hours. Studies have further suggested that the structure and compensation of work hours at the occupation level shape mothers' work-related outcomes, although direct evidence is limited, particularly around the transition to parenthood. Much of the prior work...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 1093–1117.
Published: 01 June 2021
...? Economic Inquiry , 39 , 307 – 319 . Cooke L. P. ( 2014 ). Gendered parenthood penalties and premiums across the earnings distribution in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States . European Sociological Review , 30 , 360 – 372 . Cotter D. , England P...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1377–1402.
Published: 01 August 2022
.... , & Brüderl J. ( 2018 ). Is there a male marital wage premium? New evidence from the United States . American Sociological Review , 83 , 744 – 770 . Lundberg S. , & Rose E. ( 2000 ). Parenthood and the earnings of married men and women . Labour Economics , 7 , 689 – 710...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (4): 1243–1268.
Published: 01 July 2015
... both trigger marriage and presage earnings growth, resulting in an upward bias. On the other hand, a downward bias would result if partnership/marriage were timed to coincide with a downshift in labor market attachment (e.g., because of parenthood or retirement). Therefore, our estimates provide...
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Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (4): 1197–1216.
Published: 24 January 2013
... a changed time allocation. Previously, it was mostly women’s labor force participation and careers that were affected by parenthood; today, the time allocation of both men and women changes more similarly in connection with parenthood than in the past, at least in Sweden (Dribe and Stanfors 2009...
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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (5): 1601–1626.
Published: 10 September 2015
...-generation women face a motherhood penalty for most outcomes, while their male counterparts enjoy a fatherhood premium in earnings. The central focus of this article is not on the effect of parenthood by gender, but its inclusion further substantiates the importance of examining intergenerational mobility...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 1007–1028.
Published: 22 March 2017
... missing AFQT values. We include controls for other family formation changes (cohabitation and parenthood) in order to isolate the effects of marriage. We measure cohabitation with a dummy variable set to 1 if the individual is currently unmarried and reports a partner in the household roster. We...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 33–60.
Published: 29 January 2020
... and Family , 65 , 597 – 607 . 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2003.00597.x Bass B. C. ( 2015 ). Preparing for parenthood?: Gender, aspirations, and the reproduction of labor market inequality . Gender & Society , 29 , 362 – 385 . 10.1177/0891243214546936 Becker G. S. ( 1962...
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Journal Article
Demography (2007) 44 (3): 623–647.
Published: 01 August 2007
... attributable to higher work effort. At the same time, higher wage rates and hours worked encourage men to marry and to stay married. Thus, being married and having high earnings reinforce each other over time. common explanation for high and rising rates of single parenthood in the United States is the low...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (2): 263–284.
Published: 01 May 2004
... and Wives Pool Their Resources? . Journal of Human Resources , 32 , 463 – 80 . 10.2307/146179 Lundberg S. , & Rose E. ( 2000 ). Parenthood and the Earnings of Married Men and Women . Labour Economics , 7 , 689 – 710 . 10.1016/S0927-5371(00)00020-8 Manser M...
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Published: 01 February 2021
Fig. 1 Within- and across-employer parenthood effects by parity. The effects depicted here are derived from regression models identical to Models 4 and 8 in Table 3 and Models 2 and 4 in Table 4 , but replacing the binary indicator of being a parent with time-varying dummy variables More
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (3): 1135–1153.
Published: 14 November 2012
... and Furstenberg 2006 ; Guzzo and Furstenberg 2007 ). Given socioeconomic differences in divorce (Härkönen and Dronkers 2006 ), different conditions upon entering parenthood may select men from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds into groups with higher divorce risks and hence higher multipartner fertility...
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Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (2): 593–623.
Published: 16 April 2011
... affected the incentives to delay or not delay family formation—particularly parenthood. Those who are well-off delayed family formation to invest in human capital, while the less-affluent had fewer incentives to delay parenthood but also reduced incentive to marry. McLanahan’s ( 2004 ) contention...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 961–983.
Published: 21 April 2017
... , A. , & Keister , L. A. ( 2006 ). The wealth of single women: marital status and parenthood in the asset accumulation of young baby boomers in the United States . Feminist Economics , 12 , 167 – 194 . 10.1080/13545700500508478 . Zagorsky , J. L. ( 2005 ). Marriage and divorce’s impact...
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Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (4): 483–507.
Published: 01 November 1995
... "family values," they overlook the fact that individuals do not simply make the decisions that lead to unwed parenthood, marriage, or divorce on the basis of what is good for society. They weigh the costs and benefits of each of these choices to themselves-and sometimes their children. But how much do...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (1): 153–182.
Published: 29 January 2015
... single parenthood and economic well-being for an older cohort of women who have had the opportunity to form unions, enter and exit from work, and complete childbearing as they enter into their 40s and 50s. Future studies should expand our focus on women with a nonmarital first birth to understand...
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Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1773–1793.
Published: 06 September 2017
... medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Family size Labor supply Career IV estimation Parenthood Parenthood is a major cause of reduced labor supply...
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